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The Poppy

Published: 11.11.2019
Level 4   |   Time: 1:47
Accent: British

The poppy is a symbol of remembrance worn every November to commemorate members of the armed forces who gave their lives in war.

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triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a poppy [n] - a red flower
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ commemorate [v] - remember and celebrate
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the Armed Forces [n] - the military
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ give one's life [exp] - die in order to support a belief
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ origins [n] - the beginning
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ churned up [adj] - dig up in a chaotic way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ soil [n] - land, dirt
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ shell [n] - the remains (case) of a bullet from a gun or cannon
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ The Western Front [n] - The battle area in France during World War 1
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ The Eastern Front [n] - The battle area in Eastern Europe during World War 1
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Ypres [n] - a small town in France
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a campaign [n] - an effort to advertise something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a legion [n] - an organization of retired military people to help and promote retired military people
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ ex-servicemen [n] - retired military people
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ conflict [n] - war, battle
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sell out [phv] - sell until nothing remains
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a considerable amount [exp] - a large amount
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ funds [n] - money
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ veterans [n] - retired military people who have fought in a war

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

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  1. When do people wear poppies?
    In November
    During wars
    After they die

  2. Why do people wear poppies?
    To decorate their shirts
    To support doctors and nurses
    To commemorate soldiers who died in war

  3. Which war started the poppy tradition?
    The American Civil War
    World War 1
    World War 2

  4. What inspired Lt. Colonel McRae to write the poem In Flanders Fields?
    The terrible landscape of war
    The soldiers' lives that he saved
    The death of his friend

  5. In what year did McRae write In Flanders Fields?

  6. How did the poem become famous?
    It was published in a London magazine.
    It was read in a war movie.
    It was written on the gravestones in Flanders Fields.

  7. What did Moena Michael do first?
    She read the poem to her friends.
    She donated money to war veterans.
    She made and sold poppies.

  8. What material were the poppies made of?

  9. Who sold poppies in the England?
    Moena Michael
    The Royal British Legion
    The British Armed Forces

  10. On what day were the poppies first sold?
    November 1st
    November 10st
    November 11st

  11. What was the money from poppy sales used for?
    To buy flowers
    To buy clothing for soldiers
    To support the families of retired military people

  12. Who works in the factories that produce poppies?
    Retired military people
    The family members of soldiers

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

The poppy!

The poppy is a symbol of remembrance born every November to commemorate members of the Armed Forces who gave their lives in war.

Its origins go back to the First World War, amongst the churned up soil and shell holes of the battlefields of the western front.

Poppies would grow even when nothing else could.

They would give Canadian doctor Lieutenant Colonel John McCRae inspiration while serving in Ypres in the spring of 1915.

After recently losing his friend, he would write the now famous poem in Flanders Fields.

The poem would go on to be published in a London-based magazine called Punch.

In 1918, in response to McCRae's poem, American academic Moena Michael was inspired to make and sell red silk poppies and campaigned to make the poppy a symbol of remembrance to those who had died in the war.

The Royal British Legion formed in 1921 and ordered nine million of these poppies selling them on the 11th of November that year in support of ex-servicemen and the families of those who had died in the conflict.

The poppies sold out immediately and raised a considerable amount of money.

The funds went on to be used to help First World War veterans with employment and housing.

Because the poppy appeal was so popular, the British legion set up a poppy factory employing ex-servicemen to produce them.

This continues today with the Legion producing millions of poppies each year.

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