Learn English with The Hobbit

#17. The Arkenstone


icon
Published: 7.28.2021
Level 6   |   Time: 4:08
Accent: British
Source: The Hobbit

Thorin becomes obsessed with finding the Arkenstone.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the Arkenstone [n] - a large beautiful gem that gives its owner the right to be king [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a raven [n] - a black bird [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ aye [exp] - yes
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ word will spread [exp] - many people will hear the news
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ every soul [exp] - everyone
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ loyalty [n] - a strong feeling of support or allegiance
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a birthright [n] - a right to own something that one has from birth, especially as an oldest child
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a jewel [n] - a precious, valuable stone [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ dragon sickness [n] - a change in personality after spending time around the gold of a dragon
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ mad [adj] - crazy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Beorn [n] - the half-man half-bear that helped the dwarves
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the Shire [n] - Bilbo's home
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Laketown [n] - the town of humans near Erebor
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ stream [v] - a large amount (of people) move quickly into a place
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Dale [n] - the city next to the Lonely Mountain (Erebor) that was destroyed by Smaug
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an acorn [n] - the nut or seed of an oak tree [image] vocab image

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,   [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


picture picture picture picture
Bilbo Thorin Balin Bard
  • Bilbo and the dwarves have been on a quest to take their home (Erebor) back from a dragon (Smaug).
  • Before they arrived at Erebor, the people of Laketown helped the dwarves.
  • Thorin promised to share the wealth of the mountain with the people of Laketown.
  • Smaug the dragon is attacking Laketown because they helped the dwarves.
  • Thorin wants the Arkenstone, the symbol of the king.
  • Bilbo has the Arkenstone, but he hasn't told anyone.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.

Perguntas

Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.


  1. ____ kills Smaug the dragon with a black arrow.
    Balin
    Bard
    Bilbo
    Thorin

  2. The ravens are returning to the mountain because ____.
    Smaug is dead
    winter is coming
    the dwarves have returned
    the king is in the mountain

  3. Balin thinks that _____ will soon know that Smaug is dead.
    Gandalf
    the orcs
    the elves
    everyone

  4. The dwarves are looking for _____.
    other dragons
    the Arkenstone
    the white gems

  5. Balin asks if Thorin _____.
    plans to help the people of Laketown
    doubts the loyalty of the dwarves
    already has the Arkenstone
    deserves to be king

  6. Thorin says the the Arkenstone is _____.
    the last jewel
    the white jewel
    the king's jewel
    the dragon's jewel

  7. Balin tells Bilbo that Thorin has _____.
    dragon sickness
    the jewel
    lost hope

  8. The Arkenstone also drove Thorin's ______ mad.
    uncle
    father
    brother
    grandfather

  9. Balin hopes that _____ finds the Arkenstone.
    no one
    Bilbo
    Thorin
    Gandalf

  10. Bilbo is holding an acorn from _____ .
    Beorn's garden
    Rivendell
    The Shire
    Mirkwood

  11. Bilbo plan to ______.
    plant it in the Shire
    leave it in Erebor
    give it to Thorin

  12. Thorin thinks it is a _____ prize.
    perfect
    unusual
    poor

  13. Bilbo likes the prize because it will remind him of _____.
    the good parts of his adventure
    the bad parts of his adventure
    his luck at surviving

  14. Refugess from _____ are coming to _____.
    Dale, Erebor
    Dale, Laketown
    Erebor, Dale
    Erebor, Laketown
    Laketown, Dale
    Laketown, Erebor

  15. There are _____ of them.
    dozens
    hundreds
    thousands



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.


Sentence 1

Bard / shoot / last / black / arrow / and / it / strike / dragon / heart


Bard shoots [the/his] last black arrow, and it strikes the dragon's heart.



Sentence 2

Smaug / scream / pain / and / crash / water / below


Smaug screams in pain and crashes into the water below.



Sentence 3

Bilbo / realize / Smaug / dead


Bilbo realizes (that) Smaug is dead.



Sentence 4

with / Smaug / dead / raven / Erebor / return / mountain


With Smaug dead, the ravens of Erebor return to the mountain.



Sentence 5

Thorin / command / dwarf / find / Arkenstone


Thorin commands the dwarves to find the Arkenstone.



Sentence 6

Thorin / start / lose / patience / because / they / not / find / Arkenstone


Thorin starts to lose (his) patience because they cannot find the Arkenstone.



Sentence 7

Balin / tell / Bilbo / Thorin / suffer / dragon / sick


Balin tells Bilbo (that) Thorin is suffering from dragon sickness.



Sentence 8

Bilbo / wonder / possess / Arkentone / help / Thorin


Bilbo wonders if possessing the Arkentone [would/will/can/could/might] help Thorin.



Sentence 9

Balin / hope / Arkenstone / never / find / because / it / make / Thorin / worse


Balin hopes (that) the Arkenstone is never found because it [would/will] make Thorin worse.



Sentence 10

believe / Bilbo / have / Arkenstone / Thorin / order / Bilbo / reveal / what / in / hand


Believing (that) Bilbo has the Arkenstone, Thorin orders Bilbo to reveal what [he has/is] in his hand(s).



Sentence 11

Bilbo / show / Thorin / acorn / he / take / Beorn / garden


Bilbo shows Thorin an acorn (that/which) he took from Beorn's garden.



Sentence 12

Bilbo / plan / plant / acorn / Shire / when / he / return / home


Bilbo plans to plant the acorn in the Shire when he returns home.



Sentence 13

Dwalin / tell / Thorin / hundred / people / Laketown / stream / Dale


Dwalin tells Thorin (that) hundreds of people from Laketown are streaming into Dale.



triangle Compare the Book 책을 비교하다 Compare o livro Comparar el libro


The text below is from the [ original novel ].

  1. Which parts of the video are the same as the novel?
  2. Which parts of the video are different from the novel?
  3. Which parts of the novel are not in the video?


But there was still a company of archers that held their ground among the burning houses. Their captain was Bard, grim-voiced and grim-faced, whose friends had accused him of prophesying floods and poisoned fish, though they knew his worth and courage. He was a descendant in long line of Girion, Lord of Dale, whose wife and child had escaped down the Running River from the ruin long ago. Now he shot with a great yew bow, till all his arrows but one were spent. The flames were near him. His companions were leaving him. He bent his bow for the last time.

Suddenly out of the dark something fluttered to his shoulder. He started—but it was only an old thrush. Unafraid it perched by his ear and it brought him news. Marvelling he found he could understand its tongue, for he was of the race of Dale.

“Wait! Wait!” it said to him. “The moon is rising. Look for the hollow of the left breast as he flies and turns above you!” And while Bard paused in wonder it told him of tidings up in the Mountain and of all that it had heard.

Then Bard drew his bow-string to his ear. The dragon was circling back, flying low, and as he came the moon rose above the eastern shore and silvered his great wings.

“Arrow!” said the bowman. “Black arrow! I have saved you to the last. You have never failed me and always I have recovered you. I had you from my father and he from of old. If ever you came from the forges of the true king under the Mountain, go now and speed well!”

The dragon swooped once more lower than ever, and as he turned and dived down his belly glittered white with sparkling fires of gems in the moon—but not in one place. The great bow twanged. The black arrow sped straight from the string, straight for the hollow by the left breast where the foreleg was flung wide. In it smote and vanished, barb, shaft and feather, so fierce was its flight. With a shriek that deafened men, felled trees and split stone, Smaug shot spouting into the air, turned over and crashed down from on high in ruin.

Full on the town he fell. His last throes splintered it to sparks and gledes. The lake roared in. A vast steam leaped up, white in the sudden dark under the moon. There was a hiss, a gushing whirl, and then silence. And that was the end of Smaug, but not of Bard.

Now we will return to Bilbo and the dwarves. All night one of them had watched, but when morning came they had not heard or seen any sign of danger. But ever more thickly the birds were gathering. Their companies came flying from the South; and the crows that still lived about the Mountain were wheeling and crying unceasingly above.

“Something strange is happening,” said Thorin. “The time has gone for the autumn wanderings; and these are birds that dwell always in the land; there are starlings and flocks of finches; and far off there are many carrion birds as if a battle were afoot!” Suddenly Bilbo pointed: “There is that old thrush again!” he cried. “He seems to have escaped, when Smaug smashed the mountain-side, but I don’t suppose the snails have!”

Sure enough the old thrush was there, and as Bilbo pointed, he flew towards them and perched on a stone nearby. Then he fluttered his wings and sang; then he cocked his head on one side, as if to listen; and again he sang, and again he listened.

“I believe he is trying to tell us something,” said Balin; “but I cannot follow the speech of such birds, it is very quick and difficult. Can you make it out Baggins?”

“Not very well,” said Bilbo (as a matter of fact, he could make nothing of it at all); “but the old fellow seems very excited.”

“I only wish he was a raven!” said Balin.

“I thought you did not like them! You seemed very shy of them, when we came this way before.”

“Those were crows! And nasty suspicious-looking creatures at that, and rude as well. You must have heard the ugly names they were calling after us. But the ravens are different. There used to be great friendship between them and the people of Thror; and they often brought us secret news, and were rewarded with such bright things as they coveted to hide in their dwellings.

“They live many a year, and their memories are long, and they hand on their wisdom to their children. I knew many among the ravens of the rocks when I was a dwarf-lad. This very height was once named Ravenhill, because there was a wise and famous pair, old Carc and his wife, that lived here above the guard- chamber. But I don’t suppose that any of that ancient breed linger here now.”

No sooner had he finished speaking than the old thrush gave a loud call, and immediately flew away.

“We may not understand him, but that old bird understands us, I am sure,” said Balin. “Keep watch now, and see what happens!”

Before long there was a fluttering of wings, and back came the thrush; and with him came a most decrepit old bird. He was getting blind, he could hardly fly, and the top of his head was bald. He was an aged raven of great size. He alighted stiffly on the ground before them, slowly flapped his wings, and bobbed towards Thorin.

“O Thorin son of Thrain, and Balin son of Fundin,” he croaked (and Bilbo could understand what he said, for he used ordinary language and not bird- speech). “I am Roäc son of Carc. Carc is dead, but he was well known to you once. It is a hundred years and three and fifty since I came out of the egg, but I do not forget what my father told me. Now I am the chief of the great ravens of the Mountain. We are few, but we remember still the king that was of old. Most of my people are abroad, for there are great tidings in the South—some are tidings of joy to you, and some you will not think so good.

“Behold! the birds are gathering back again to the Mountain and to Dale from South and East and West, for word has gone out that Smaug is dead!”

“Dead! Dead?” shouted the dwarves. “Dead! Then we have been in needless fear—and the treasure is ours!” They all sprang up and began to caper about for joy.

Now the days passed slowly and wearily. Many of the dwarves spent their time piling and ordering the treasure; and now Thorin spoke of the Arkenstone of Thrain, and bade them eagerly to look for it in every corner.

“For the Arkenstone of my father,” he said, “is worth more than a river of gold in itself, and to me it is beyond price. That stone of all the treasure I name unto myself, and I will be avenged on anyone who finds it and withholds it.”

Bilbo heard these words and he grew afraid, wondering what would happen, if the stone was found—wrapped in an old bundle of tattered oddments that he used as a pillow. All the same he did not speak of it, for as the weariness of the days grew heavier, the beginnings of a plan had come into his little head.


[ printable .pdf ]

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Bilbo found the Arkenstone but chose to hide it from Thorin. Why do you think he made this decision? What would you have done in his place?
  2. Thorin's desire for the Arkenstone is driving him mad. How is this shown in the movie? What does Thorin do that shows he is going mad? Try to think of three specific examples.
  3. Why do none of the dwarves challange Thorin or tell him that he is acting irrationally?
  4. Thorin is already king. He has a mountain of gold and jewels. Why is the Arkenstone so important to him?
  5. Thorin calls Bilbo's acorn a poor prize. Do you agree? Why does Bilbo like it?
  6. What prize would you want from Bilbo's adventure? (You can choose from anything in the previous videos or the book.) Why would you choose it? Remember that the ring makes you invisible but it also means Sauron is hunting you.
  7. Thorin promised to share the wealth of the mountain with the people of Laketown in exchange for their help. Do you think he will keep his promise? Why?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Ori: What was that? What happened?

Bilbo: It fell, I saw it. It's dead. Smaug is dead.

Gloin: By my beard, I think he’s right! Look there! The Ravens of Erebor are returning to the Mountain.

Balin: Aye, word will spread. Before long, every soul in Middle Earth will know the Dragon is dead!


Thorin: Any sign of it?

Bifur: Nothing here.

Ori: Nothing here.

Thorin: Keep searching!

Dwalin: That jewel could be anywhere.

Thorin: The Arkenstone is in these halls. Find it!

Dwalin: You heard him, keep looking.

Thorin: All of you! No one rests until it is found!


Thorin: It is here in these halls, I know it.

Dwalin: We have searched and searched.

Thorin: Not well enough.

Dwalin: Thorin, we all would see the stone returned.

Thorin: And yet it’s still not found!

Balin: Do you doubt the loyalty of anyone here?

Balin: The Arkenstone is the birthright of our people.

Thorin: It is the King’s jewel. Am I not the King?!


Balin: Dragon sickness. I’ve seen it before. That look, the terrible need. It is a fierce and jealous love, Bilbo. It sent his grandfather mad.

Bilbo: Balin, if Thorin had the Arkenstone. Well, if it was found, would it help?

Balin: I fear it would make him worse. Perhaps it is best it remains lost.


Thorin: What is that?

Thorin: In your hand.

Bilbo: It’s nothing.

Thorin: Show me.

Bilbo: I picked it up in Beorn’s garden.

Thorin: You’ve carried it all this way?

Bilbo: I’m going to plant it in my garden. In Bag End.

Thorin: It’s a poor prize to take back to the Shire.

Bilbo: One day it’ll grow, and every time I look at it, I’ll remember. Remember everything that happened: the good, the bad and how lucky I am that I made it home.

Bilbo: Thorin, I…

Dwalin: Thorin, the survivors from Lake-town, they’re streaming into Dale. There’s hundreds of them.