Learn English with BBC News

School for Tired Teens

Published: 8.09.2017
Level 4   |   Time: 2:42
Accent: British

A BBC news story about a school that delays classes until the afternoon to allow older students to sleep later and study more effectively.


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder a todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na preparação para o teste, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura de frases.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ half past one [exp] - 1:30
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ body clock [exp] - the internal clock of the body (circadian rhythm, biorhythm)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ The cards are stacked against them. [exp] - It is a difficult situation. They unlikey to be successful
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ overriding nature [exp] - the part of the brain that controls sleep
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sixth formers [n] - high school students
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the hypothalamus [n] - a part of the brain
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the super charismatic nuclei [n] - a part of the brain
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ adolescence [exp] - teenage years
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an adolescent [n] - a teenager
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a whole range of [exp] - many different
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ chronically sleep deprived [exp] - always not getting enough sleep
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ timetable [exp] - schedule

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]


These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.


Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.


이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.

  1. Why is Cassie still in bed?
    She is sick.
    She hates school.
    Her school starts later than most other schools.

  2. What are the hours for Cassie's school?
    7:30am to 1:00pm
    9:30am to 3:00pm
    1:30pm to 7:00pm

  3. Why is the relationship between Cassie and her mother better?
    Her mother doesn't have to wake her up anymore.
    Her school grades are much better now.
    She helps her mother with house chores more now.

  4. According to Cassie's mother, how is Cassie different now?
    She studies much harder.
    She doesn't look tired anymore.
    She is more polite and helpful.

  5. Why did they change the start time at the school?
    Because the students are lazy.
    Because the students used to come late every day.
    Because research shows it is better for the students.

  6. How are most students "overriding nature"?
    By getting up so early.
    By getting up so late.
    By getting too much sleep.

  7. How is the body clock of an adolescent different from that of an adult?
    It makes adolescents want to sleep earlier.
    It makes adolescents want to sleep later.
    It makes adolescents want to sleep more.

  8. A 7:00 am start time for a teenager is equivalent to a ___ for an adult.

  9. What effects (from the school's later hours) do the students mention?
    Using smartphone less during class
    Doing more chores
    Kinder in the morning
    Doing more homework
    Socializing more
    Easier to concentrate

  10. What problem do older teenagers usually face?
    Getting sick more often due to lack of sleep.
    Always going to school without enough sleep.
    Not having enough time to sleep and study.

  11. What effect has the school had on the students' exam results?
    It is still unknown.
    Their grades were a little better.
    Their grades were a lot better.

triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras.

Instrucciones: Escreva orações sobre o videoclipe usando as palavras-chave. Você pode alterar a forma da palavra ou adicionar palavras, mas não pode alterar a ordem das palavras.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다.

Sentence 1

it / 9am / Cassie / still / bed

It is 9am, and Cassie is still in bed.

Sentence 2

Cassie / school / run / 1:30 / afternoon / 7:00 / evening

Cassie's school runs from 1:30 in the afternoon to 7:00 in the evening.

Sentence 3

Cassie / mother / think / daughter / seem / happy / healthy

Cassie's mother thinks (that) her daughter seems happier and healthier.

Sentence 4

school / change / start / time / base / 20 / year / research / teenage / body / clock

The school changed the start time based on 20 years of research into the teenage body clock.

Sentence 5

body / clock / teenager / two / three / hour / late / than / adult

The body clock for teenagers is two [to/or] three hours later than for adults.

Sentence 6

wake / 7:00 am / teenager / like / wake / 4:30 am / adult

Waking up at 7:00 am for a teenager is like waking up at 4:30 am for an adult.
Waking up at 7:00 am for teenagers is like waking up at 4:30 am for adults.

Sentence 7

one / student / say / he / be / nice / and / co-operate / since / change

One student says (that) he has been nicer and more co-operative since the change.

Sentence 8

other / student / say / he / find / it / easy / concentrate / lesson / and / focus / work / he / have / do

Another student says (that) he finds it easier to concentrate on lessons and focus on the work (that/which) he has to do.

Sentence 9

teenager / particular / old / teenager / go / school / chronically / sleep / deprive

Teenagers, particularly older teenagers, are going to school chronically sleep deprived.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. Why did the school shift the start time of its classes?
  2. What effects did the students report?
  3. Do you think this is a good idea? What are the advantages and disadvantages?
  4. What time did you start class when you were in high school? How did you feel in the morning?
  5. If your high school had started at 1:30 pm, would you have been happier and healthier? What time would you have woken up? What would you have done in the morning?
  6. What time do you wake up now? How do you feel in the morning?
  7. What is your ideal wake up time? Why?
  8. What time of day do you feel most productive?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

9:00 in the morning and Cassie is still in bed. Most schools have already started for the day. But Cassie’s school now start later, much later. It runs from half past one in the afternoon until seven in the evening. Waking up later and getting more sleep has had a dramatic impact on life at home.

I used to get really annoyed from my mom trying to wake me up. Sorry, but now she doesn't really have to. I can just do it on my own.

I don’t see her looking tired. You know even if you're dirty, you feel tired and likely you know scuffy to someone. She’s much better.

They've changed the start time at Cassie's school not because they think they're sixth formers are lazy. The decision is based on more than 20 years of research into the teenage body clock.

The cards really are stacked against them because they are overriding nature by getting up quote early in the morning in order to be on time to school.

Overriding nature? What is the science here? We asked the students to explain it.

Our body clock is located in the brain, in the hypothalamus, and specifically in the super charismatic nuclei. These stars are responsible for all our 24 hour timing systems in the human body.

In adolescence as the brain continues to grow and develop, the body clock shifts to two to three hours later.

A 7:00 start time for a teenager is equivalent to a 4:30 wake up time for an adult.

I definitely think I'm less of a classic teenager. In the mornings. I've been a lot more co-operative and a lot nicer and I'll often be helping out, and I’ll often be doing chores out of a want rather than a requirement.

In my old school timetable, I felt kind of grumpy in the morning, but then I would wear out. But now it's just I'm feeling it all around cause I've got good sleep and good quality of sleep.

I find it easier to concentrate on lessons whereas before I'd sometimes be falling asleep in the first few hours of the morning. Here, it's so much easier to concentrate and just to focus on the work that I have to do.

Schools on a day to day basis are dealing with a whole range of issues, sometimes mental health issues. I would argue there's a public health issue really in terms of a nation of teenagers, particularly older teenagers, that are going to school chronically sleep deprived.

It's too early to say if the changes here will mean students do better in their exams. But it's hoped a wider study by Oxford University will help other schools to decide whether to change their timetable. Graeme Satchell - BBC News.