Super Size Me (1)

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Published: 2.15.2022
Level 4   |   Time: 3:52
Accent: American
Source: Super Size Me

Part 1 of a documentary about the dangers of fast-food and the obesity epidemic in the US.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ obese [adj] - very fat
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ adolescents [n] - children from ages 10 to 19
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ one in four [exp] - 25%
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ eat out [phv] - eat in a restaurant (outside the home)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an occasion [n] - a time, an event
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a wallet [n] - a small purse to put money in
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a waistline [n] - the distance around your waist (stomach)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ associated with [exp] - connected to
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sue [v] - report some issue to the court in order to get money
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take aim at [exp] - focus on
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a lawsuit [n] - a civil legal action by one person against another person or entity to be decided in a court
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ on behalf of [exp] - in the interests of
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the unthinkable [n] - something people think is impossible
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the golden arches [n] - a nickname for MacDonald's
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a joint [n] - a place, a restaurant
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a rest stop [n] - a place on the highway with many restaurants
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a coronary [n] - a major heart illness or problem
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ kick in [phv] - start
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ frivolous [adj] - not having any serious purpose or value
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ woes [n] - troubles, problems
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ state a claim [exp] - start a lawsuit
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the fast track [exp] - a way to achieve a goal quickly

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas


  1. What are some of the biggest things that are in America?
    Cars
    Food
    Trees
    Houses
    People
    Buildings
    Companies

  2. What percentage of American adults are overweight or obese?
    more than 6%
    more than 16%
    more than 60%
    more than 66%

  3. What is the fattest state in America?
    West Virginia
    Mississippi
    Montana
    Texas

  4. What percentage of people in that state are obese?
    4%
    14%
    25%
    45%

  5. Where is the narrator from?
    West Virginia
    Mississippi
    Montana
    Texas

  6. How does his state rank for obesity in the US?
    2nd fattest
    3rd fattest
    2nd healthiest
    3rd healthiest

  7. How often did the narrator eat out as a child?
    never
    rarely
    almost every week
    every day

  8. What is the leading cause of preventable death in the US?
    cancer
    obesity
    smoking
    car accidents

  9. How many deaths per year are caused by obesity in the US?
    400
    4 000
    40 000
    400 000

  10. Who filed a lawsuit against MacDonald's in 2002?
    The narrator
    Two teenage girls
    The US government

  11. What percentage of people in the US visit a fast-food restaurant every day?
    10%
    14%
    25%
    40%

  12. How many countries have McDonald's?
    over 120
    over 100
    over 60
    over 40

  13. How many people eat at McDonald's per day?
    6 million
    14 million
    40 million
    46 million

  14. What is the population of Spain?
    46 million
    more than 46 million
    less than 46 million

  15. According to the video, in what places can you find McDonald's?
    hotels
    airports
    hospitals
    rest stops
    supermarkets
    gas stations
    train stations
    amusement parks
    department stores

  16. Why does MacDonalds claim that the lawsuits are frivolous?
    The teens do not have any real health problems.
    The teens did not eat at MacDonald's every day.
    Everyone knows that MacDonald's food is not healthy.
    MacDonald's is not solely responsible for their health problems.

  17. Under what conditions has a judge stated that the lawsuits are valid?
    If McDonald's encourages people to eat its food every day for every meal.
    If eating MacDonald's food every day is actually dangerous.
    If MacDonald's tried to hide the dangers of consuming their food.
    If MacDonald's food has no nutritional value.

  18. What does the narrator plan to do?
    Eat MacDonald's food every day for 30 days.
    Eat MacDonald's food every day for a year.
    Eat MacDonald's food for every meal for 30 days.
    Eat MacDonald's food for every meal for a year.



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using these words. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.

Sentence 1

America / get / big / car / big / house / big / company / big / food / big / people


America has got the biggest cars, (the) biggest houses, (the) biggest companies, (the) biggest food, and (the) biggest people.



Sentence 2

60% / all / U.S. / adult / overweight / obese


60% of all U.S. adults are overweight or obese.



Sentence 3

obesity / now / second / only / smoke / as / major / cause / prevent / death / America


Obesity is now second only to smoking as a major cause of preventable death(s) in America.



Sentence 4

in / U.S. / you / can / find / MacDonald's / restaurant / almost / anywhere / even / hospital


In the U.S., you can find a MacDonald's restaurant almost anywhere, even in hospitals.



Sentence 5

McDonald's / operate / more / 30,000 / joint / over / 100 / country / and / feed / more / 46 / million / people / worldwide / every / day


McDonald's operates more than 30,000 joints in over 100 countries and feeds more than 46 million people worldwide every day.



Sentence 6

two / teenager / New York / sue / MacDonald's / sell / food / most / us / know / not / good / you


Two teenagers [in/from] New York are(were) suing MacDonald's for selling (them) food [that/which] most of us know isn't good for you.



Sentence 7

lawyer / McDonald's / think / lawsuit / frivolous / because / danger / fast-food / universal / known / and / two / teenager / health / issue / not / blame / solely / McDonald's


Lawyers for McDonald's think (that) the lawsuits are frivolous because the dangers of fast-food are universally known and the two teenagers' health issues cannot be blamed solely on McDonald's.



Sentence 8

teen / lawyer / need / prove / eat / McDonald's / food / every / day / be / unreasonable / danger / and / MacDonald's / want / people / do / so


The teens' lawyers need to prove (that) eating McDonald's food every day [is/will be/would be] unreasonably dangerous and MacDonald's wants people to do so.



Sentence 9

narrator / plan / eat / McDonald's / food / every / meal / every / day / 30 / day


The narrator plans to eat McDonald's food for every meal of every day for 30 days.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. He plans to eat only MacDonald's food for 30 days. What do you predict will be the effects? Try to think of three specific effects?
  2. Who filed a lawsuit against fast-food companies? Describe these people. Why do you think they filed the lawsuits?
  3. Do you think their lawsuits are frivolous? Are the fast-food companies to blame for the obesity epidemic in the US (and in your country)? Why?
  4. The video mentions all of the places where you can find McDonald's. Which place does the video emphasize? Why?
  5. If you had to choose one fast-food restaurant to eat at every day for 30 days, what restaurant would you choose? Why?
  6. Should the government (in your country) make any laws or policies to help combat obesity?
  7. In an age when we have so much information at our disposal, why do we still make (bad? unhealthy?) choices based on advertising and marketing?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Everything's bigger in America. We've got the biggest cars, the biggest houses, the biggest companies, the biggest food, and, finally, the biggest people.

America has now become the fattest nation in the world.

Congratulations. Nearly 100 million Americans are today either overweight or obese. That's more than 60% of all U.S. adults.

Since 1980, the total number of overweight and obese Americans has doubled, with twice as many overweight children and three times as many overweight adolescents.

The fattest state in America? Mississippi -- where one in four people are obese.

I grew up in west Virginia, currently the third-fattest state in America.

When I was growing up, my mother cooked dinner every single day. Almost all my memories of her are in the kitchen. And we never ate out, only on those few, rare special occasions.

Today, families do it all the time, and they're paying for it -- not only with their wallets, but with their waistlines.

Obesity is now second only to smoking as a major cause of preventable death in America, with more than 400,000 deaths per year associated with related illnesses.

In 2002, a few Americans got fed up with being overweight and did what we do best. They sued the bastards.

Taking aim at the fast-food companies and blaming them for their obesity and illnesses, a lawsuit was filed in New York on behalf of two teenage girls, one who was 14 years old, 4'10", and 170 pounds, the other, 19 years old, 5'6", and 270 pounds.

The unthinkable had suddenly become reality. People were suing the golden arches for selling them food that most of us know isn't good for you to begin with.

Yet each day, one in four Americans visits a fast-food restaurant.

And this hunger for fast food isn't just in America. it's happening on a global basis.

McDonalds alone operates more than 30,000 joints in over 100 countries on 6 continents and feeds more than 46 million people worldwide every day. That's more than the entire population of Spain.

In the United States alone, McDonalds accounts for 43% of the total fast-food market.

They're everywhere -- Wal-Mart's, airports, rest stops, gas stations, train stations, shopping malls, department stores, amusement parts, even hospitals. That's right -- hospitals. At least you're close when the coronary kicks in.

Lawyers for McDonald's called the suits "frivolous", stating that the dangers of its food are universally known and that these kids can't show that their weight problems and health woes were caused solely by their McDiets.

The judge states, however, that if lawyers for the teens can show that McDonald's intends for people to eat its food for every meal of every day and that doing so would be unreasonably dangerous, they may be able to state a claim.

Are the food companies solely to blame for this epidemic? Where does personal responsibility stop and corporate responsibility begin?

Is fast food really that bad for you? I mean, what would happen if I ate nothing but McDonald's for 30 days straight? Would I suddenly be on the fast track to becoming an obese American? Would it be unreasonably dangerous?

Let's find out. Im ready.