Learn English with Friends

Phoebe the Secretary (1)


icon
Published: 8.10.2021   [ UPDATED MAR 2024 ]
Level 3   |   Time: 2:21
Accent: American
Source: Friends [S1 E22]

Improve your English with an ESL listening lesson from Friends. In this clip, Phoebe becomes Chandler's new secretary.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ operate [v] - use
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a drill press [n] - a large machine used to drill holes. [image] ESL Vocab - a drill press
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a large portion of [exp] - a lot of, most of
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ in reference to [exp] - about, regarding
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ I'll see that... [exp] - I will make sure that..., I will ensure that...
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ short-term work [n] - a temporary job

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


picture picture
Phoebe Chandler
  • Rachel, Phoebe, Monica, Chandler, Joey and Ross are good friends.
  • Phoebe works as a massage therapist.
  • Chandler is a manager in an office.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas


  1. Phoebe needs some short-time work.
    True
    False

  2. Chandler recently fired his secretary and needs to hire a new secretary permanently.
    True
    False

  3. Chandler thinks Phoebe would be ideal for the job.
    True
    False

  4. Chandler is too busy to talk on the phone.
    True
    False

  5. Phoebe takes a message from Ross.
    True
    False

  6. Chandler wants to keep chatting with Phoebe.
    True
    False

  7. Chandler seems happy that he hired Phoebe.
    True
    False



triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática Gramática (aux. verbs)


Directions: 1) Read the conversation and choose the word or expression that you think is best. 2) Listen again and check your answers.

Instrucciones: 1) Lea la conversación y elija la palabra o expresión que crea que es mejor. 2) Escuche y verifique sus respuestas.

Instrucciones: 1) Leia a conversa e escolha a palavra ou expressão que você criou que é melhor. 2) Ouça e verifique suas respostas.

지시 사항 : 1) 대화를 읽고 가장 적절하다고 생각되는 단어나 표현을 고르세요. 2) 답변을 듣고 확인합니다.


  • (Can) you see me operating a drill press?
  • I (don't) know. What (are) you wearing?
  • Pheebs, why (would) you want to operate a drill press?
  • You know, so I (can) get back some of my clients.
  • Hey, hey, Chan. She (could) work for you.
  • I (could) do it. What is it?
  • Well, my secretary (is going to) be out for a couple of weeks.
  • She (is) having one of her boobs reduced.
  • I (could) be a secretary.
  • Well, you know Pheebs. I (don't) know if it's your kind of thing.
  • (Can) you hear that?
  • See that (will) stop when you pick up the phone.
  • (Will) he know what this is in reference to?
  • All right, what (do) we do now?
  • Well, now, I actually (have to) get to work.
  • Okay, I (am going to) be out there.
  • What (are) you doing?



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Phoebe / need / find / short / term / work / because / she / recent / lose / some / massage / client


Phoebe needs to find (some) short-term work because she (has) recently lost some (of her) massage clients.



Sentence 2

Chandler / need / hire / part / time / secretary / because / secretary / will / out / couple / week


Chandler needs to hire a part-time secretary because his secretary will be out for a couple of weeks.



Sentence 3

Joey / suggest / Phoebe / work / Chandler


Joey suggests (that) Phoebe (should) work for Chandler.



Sentence 4

Chandler / tell / Phoebe / job / require / her / normal / large / portion / day


Chandler tells Phoebe (that) the job requires her to be normal for large portions of the day.
Chandler tells Phoebe (that) the job requires her to be normal for a large portion of the day.



Sentence 5

Chandler / decide / hire / Phoebe / after / she / tell / him / she / can / normal


Chandler decides to hire Phoebe after she tells him (that) she can be normal.



Sentence 6

Chandler / remind / Phoebe / she / have / answer / phone


Chandler reminds Phoebe (that) she has to answer the phone.



Sentence 7

Phoebe / take / message / Ross


Phoebe takes a message from Ross.



Sentence 8

Chandler / ask / Phoebe / leave / office / that / he / can / get / work


Chandler asks Phoebe to leave his office so that he can get to work.
Chandler asks Phoebe to leave his office so that he can get some work done.



Sentence 9

Phoebe / call / Chandler / ask / him / what / he / do


Phoebe calls Chandler to ask (him) what he is doing.
Phoebe calls Chandler and asks (him) what he is doing.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir


Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.



ə = the weak vowel sound in "but", "the", and "of" (schwa).


Clip 1

Can you see me operating a drill press?
[ Cn-you-see-me   operating   a-drill-press? }



Clip 2

I don't know. What are you wearing?
[I-dunno.   Whadder-yə-wearen? ]



Clip 3

Hey, hey, Chan. She could work for you.
[ Hey,   Hey.   Chan.   She   could-work   fər-you. ]



Clip 4

Thanks, Joey. that's a good idea.
[ Thanks,   Joey.   Thats   ə-good   idea. ]



Clip 5

Well, my secretary is going to be out for a couple of weeks.
[ Well,   my-secretary's   gonnə-be-out   fər-ə-couple-ə   weeks. ]



Clip 6

Can you hear that?
[ Cn-you-hear   that? ]



Clip 7

See, that'll stop when you pick up the phone.
[ See,   that'll-stop   when-yə   pick-up   the-phone. ]



Clip 8

Mr. Bing's office. No, I'm sorry. He's in a meeting right now.
[ Mr.   Bing's-office.   No,   I'm   sorry.   He's-in-a-meeting   right   now. ]



Clip 9

Will he know what this is in reference to? And he has your number?
[ Will   he   know   what   this-is-in   reference   to?   And-ee-as   yər-number? ]



Clip 10

All right, I'll see that he gets the message. Bye bye.
[ Alright,   I'll-see   that-ee-gets   the-message.   Bye-bye. ]



Clip 11

All right, what do we do now?
[ Alright,   whaddəwe   do   now? ]



Clip 12

Well, now, I actually have to get to work.
[ Well,   now,   I   actually   haftə   gettə   work.



Clip 13

I'm going to be out there.
[ I'm   gonnə-be   out   there. ]



Clip 14

What are you doing?
[ Whatchə-doen? ]



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Chandler doesn't seem to want to hire Phoebe. Why? If you were Chandler, would you hire her?
  2. Would you consider working for a friend? What would be the good and bad points?
  3. Would you consider hiring a friend? What would be the good and bad points?
  4. Do you prefer blue collar (labor) or white collar (office) work? Why?
  5. What was your worst short-term or part-time job? Why was it so bad?

  6. This video has some of the most common pronunciation reductions in English:

    /doen/ /dunno/ /gimme/ /gonna/ /hafta/ /kinda/ /watcha/ /whadawe/ /wanna/ /yaknow/

    What does each of these expressions actually mean (i.e. gonna = going to) Can you find an example of each one in the script?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Phoebe: Eew. Give me! Can you see me operating a drill press?

Joey: I don't know. What are you wearing?

Ross: Pheebs, why would you want to operate a drill press?

Phoebe: Just for some short-term work. You know, so I can get back some of my clients.

Joey: Hey, hey, Chan. She could work for you.

Chandler: Thanks Joey, that's a good idea.

Phoebe: What? I could, I could do it. What is it?

Chandler: Well, my secretary is going to be out for a couple of weeks. She is having one of her boobs reduced. It's a whole big boob story.

Phoebe: I could be a secretary.

Chandler: Well, you know Pheebs, I don't know if it's your kind of thing because it involves a lot of being normal for a large portion of the day.

Phoebe: I could do that.


Chandler: Can you hear that?

Phoebe: Yeah?

Chandler: See, that'll stop when you pick up the phone.

Phoebe: Oh. Oooh, I'm on.

Phoebe: Mr. Bing's office. No, I'm sorry. He's in a meeting right now.

Phoebe: Will he know what this is in reference to? And he has your number? All right, I'll see that he gets the message. Bye bye.

Chandler: What?

Phoebe: Ross says hi.

Chandler: Ah!

Phoebe: This is so fun. All right, what do we do now?

Chandler: Well, now, I actually have to get to work.

Phoebe: Most likely. Okay, I'm going to be out there.

Chandler: Okay.

Phoebe: All right. Bye bye.

Chandler: Bye bye.

Chandler: Yes?

Phoebe: Whatcha doin'? (What are you doing?)

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