Learn English with The Last of Us

#8. Joel's Rules

Published: 6.22.2023
Level 5   |   Time: 4:21
Accent: American

Joel explains the rules that Ellie must follow if she wants to stay with him.


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ I fell under "whomever". [exp] - I was included in "whomever".
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ charge (a battery) [v] - give power/electricity (to a battery)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Wyoming [n] - a state in the western USA [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ head out there [exp] - go there
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a Firefly [n] - a freedom fighter, a terrorist, the people who want to use Ellie to make a cure for the pandemic
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a lab [n] - a laboratory, a place where scientists work [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bring up [phv] - mention, talk about
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ matter of fact [exp] - in fact, actually
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ keep (something) to ourselves [exp] - not talk about (something)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ think (it) through [phv] - think about (it) slowly and carefully
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ What you say goes. [exp] - You are the boss. I will follow your orders.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grab [v] - take, gather, collect
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a Chevy S10 [n] - a type of truck [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a seatbelt [n] - a belt that you wear in a car to protect you [image] vocab image

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes

Joel Ellie
Joel Ellie
  • There is a fungus that turns people into zombies.
  • The fungus pandemic destroyed civilization in 2003. It is now 2023.
  • Ellie is immune to the fungus.
  • Joel is trying to deliver Ellie to Bill and Frank.
  • The Fireflies want to use Ellie to make a cure.
  • Joel's brother used to be a Firefly.
  • Tess (Joel's girlfriend) died in order to save Ellie and Joel.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas

  1. Joel knows the code to the gate.

  2. The door is locked.

  3. Joel tells Ellie to stay close to him in the house.

  4. Joel finds a letter from Bill.

  5. Bill and Frank are dead.

  6. Joel needs to find a battery for the truck.

  7. Joel decides to take Ellie to meet his brother.

  8. Joel doesn't want to talk about Tess.

  9. Joel wants Ellie to keep the bite mark on her arm secret.

  10. This is Ellie's first time in a car.

triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática Gramática (noun clauses)

Directions: Choose the most natural answer to complete each sentence.

  • And my guess is he knows (where some of them are) .
  • Maybe they can get you to (wherever this lab is) .
  • You do (what I say) when I say it.
  • (What you say) goes.
  • We grab (what we can) .

triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]


This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)


Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).


이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.

Sentence 1

Joel / walk / up / gate / and / punch / code

Joel walks up to the gate and punches in the code.

Sentence 2

when / they / walk / house / there / nobody / home

When they walk into the house, there is nobody home.

Sentence 3

while / Joel / search / house / Ellie / find / letter / key

While Joel is searching the house, Ellie finds a letter and (a) key.

Sentence 4

Bill / Frank / dead

Bill and Frank are dead.

Sentence 5

Joel / offer / take / Ellie / with / him / Wyoming

Joel offers to take Ellie with him to Wyoming.

Sentence 6

Joel / think / brother / might / able / help / Ellie / find / firefly

Joel thinks (that) his brother might be able to help Ellie (to) find the Fireflies.

Sentence 7

Joel / give / Ellie / three / rule / she / have / follow / if / she / want / come / him

Joel gives Ellie three rules (that) she has to follow if she wants to come with him.

Sentence 8

Ellie / not / allow / bring / up / Tess

Ellie is not allowed to bring up Tess.

Sentence 9

she / also / not / tell / anyone / condition

She also [can't/may not/ is not allowed to] tell anyone about her condition.

Sentence 10

finally / she / have / do / exact / what / Joel / say

Finally, she has to do exactly what Joel says.

Sentence 11

when / they / get / truck / Joel / realize / it / Ellie / first / time / car

When they get [in/into] the truck, Joel realizes (that) it is Ellie's first time in a car.

Sentence 12

Joel / think / truck / piece / shit / but / he / still / think / it / can / get / them / Wyoming

Joel thinks (that) the truck is a piece of shit, but he still thinks (that) it can get them to Wyoming.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. Why do you think Joel decides to take Ellie with him?
  2. Joel doesn't want Ellie to tell anyone about her condition. Why? Do you agree with him?
  3. Why doesn't Joel want Ellie to bring up Tess?
  4. Joel doesn't want to talk about the pain and trauma in his past. Are you similar to or different from Joel in this regard?
  5. Ellie is excited about riding in a car for the first time. Have you had a similar experience with some type of vehicle or technology? Can you tell the story?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

Joel: Stay there.

Ellie: What the fuck?

Joel: Bill? Frank?

Joel: You stay there. You hear anything, you see anything, yell.

Ellie: It's from Bill. "To whomever but probably Joel." I figured I fell under "whomever." It came with this.

Joel: So they're dead?

Ellie: Mm-hmm.

Joel: Show me your arm.

Joel: I just finished making a truck battery. It's charging right now.

Ellie: Okay.

Joel: And I have a brother out in Wyoming. He's in some kind of trouble, and I'm heading out there to find him. He used to be a Firefly. And my guess is he knows where some of them are out there. Maybe they can get you to wherever this lab is.

Ellie: All right. Uh, listen, about Tess, uh...

Joel: If I'm taking you with me, there's some rules you have got to follow.

Joel: Rule one, you don't bring up Tess. Ever. Matter of fact, we can just keep our histories to ourselves.

Joel: Rule two, you don't tell anyone about your condition. They see that bite mark, they won't think it through. They'll just shoot you.

Joel: Rule three, you do what I say when I say it. We clear?

Ellie: Yes.

Joel: Repeat it.

Ellie: What you say goes.

Joel: Okay.

Ellie: So, what now?

Joel: We grab what we can.

Joel: It's your first time in a car?

Ellie: It's like a spaceship.

Joel: No, it's like a piece of shit Chevy S10, but it'll get us there I think. Seatbelt.

Ellie: Hm?

Joel: Seatbelt.

Ellie: So cool.

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