Learn English with Vox Media

Teaching in the US

Published: 2.07.2021
Level 4   |   Time: 4:38
Accent: American
Source: Vox

Vox Media explains why teachers in America have a uniquely tough job and why it doesn't have to be that way.


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder a todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na preparação para o teste, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura de frases.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ for good [exp] - forever
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ shrink [v] - get smaller
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a shortage [n] - not enough
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ turnover [n] - the rate at which employees leave and are replaced
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the OECD [n] - the Organization for Economic Development (the 38 richest countries)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ colleagues [n] - coworkers
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ collaborate [v] - work together
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ translate to better results [exp] - result in better outcomes
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ extracurricular activities [exp] - after school activities
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ on par with [exp] - equal to, similar to
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ their college-educated peers [exp] - people with a similar level of education
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a figure [n] - a number
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ vary [v] - be different, be various
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a share [n] - a part of, a percentage of
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ security [n] - safety
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ non-instructional costs [n] - costs not directly related to teaching
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ GDP [n] - Gross domestic product, a (outdated) way to measure the economic strength of country
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ keep (them) around [phv] - let (them) stay, prevent (someone) from quitting
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take a page from XXX's book [exp] - copy XXX's idea

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]


These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.


Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.


이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.

  1. The video is comparing middle school teachers in the US and Finland.

  2. Teachers in Finland are more likely to quit teaching than teachers in the US.

  3. The number of qualified public-school teachers in the US is shrinking.

  4. The number of public-school students in the US is shrinking.

  5. US teachers work more hours per day than teacher from most other OECD countries on average.

  6. US teachers work the most hours per day among OECD countries.

  7. US teachers teach the most hours per day among OECD countries.

  8. US students score below the OECD average on the PISA exam.

  9. Finnish teachers earn about the same amount of money as people with a similar level of education in their country.

  10. US teachers earn about the same amount of money as people with a similar level of education in their country.

  11. The US spends much less per student than most other OECD countries.

  12. Most states in the US spend about the same amount of money on education for each student.

  13. The majority of Finnish teachers believe that people in their country value teachers.

  14. The majority of US teachers believe that people in their country value teachers.

triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]


This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)


Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).


이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras.

Instrucciones: Escreva orações sobre o videoclipe usando as palavras-chave. Você pode alterar a forma da palavra ou adicionar palavras, mas não pode alterar a ordem das palavras.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다.

Sentence 1

US / public / school / teacher / twice / likely / Finland / teacher / leave / teach / good

US public school teachers are twice as likely as Finnish teachers to leave teaching for good.

Sentence 2

while / number / new / certify / teacher / US / shrink / number / public / school / student / grow

While the number of new certified teachers in the US is shrinking, the number of public school students is growing.

Sentence 3

teacher / US / work / hour / half / long / teacher / other / OECD / country / average

Teachers in the US work an hour and a half longer than teachers in other OECD countries on average.

Sentence 4

teacher / Japan / work / more / hour / day / teacher / US / but / teach / few / hour

Teachers in Japan work more hours per day than teachers in the US, but (they) teach fewer hours.

Sentence 5

US / teacher / spend / about / five / half / of / nine / quarter / work / hour / teach

US teachers spend about five and a half of their nine and a quarter work(ing) hours teaching.

Sentence 6

student / US / score / slight / above / OECD / average / PISA / exam

Students in the US score slightly above the OECD average on the PISA exam.

Sentence 7

US / student / score / low / student / country / like / Finland / South Korea / Singapore / where / teach / hour / much / low

US students score lower than students in countries like Finland, South Korea, and Singapore, where teaching hours are much lower.
US students' scores are lower than students in countries like Finland, South Korea, and Singapore, where teaching hours are much lower.

Sentence 8

America / teacher / earn / much / less / people / similar / level / education

American teachers earn much less than people with similar levels of education.
American teachers earn much less than people with a similar level of education.

Sentence 9

although / US / spend / lot / money / education / it / vary / great / state

Although the US spends a lot of money on education, it varies greatly by state.
Although the US spends a lot of money on education, it varies greatly (from) state to state.

Sentence 10

two / three / Finland / teacher / think / people / country / value / teacher / while / only / one / three / America / teacher / believe / so

Two [in/out of] three Finnish teachers think (that) people in their country value teachers, while only one [in/out of] three American teachers believe so.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. What statistics or facts from this video most surprised you?
  2. Why do you think the teaching conditions in Finland are (apparently) better than in the US?
  3. The US crisis is too few teachers for a growing student population. Do you think your country has a similar crisis?
  4. What solutions would you recommend for the US crisis? How could they attract more teachers and improve their quality of education?
  5. What are the pros and cons of being a public school teacher (in your country)?
  6. Where do you think your country ranks for teaching salaries? [ Link ]
  7. Do you think teachers in your country earn too much? Too little? Just enough? Why? What do you think is a fair wage for a public school teacher?
  8. Finnish teachers seem to believe that they are valued in their country. American teachers do not. Do you think teaching is a valued profession in your country? Why?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

This is Anna. She just graduated from college in the United States.

And this is Sophia. She also just graduated from college in Finland.

Anna and Sophia both want to be middle school teachers. But it turns out, there's a good chance their experiences will be very different. So different that Anna is twice as likely as Sophia to leave teaching for good.

That's causing a problem. The supply of new certified teachers in the United States is shrinking, but the number of public-school students keeps growing.

Massive teacher shortages.

Warnings about teacher turnover.

Educators call Colorado's teacher shortage a crisis.

So what makes Sophia stay and Anna leave? And how can the United States keep more of its teachers in the classroom?

In the US, teachers work about nine and a quarter hours a day. That's an hour and a half longer than the average for teachers in other countries in the Organization for Economic Development or OECD for short. That's a group of mostly wealthy countries that economists often compare to one another.

Teachers in the US work more than two and a half hours longer than their colleagues in South Korea, Finland, and Israel.

There are some countries with similar teacher work hours to the United States, like New Zealand, Singapore, and the UK. Teachers in Japan for example work nearly two hours more per day than teachers in the US, but in all of these countries teaching hours are much lower.

Of the nine and a quarter hours that American teachers work every day, they spend about five and a half of those hours actually teaching. That's more than the OECD average and significantly more than teachers in New Zealand, the UK, South Korea, Japan, and Singapore. Teachers in these countries get more time for planning, grading, and collaborating with each other.

So do all those extra teaching hours translate to better results?

Students in the US score slightly above the OECD average on the PISA exam, which tests 15-year-olds all over the world in reading, science, and math. But they score lower than students in countries like Finland, South Korea, Japan, and Singapore, where teaching hours are much lower.

If we look inside Anna and Sofia's classrooms in the US and Finland, we'd see Anna teaching an hour and a half more per day than Sofia. Anna also spends more time planning lessons, grading student work, and leading extracurricular activities.

But those extra hours aren't necessarily reflected in Anna's paycheck. If you compare Sofia to other people in Finland with college degrees, she makes about 98 cents for every dollar that they make. That's on par with the pay ratio between teachers and college graduates in similar countries.

But Anna and other American middle school teachers only make about 65 cents for every dollar that their college-educated peers make.

Still, as politicians in the US never tire of pointing out we spend more per student than almost any country I think than nearly every other country in the developed world.

But that figure varies a lot by state. New York spends twice as much as California on each student. Mississippi spends less than half as much as Alaska. And American schools generally spend a lot more on security and other non-instructional costs than schools in other countries.

Plus, if you look at the share of its national wealth or GDP that each country spends on education, you can see there are plenty of countries spending a bigger share than the US.

There's one other difference between Anna and Sofia. When they're asked whether people in their country value teachers, two out of three Finnish teachers say yes. But just one in three American teachers agree.

There are a lot of reasons why teachers like Anna leaves a classroom, but if the US wants to keep more of them around, we might want to take a few pages from Finland's book.