Learn English with Friends

#26. Valentine's Ritual

Published: 2.12.2024
Level 4   |   Time: 4:27
Accent: American
Source: Friends [S1 E14]

On Valentine's Day, the girls decide to perform a ritual to try to change their bad luck with men.

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ dump [v] - break up with, end a relationship
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ creepy [adj] - causing an unpleasant feeling of fear
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ frightening [adj] - scary
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ magnets [n] - pieces of metal that attract other pieces of metal
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ shaves her head [exp] - removes all the hair from her head
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ voluntarily [adv] - by choice, not an obligation
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bald [adj] - having no hair [image] ESL Vocab - bald
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a ritual [n] - a ceremony
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ chant [v] - similar to sing but without music
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ burn [v] - light on fire
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sage branches [n] - part of a sage tree [image] ESL Vocab - sage
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sacramental wine [n] - wine used in religious ceremonies
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ oregano [n] - a type of spice
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Fresca [n] - a type of soda [image] ESL Vocab - Fresca
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ boxer shorts [n] - men's underwear [image] ESL Vocab - boxers
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grappa [n] - a type of Italian brandy (strong alcohol) [image] ESL Vocab - grappa
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ half-charred [adj] - half-burned
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a bonfire [n] - a large fire that is (usually) made outside to burn unwanted things [image] ESL Vocab - a bonfire
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get out of control [exp] - lose control
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get off [phv] - finish work
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pick (you) up [phv] - come to your house to meet you and take you somewhere
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cleansing [n] - a ritual or ceremony to clean the spirit or soul

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes

Monica from Friends Rachel from Friends Phoebe from Friends
Monica Rachel Phoebe
  • Valentine's Day is coming soon.
  • The girls are all single and have had a lot of bad luck with men recently.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas

  1. Phoebe ______ Roger.
    was dumped by

  2. Phoebe says that Roger was ______.

  3. Rachel says that Pete Carney used to ______ after sex.
    run away
    fall asleep
    smoke a cigarette

  4. Monica ______ "won" when he was with Howard.

  5. Phoebe's friend Abby is bald ______.
    by choice
    because of her job
    because she is sick

  6. For the cleansing ritual, they can ______ or ______.
    burn things from ex-boyfriends
    give away something important
    talk to dead ancestors
    chant and dance naked
    drink special wine

  7. During the ritual, they use Fresca instead of ______.

  8. They also use oregano instead of ______.

  9. They throw ______, ______, and ______ into the fire.
    a book
    a photo
    some food
    men's hair
    boxer shorts
    a dinner receipt

  10. Scotty Jared is special because ______.
    he has a nice sweater
    he looks good naked
    he is very hairy

  11. The fireman have already put out _____ other "boyfriend bonfires" this night.

  12. The firemean will finish work around ______.
    10 pm
    11 pm
    12 am

  13. The girls think that the cleansing worked because _______.
    they feel better
    they have dates
    they met some nice guys
    the firemen are handsome

  14. The fireman are all ______.

triangle Vocabulary Review 어휘 검토 Revisão de vocabulário Vocabulario revisión

Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

Instrucciones: Escolha a palavra ou expressão que melhor completa a frase.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.

  • Roger wants to (take Phoebe out) tomorrow night.

  • Phoebe (dumped) the guy last week because he was creepy and mean.

  • Monica seems to (go out with) a creepy guy every night of the week.

  • Rachel wants to know why they always seem to (end up with) jerks.

  • Pheobe says they can burn stuff or (chant) and dance around naked with sticks.

  • Their bad boyfriend bonfire (gets out) of control.

  • The fireman (get off) around midnight.

  • They offer to come (pick up) the girls after they finish work.

triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat

This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir

Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.

Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.

Clip 1

Roger wants to take her out tomorrow night.

Clip 2

Don't you remember why you dumped the guy?

Clip 3

Phoebe, you can go out with a creepy guy any night of the year. I know I do.

Clip 4

I went out with the guy for two months. I didn't get to win once.

Clip 5

You know my friend Abby who shaves her head?

Clip 6

She says that if you want to break the bad boyfriend cycle, you can do, like, a cleansing ritual.

Clip 7

Can we just start throwing things in?

Clip 8

Hey, he's wearing a sweater.

Clip 9

Wow, that guy is hairier than the Chief!

Clip 10

It's all right. It's all right. You don't have to explain.

Clip 11

This isn't the first boyfriend bonfire that we've seen get out of control.

Clip 12

We get off around midnight. Why don't we pick you up then?

Clip 13

I'll even let you ring the bell.

Clip 14

(Did) You guys tell them you were married?

Clip 15

Are you kidding? My girlfriend doesn't know. I'm not going to tell them!

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. Monica, Rachel, and Phoebe each describe a past bad relationship. Can you remember why they disliked each guy?
  2. If you are a Friends expert, can you remember some other bad past relationships for each of the three women?
  3. Can you remember four things that they threw into the fire?
  4. If you were participating in this ritual, what would you want to throw into the fire?
  5. Phoebe seems to prefer to be on a bad date than be alone on Valentine's Day. Do you agree? Why or why not?
  6. Have you ever heard of or participated in any cultural rituals or practices aimed at bringing positive changes into your life? If so, what was it like? Did it work?
  7. Monica mentions that they might be "some kind of magnets" for attracting bad boyfriends. Do you believe that some people attract bad people into their lives? Why or why not?
  8. The firefighters who arrive at the scene are portrayed as attractive and charming, a common American stereotype. Is this image of firefighters similar in your country? What jobs generally have an attractive image?
  9. What qualities do you think Monica, Rachel, and Phoebe are looking for in a partner?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

Monica: You cannot do this.

Rachel: Do what? Do what?

Monica: Roger wants to take her out tomorrow night.

Rachel: No! Phoebes! Don't you remember why you dumped the guy?

Phoebe: Because he was creepy, and mean, and a little frightening. Alright, still, it's nice to have a date on Valentine's Day!

Monica: But Phoebe, you can go out with a creepy guy any night of the year. I know I do.

Rachel: Ok, ok, Roger was creepy, but he was nothing compared to Pete Carney.

Monica: Which one was Pete Carney?

Rachel: Pete the Weeper? Remember that guy who used to cry every time we had sex. "Was it good for you?"

Monica: Yeah, well, I'll take a little crying any day over Howard-the-I-win-guy. "I win! I win!" I went out with the guy for two months. I didn't get to win once.

Rachel: How did we end up with these jerks? We're good people!

Monica: I don't know. Maybe we're some kind of magnets.

Phoebe: Oh! You know my friend Abby who shaves her head? She says that if you want to break the bad boyfriend cycle, you can do, like, a cleansing ritual.

Rachel: Pheebes, this woman is voluntarily bald.

Phoebe: Yeah. So, we can do it tomorrow night, you guys. It's Valentine's Day. It's perfect.

Monica: Ok, well, what kind of ritual?

Phoebe: Ok. We can, um, we can burn the stuff they gave us.

Rachel: Or?

Phoebe: Or...or we can chant and dance around naked, you know, with sticks.

Monica: Burning's good.

Rachel: Burning's good.

Phoebe: Ok, so now we need, um sage branches and the sacramental wine.

Monica: All I have is, is oregano and a Fresca.

Phoebe: Um, that's ok!

Monica: Can we just start throwing things in?

Phoebe: Ok, yeah, ok. Oh, OK.

Rachel: Ok, Barry's letters. Adam Ritter's boxer shorts.

Phoebe: Ok, and I have the receipt for my dinner with Nokululu Oon Ah Ah.

Monica: Look, here's a picture of Scotty Jared naked.

Phoebe: Let me see.

Rachel: Hey he's wearing a sweater.

Monica: No.

Rachel and Phoebe: Eww!

Rachel: And here we have the last of Paulo's grappa.

Monica: Hey, Rachel, isn't that stuff almost pure...

Fireman No. 1: What do we got there?

Fireman No. 2: A piece of something. Boxer shorts, greeting cards, and what looks like a half-charred picture... Wow, that guy is hairier than the Chief!

Monica: You know, it's a really funny story how this happened.

Fireman No. 3: It's all right. It's all right. You don't have to explain. This isn't the first boyfriend bonfire that we've seen get out of control.

Fireman No. 1: You're our third call tonight.

Rachel: Really?

Fireman No. 2: Oh, sure, Valentine's is our busiest night of the year.

Fireman No. 3: We get off around midnight. Why don't we pick you up then?

Rachel: So, um, will you bring the truck?

Fireman No. 3: I'll even let you ring the bell.

Rachel: Oh, my god.

Phoebe: See, there you go. The cleansing works!

Monica: They're nice guys.

Rachel: Oh, they're firemen guys.

Fireman No. 1: You guys tell them you were married?

Fireman No. 2: No way!

Fireman No. 3: Are you kidding? My girlfriend doesn't know. I'm not going to tell them!

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