Learn English with Modern Family

#20. The Christmas Tree

Published: 12.14.2023
Level 4   |   Time: 3:23
Accent: American
Source: Modern Family [S5 E10]

Jay takes Manny out to find the perfect Christmas tree.


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fiber-optic [adj] - flexible glass or plastic fiber that can transmit light [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ It takes some getting used to. [exp] - It takes a some time to become accustomed to it.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ eggnog [n] - a drink made of milk, sugar, and eggs
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Perry Como [n] - a famous American singer from the 1960s and 1970s [ link ]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Bing (Crosby) [n] - a famous American singer from the 1920s to 1970s [ link ]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a hi-fi [n] - a record player or turntable [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ make up [phv] - create, invent
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ draw a line in the sand [exp] - decide that there are some things that you will never do or accept
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an axe [n] - a tool used for cutting down trees (also: an ax) [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ She's just not that into you. [exp] - She doesn't seem to like you.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cigar [n] - a roll of tobacco leaves prepared for smoking [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get (into) a groove [exp] - start doing something properly and continuously
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ budge [v] - move
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ stuck [adj] - unable to move (or remove)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ I got it. [exp] - I have an idea.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ snap [v] - break suddenly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a blade [n] - a tool used for cutting
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hit the gas [exp] - drive (a car) faster
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bald [adj] - having no hair (or no branches) [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ comb over [phv] - push hair (or branches) to a bald area to cover it up [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ branches [n] - the arms of a tree [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ in hindsight [exp] - looking back (to the past)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a jack [n] - a tool used to lift a car so that one can change the tire [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ split [v] - divide into two (or many) parts
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a trunk [n] - the bottom thick part of a tree [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an axe-head [n] - the steel or stone part of an axe (not the handle) [image] vocab image

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes

Jay Manny
Jay Manny
  • It is Christmas time.
  • Jay is Manny's stepfather.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]


These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.


Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.


이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.

  1. Jay prefers ______ Christmas trees.

  2. Manny thinks a fiber-optic tree is ______.
    too expensive
    more beautiful
    better for the environment

  3. Jay associates Christmas with ______ and ______.
    old music
    giving gifts
    time with family

  4. Jay wants to ______.
    cut down the first tree they see
    find the tree he planted with his dad
    take some time and find the perfect tree

  5. Jay used to celebrate finding a Christmas tree by ______ with his father.

  6. Jay wants to ______.
    set the tree on fire
    use the tree to make a saw
    remove his tools from the tree

  7. After they make one side of the tree bald, Jay suggests ______.
    burning the tree
    finding another tree
    moving some branches

  8. Manny suggests using a carjack to ______.
    apply upward pressure to the axe-head
    remove Jay's saw from the trunk
    push the car onto the tree

  9. They plan to ______ when they describe how they got the tree.
    be honest

  10. The tree may be dangerous because _______.
    the branches are weak
    the saw is still in the trunk
    the tree could catch on fire

triangle Vocabulary Accuracy 어휘 정확성 Precisão de Vocabulário Vocabulario precisión

Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

Instrucciones: Escolha a palavra ou expressão que melhor completa a frase.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.

  • Manny admits that fake Christmas trees might (take some getting used to) .
    → require some time to be accepted
  • Jay (draws a line in the sand) when Manny tries to make him use a fake tree.
    → refuses to accept it, decides to fight against it
  • It takes Manny and Jay a few seconds (to get in a groove) when they are using the saw.
    → to work with a natural rhythm
  • Jay suggests that they can (comb over) some branches to cover the bald spot on the tree.
    → move hair (or branches) to cover a bald area

triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]


This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)


Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).


이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.

Sentence 1

Jay / start / complain / because / Manny / put / up / fiber / optic / Christmas / tree

Jay starts [complaining/to complain] because Manny has put up a fiber-optic Christmas tree.

Sentence 2

Manny / try / point / out / fake / tree / way / better / environment / than / real / one

Manny tries to point out (that) a fake tree is way better for the environment than a real one.
Manny tries to point out (that) fake trees are way better for the environment than real ones.

Sentence 3

Jay / want / cut / down / real / tree / like / he / do / when / he / kid

Jay wants to cut down a real tree like he did when he was a kid.
Jay wants to cut down a real tree like he used to do when was a kid.

Sentence 4

after / hike / hour / they / choose / tree / next / car

After hiking for an hour, they choose a tree (that is) next to [the/their] car.

Sentence 5

they / fail / cut / down / tree / use / both / axe / saw

They fail to cut down the tree using both an axe and a saw.

Sentence 6

Jay / not / want / give / up / because / tool / still / stuck / trunk / tree

Jay doesn't want to give up because his tools are still stuck in the trunk of the tree.

Sentence 7

Jay / try / use / rope / attach / car / pull / down / tree

Jay tries to use a rope (that is) attached to his car to pull down the tree.

Sentence 8

however / he / just / strip / all / branch / one / side / leave / it / bald

However, he just strips all (of) the branches [from/off] one side, leaving it bald.
However, he just strips all (of) the branches [from/off] one side, which leaves it bald.

Sentence 9

as / they / discuss / what / do / next / their / car / roll / down / hill / and / knock / over / tree

As they are discussing what to do next, their car rolls down [a/the] hill and knocks over the tree.
As they are discussing what they should do next, their car rolls down [a/the] hill and knocks over the tree.

Sentence 10

they / agree / lie / how / they / get / tree

They agree to lie about how they got the tree.

triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat

This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir

Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.

Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.

Clip 1

What the hell is that?

Clip 2

It's way better for the environment than a real one.

Clip 3

Look, I admit, it takes some getting used to.

Clip 4

Why do we keep changing things that don't need changing?

Clip 5

I'm drawing a line in the sand. We're going to get a real tree, and we're going to cut it down like I did when I was a kid.

Clip 6

I know we've been hiking for an hour, but (it's) worth it when you look at this beauty, huh?

Clip 7

So you're arguing that we walked entirely around the earth?

Clip 8

She's just not that into you.

Clip 9

I was just a kid, so I'd have a cigarette.

Clip 10

(What) The hell is this wood made of? They ought to make saws out of it!

Clip 11

Besides, all my tools are stuck in it.

Clip 12

It'll be fine! We'll just comb over some branches!

Clip 13

So what do we do now?

Clip 14

Of course. The upward motion will split the trunk.

Clip 15

We can always tell people that's how we did it.

Clip 16

You're going to want to keep your brother away from that, huh?

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. What is Manny's reason for choosing a fiber-optic tree over a real one? Do you agree with him?
  2. What are some things that Manny and Jay say and do that show they are from different generations?
  3. What was Manny's final idea? Can you explain (or draw it) clearly? Do you think it would have worked?
  4. What things does Jay associate with Christmas? What things do you associate with Christmas?
  5. Does your family have any unique Christmas (or other holiday) traditions (something unique to your family)? What are these traditions, and how did they start?
  6. What is your most vivid childhood Christmas memory?
  7. What does Manny mean when he says, "The best stuff has a story behind it"? Do you agree with this statement? Can you share a personal example?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

Jay: What the hell is that?

Manny: A fiber-optic tree. It's way better for the environment than a real one.

Jay: Not if the environment is my living room.

Manny: Look, I admit, it takes some getting used to, but so did Greek yogurt. Now I can't even remember how the old stuff tastes.

Jay: Why do we keep changing things that don't need changing? Christmas is real trees and eggnog, Perry Como and Bing on the hi-fi.

Manny: Now you're just making up words.

Jay: I'm drawing a line in the sand. We're going to get a real tree, and we're going to cut it down like I did when I was a kid. Follow me.

Claire: Hi, dad.

Jay: Can't talk. Saving Christmas.

Claire: Oh.

Jay: No. Bang. I know we've been hiking for an hour, but (it's) worth it when you look at this beauty, huh? That's why you don't cut down the first tree you see.

Manny: This is literally the first tree we saw. There's our car.

Jay: No, we started that way.

Manny: So, you're arguing that we walked entirely around the earth?

Jay: Give me the axe.

Jay: Don't give me that look. Trees are like women. The best ones make you work a little bit harder.

Manny: She's just not that into you.

Jay: Pull! Pull! Pull! Yeah. Hey, take a break.

Manny: This is taking forever.

Jay: It's supposed to. (It) Took my dad and I all day to get a tree. And when he finally brought her down, he used to celebrate with a cigar. I was just a kid, so I'd have a cigarette.

Jay: All right. Grab the other end. There we go. Now we got a groove. Yeah. There we --

Manny: It won't budge!

Jay: (What) The hell is this wood made of? They ought to make saws out of it!

Manny: Let's face it. The tree's beaten us.

Jay: Hey, we're Pritchetts. We don't quit. Besides, all my tools are stuck in it.

Jay: I got it. It's simple physics. A little pressure, the thing will snap where we put the blade in. Done.

Manny: Just hit the gas.

Jay: It's working. That's why they call it Yankee engine-- Get down!

Manny: It's bald on one side now!

Jay: It'll be fine! We'll just comb over some branches!

Jay: In hindsight, the cigar was a mistake.

Manny: So, what do we do now?

Jay: We go home.

Manny: I thought Pritchetts never give up.

Jay: They know when to give up, which is its own kind of victory.

Manny: Unless...

Jay: What?

Manny: No it's crazy. Unless...

Jay: Are you really going to make me ask you again?

Manny: We somehow apply pressure to the axe-head already in the tree. I bet we can use the jack from the car.

Jay: Of course. The upward motion will split the trunk.

Manny: Yeah.

Manny: We can always tell people that's how we did it.

Jay: That is how we did it.

Voice: People love getting new things, but the best stuff has a story behind it.

Jay: Damn fine tree.

Manny: Except the saw's still stuck in the truck.

Jay: Yeah, you're going to want to keep your brother away from that, huh?