Learn English with The Office

#3. Someone to Fire


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Published: 07.29.2019
Level 4   |   Time: 2:26
Accent: American

Michael has to choose someone to fire.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ let (someone) go [phv] - fire (someone)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ somehow [adv] - in some way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ returning... [exp] - return a phone call
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ call (someone) back [phv] - return a phone call
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hang up [phv] - end a phone call
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ not have the slightest clue [exp] - not have any idea (not know)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ be run over [phv] - be hit (by a car or bus or vehicle)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ give (someone) a dirty look [exp] - look at someone in a mean or unfriendly way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ essence [n] - the true nature, meaning or value or something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ therein lies [adv] - in that way is, because of that
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ charisma [n] - attractiveness or charm that can inspire devotion in others
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ roleplay [v] - act or perform the part of a person or character
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ purely [adv] - entirely, 100%
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ budgetary [adj] - related to budget or money

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


picture picture
Michael Jim
  • Michael is the branch manager (boss) at a paper company.
  • Jim is a paper salesperson.
  • Jan is Michael's boss at corporate headquarters.
  • Sherry is Jan's receptionist.
  • Creed is another employee in Michael's office.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.

Perguntas

Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.


  1. Why are people wearing costumes?
    Because someone will be fired.
    Because it is Halloween.
    Because there will be a party tonight.

  2. Who recently called Michael?
    Jan
    Jim
    Sherry

  3. What does she want Michael to do?
    Tell her who he fired.
    Fire Sherry
    Talk to Jim.

  4. Why can't Michael talk to Jan?
    He is scared of her.
    She doesn't like him.
    She is in a meeting.

  5. When does Michael plan to tell Jan who he is going to fire?
    Never
    Now
    At the end of the day

  6. Who does Michael want to fire?
    Sherry
    Jim
    Creed

  7. What are the things that Jim thinks that Michael wants to happen?
    Michael gets fired.
    Someone gets hit by a bus.
    Someone volunteers to quit.
    Someone gives him a dirty look.

  8. According to Jim, how will Michael choose who to fire?
    He will fire someone who looks at him unkindly.
    He will fire someone who doesn't have charisma.
    He will fire someone who rides a bus.
    He will fire someone who doesn't do volunteer work.

  9. Why does Michael call Jim into his office?
    To fire Jim.
    To ask for Jim's help.
    To ask Jim to choose someone.

  10. Why do Michael and Jim switch seats?
    Because Jim is taller than Michael.
    So that Jim can pretend to be the boss.
    In order to scare Jim.

  11. How does Michael react when Jim says that he is fired?
    He overreacts.
    He screams and yells.
    He says he wants to kill himself.
    He thanks Jim for being honest.



triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática Gramática (direct/indirect questions)


Directions: Choose the verb form that best completes the sentence.

  • Happy Halloween. Jan called.
  • I know (why she is) calling. It's the end of the month, and I was supposed to let somebody go by the end of the month. And somehow I'm supposed to put on a costume and smile.
  • Okay.
  • Jan Levinson's office.
  • Hey, Sherry, Michael Scott returning.
  • Oh, she's in a meeting. She just wanted the name of the employee you let go.
  • Well, I'm going to wait until the end of the day because the book said it's best to wait until the end of the day.
  • I just need the name of (who you are) planning to let go.
  • I don't know yet. I will have to call her back.
  • I know (she wanted) the name.
  • Okay, Sherry?
  • Yeah.
  • If you were getting fired, (how would you) want to be told so (that you could) still be friends with the person firing you?
  • Jan wants the name as soon as possible, Michael.
  • Thanks. I'll call her back. I wish I could fire Sherry.
  • Hey, I'm still here.
  • Okay. I'm sorry.

  • Honestly, I don't think (Michael has) the slightest clue of (who he is) going to fire. I think he keeps hoping (that someone is) going to volunteer, or be run over by a bus before the deadline. But in the end, really, what is going to happen is it's going to be the first person to give him a dirty look in the hall. And therein lies the true essence of his charisma.
  • (Can I speak) to you a minute?
  • Yes.
  • Michael, I really didn't mean to
  • Help me.
  • I'm sorry?
  • I want you to role-play firing me. I want you to fire me, and I will take it.
  • Oh, you want me to be you.
  • I want you to be me and I will be Creed.
  • Oh, (are you) firing Creed?
  • No, no, no. That's just first thing came... Can't... That head...
  • (We should) switch seats in order to...
  • Yes, that's a good idea.
  • All right? Excuse me.
  • I'm really sorry, but I have to let you go. And it's purely budgetary. It's not personal.
  • I'm going to kill myself! I'm going to kill myself and it's your fault!
  • That's an overreaction.



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.



Sentence 1

Michael / wish / everyone / happy / Halloween


Michael wishes everyone a happy Halloween.



Sentence 2

Michael / have / tell / Jan / who / he / going / let


Michael has to tell Jan who he is going to let go.



Sentence 3

Michael / call / Jan / office


Michael calls Jan's office.



Sentence 4

Jan / in / meeting / so / not / come / phone


Jan is in a meeting, so she can’t come to the phone.



Sentence 5

Michael / tell / Sherry / he / want / wait / end / day


Michael tells Sherry (that) he wants to wait until the end of the day.



Sentence 6

Michael / want / know / how / Sherry / fire / someone


Michael wants to know how Sherry would fire someone.



Sentence 7

Sherry / overhear / Michael / say / he / want / fire / her


Sherry overhears Michael say (that) he wants to fire her.



Sentence 8

Jim / explains / how / he / expect / Michael / choose / who / fire


Jim explains how he expects Michael to choose who to fire.
Jim explains how he expects Michael to choose who he will fire.



Sentence 9

Michael / ask / talk / Jim


Michael asks to talk [to/with] Jim.



Sentence 10

Michael / want / Jim / roleplay / fire / Creed


Michael wants Jim to roleplay firing Creed.



Sentence 11

Michael / overreact / when / he / pretend / fire / Jim


Michael overreacts when he pretends to [be/get] fired by Jim.



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. What are three inappropriate things that Michael says or does?
  2. Which of these four people would you fire? Why?
    Jim Jim
    Good sales skills
    Liked by most of his coworkers
    Not serious, not ambitious
    2 years with the company
    Dwight Dwight
    Excellent sales skills
    Disliked by most of his coworkers
    Very serious and hardworking
    5 years with the company
    Creed Creed
    Good sales skills
    Quiet
    Doesn't work very hard (lazy)
    10 years with the company
    Ryan Ryan
    Average sales skills
    Fun and energetic
    Professional and ambitious
    6 months with the company
  3. If you had to "downsize" (fire one person in your office), how would you choose who to let go? Friendship? Ability? Seniority? Based on something else? Why?
  4. What is the best way (method) to fire someone? Try roleplaying firing partner.
  5. Have you ever had to let someone go? Was it difficult?
  6. Have you ever been fired? Why were you fired?
  7. One extra piece of information about the Office staff:
    Jim often wastes entire days doing nothing. Dwight loves guns. Creed sometimes steals small office supplies and sells them. Ryan has a drug problem. Now who do you want to fire?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Michael: Happy Halloween, everyone! Oh, that's great.

Pam: Hey.

Pam: Happy Halloween. Jan called.

Michael: Okay.

Michael: I know why she's calling. It's the end of the month, and I was supposed to let somebody go by the end of the month. And somehow I'm supposed to put on a costume and smile. Okay.

Sherry: Jan Levinson's office.

Michael: Hey, Sherry, Michael Scott returning.

Sherry: Oh, she's in a meeting. She just wanted the name of the employee you let go.

Michael: Well, I'm going to wait until the end of the day because the book said it's best to wait until the end of the day.

Sherry: I just need the name of who you're planning to let go.

Michael: I don't know yet. I will have to call her back.

Sherry: I know she wanted the name.

Michael: Okay, Sherry?

Sherry: Yeah.

Michael: If you were getting fired, how would you wanna be told so that you could still be friends with the person firing you?

Sherry: Jan wants the name as soon as possible, Michael.

Michael: Thanks. I'll call her back. I wish I could fire Sherry.

Sherry: Hey, I'm still here.

Michael: Okay. I'm sorry.

Sherry: Yeah.

Michael: No.

Sherry: Okay.

Michael: Bye.

Sherry: Hanging up now.


Jim: Honestly, I don't think Michael has the slightest clue of who he's going to fire. I think he keeps hoping that someone's going to volunteer, or be run over by a bus before the deadline. But in the end, really, what's going to happen is it's going to be the first person to give him a dirty look in the hall. And therein lies the true essence of his charisma.

Michael: Can I speak to you a minute?

Jim: Yes. Michael, I really didn't mean to

Michael: Help me.

Jim: I'm sorry?

Michael: I want you to roleplay firing me. I want you to fire me, and I will take it.

Jim: Oh, you want me to be you.

Michael: Yes.

Jim: Okay.

Michael: I want you to be me and I will be Creed.

Jim: Oh, are you firing Creed?

Michael: No, no, no. That's just first thing came... Can't... That head...

Jim: We should switch seats in order to

Michael: Yes, that's a good idea.

Jim: All right? Excuse me.

Jim: I'm really sorry, but I have to let you go. And it's purely budgetary. It's not personal.

Michael: I'm going to kill myself!

Jim: Wow.

Michael: I'm going to kill myself and it's your fault!

Jim: That's an overreaction.

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