Learn English with Fresh off the Boat

American Citizenship


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Published: 7.02.2024
Level 5   |   Time: 2:15
Accent: American
Source: Fresh off the Boat [S3 E09]

Jessica prepares for her American citizenship interview.


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a citizenship interview [n] - a meeting where officials ask questions to decide if you can become a citizen
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an immigrant [n] - a person who moves to a new country to live
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a caterpillar [n] - a small, worm-like animal that will become a butterfly [image] ESL Vocab - A caterpillar
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a butterfly [n] - an insect with colorful wings that flies [image] ESL Vocab - A butterfly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sentimental [adj] - having strong feelings of love or sadness
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a green card [n] - a card that lets you live and work in the U.S. permanently
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the green card lottery [n] - a program to win a green card to live in the U.S.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ naturalize [v] - become a citizen of a new country
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sponsor [v] - legally help someone move to a new country
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a permanent resident [n] - a person who can live in a country forever but is not a citizen
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grill (s/o) [exp] - ask (someone) many tough questions
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ My Girl [n] - a romantic movie about a young girl [ Link ]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a crisp autumn day [exp] - a cool, fresh day in the fall
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rotten [adj] - spoiled or bad (for food)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an octopus [n] - a sea animal with eight arms [image] ESL Vocab - An octopus
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a tentacle [n] - a long, flexible arm of an octopus [image] ESL Vocab - A tentacle
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pull us together [exp] - bring people close to each other
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ love at first sight [exp] - falling in love the first time you see someone
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the waist down [exp] - the lower part of the body
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lengthy [adj] - long
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a courtship [n] - the process of dating, chasing after someone before getting married
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a proposal [n] - asking someone to marry you
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ teary [adj] - filled with tears, starting to cry
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pinch [v] - squeeze tightly, sometimes causing pain
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take the world by storm [exp] - become very popular or successful quickly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ shop closed [exp] - a store that is not open
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ romanticize [v] - think something is better than it really is
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ wear (s/o) down [phv] - slowly make (someone) weak until they agree
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ déjà vu [exp] - the feeling that you have experienced something before
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fill up [phv] - fill a car with gasoline
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an Accord [n] - a type of car [image] ESL Vocab - An Accord
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hit [v] - visit, go to

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


Jessica Louis
Jessica Louis
  • The Parks are a Taiwanese-American family living in Orlando, Florida.
  • They have three sons - Eddie (oldest), Emery, and Evan (youngest).

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas


  1. What does Louis want at beginning of the conversation?
    Fashion advice
    A butterfly
    A new tie
    Breakfast

  2. Who is not an American citizen?
    Grandma
    Jessica
    Emery
    Louis

  3. What happened when Jessica got her green card?
    She went to jail.
    They started making a family.
    They had a party and drank a lot of wine.
    They were grilled by government officials.

  4. What is Emery's favorite love story?
    The movie My Girl
    The story of how his parents met

  5. What happened to Jessica after she ate the rotten octopus?
    She went to the hospital.
    She had diarreha.
    She fell asleep.
    She threw up (vomit).

  6. How does Jessica describe their engagement?
    She said yes immediately.
    She proposed to him instead.
    She never wanted to get married.
    She said no several times before saying yes.

  7. How many children does Jessica say that she wanted?
    None
    Two
    Three

  8. What are Jessica’s main concern about the citizenship interview?
    That it will take too long.
    That Louis will talk too much.
    That she will be denied citizenship.
    That the office is in a dangerous part of town.
    That they might forget some important documents.

  9. Where is the immigration office?
    In the rich area of town
    In the poor area of town

  10. What does Jessica want to do after the interview?
    Buy gas
    Go shopping
    Get lunch with Louis
    Take the boys to school

  11. What vehicle did Louis and Jessica buy after they got married?
    An Accord
    A minivan
    A sportscar
    A motorcycle

  12. What do they drive now?
    An Accord
    A minivan
    A sportscar
    A motorcycle



triangle Sentence Building 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.



Sentence 1

Louis / ask / Jessica / help / him / choose / tie / citizen / interview


Louis asks Jessica to help him (to) choose a tie for her citizenship interview.



Sentence 2

Jesscia / complain / Louis / romanticize / every / moment / life


Jesscia complains about Louis romanticizing every moment [of/in] their lives.
Jesscia complains (that) Louis romanticizes every moment [of/in] their lives.



Sentence 3

when / Emery / ask / why / mother / not / yet / America / citizen / Louis / tell / story / how / they / first / meet


When Emery asks why his mother is not yet an American citizen, Louis tells (him/them) the story of how they first met.



Sentence 4   (use past tense)

they / meet / while / wait / line / go / bathroom / after / eat / rotten / octopus


They met while (they were) waiting in line for the bathroom after eating (some) rotten octopus.
They met while (they were) waiting in line for the bathroom after they ate (some) rotten octopus.



Sentence 5   (use past tense)

after / length / courtship / Jesscia / accept / Louis / marriage / proposal


After a lengthy courtship, Jesscia accepted Louis's marriage proposal.



Sentence 6   (use past tense)

Jessica / actual / only / want / two / child / but / Evan / conceive* / after / they / drank / too / wine


Jessica actually only wanted two children, but Evan was conceived after they drank too much (white) wine.


* conceive = make a baby


Sentence 7   (use past tense)

Louis / propose / several / time / and / Jessica / final / accept / after / he / wear / down


Louis proposed several times, and Jessica finally accepted after he wore her down.



Sentence 8

Jessica / want / go / shop / and / get / cheap / gas / after / interview


Jessica wants to go shopping and get (some) cheap (cheap) gas after the interview.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir


Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

I just want to look perfect for your citizenship interview. This is a big moment for you.



Clip 2

Why must every single moment of our lives be so sentimental?



Clip 3

I still don't understand how Mom is not a citizen if I'm a citizen.



Clip 4

And I'm a citizen because I applied for the green card lottery, and then I naturalized.



Clip 5

And after that, I sponsored Grandma, who also then naturalized to become a citizen.



Clip 6

But your mom is a permanent resident with a green card.



Clip 7

How they took us into separate gray rooms and grilled us about how we met.



Clip 8

It's my favorite love story, after My Girl, of course.



Clip 9

For you, maybe. I was busy being sick from the waist down.



Clip 10

After an explosive start and a lengthy courtship, she finally accepted my proposal.



Clip 11

I told him shop closed after two.



Clip 12

So what made you decide to have me?



Clip 13

Why do you have to romanticize everything?



Clip 14

You proposed several times. I said no. You wore me down. I said yes.



Clip 15

So I want to hit the 99-cent store and then fill up the Accord with the cheap, cheap gas.



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Five characters have their citizenship at the beginning of the clip: Louis, Grandma, Eddie, Emery, and Evan. How did each get their citizenship?
  2. Can you describe Jessica's situation regarding American citizenship? How is it different from Louis's?
  3. Anyone born on American soil automatically gets American citizenship. Is this the same in your country? Do you think this is a good law? Why or why not?
  4. Jesscia says she wanted two kids, but she has three. What is her explanation? Do you think it is okay to tell Evan (their youngest child) this?
  5. From this short clip, how would you describe the relationship between Louis's mother and Jessica? Do you have a similar relationsship with your in-laws?
  6. Louis romanticizes everything. Jessica seems much colder and more practical. Who are you more similar to? Can you give some examples?
  7. Have you or anyone you know gone through a similar immigration process? Can you describe the steps?
  8. Do you know how your parents met? Is it a romantic story?
  9. How about you? If you are in a relationship, how did you meet your partner? Is it a romantic story?
  10. What is the most romantic (real) first-meeting story you have ever heard?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Louis: Which one?

Jessica: The blue one.

Louis: They're both blue.

Jessica: I made my choice.

Louis: I just want to look perfect for your citizenship interview. This is a big moment for you. You're like an immigrant caterpillar, and now you'll be an American butterfly.

Jessica: Why must every single moment of our lives be so sentimental? Getting my citizenship, moving to Orlando, Eddie's first word...

Evan: I still don't understand how Mom is not a citizen if I'm a citizen.

Louis: Because you boys were born here. And I'm a citizen because I applied for the green card lottery, and then I naturalized. And after that, I sponsored Grandma, who also then naturalized to become a citizen.

Jessica: And now she gets to stay here forever.

Grandma: (In Mandarin) That's right. Stay mad.

Louis: But your mom is a permanent resident with a green card. Remember when we got your green card? How they took us into separate gray rooms and grilled us about how we met.

Emery: Tell us the story of how you guys met again. It's my favorite love story, after My Girl, of course.

Jessica: Emery, please, don't get him started.

Louis: It was a crisp autumn day. [Sighs] We went to the same college but didn't even know it until the rotten octopus of fate reached out its food-poisoned tentacles and pulled us together. It was love at first sight.

Jessica: For you, maybe. I was busy being sick from the waist down.

Louis: After an explosive start and a lengthy courtship, she finally accepted my proposal. I know you've said no five times already, but I'm going to keep asking. Will you marry me?

Jessica: Yes. I will marry you.

Louis: It was magical. Even your mom was a little teary.

Jessica: The ring was pinching my finger.

Louis: We took the world by storm. We bought a minivan.

Jessica: Because I wanted so many kids. I told him shop closed after two.

Louis: So what made you decide to have me?

Jessica: White wine.

Louis: And now here we are.

Jessica: Why do you have to romanticize everything? You proposed several times. I said no. You wore me down. I said yes.

Louis: True love is worth fighting for.

Jessica: See? You're doing it again.

Louis: Déjà vu.

Jessica: Just don't tell these stories in the interview. I want it to go quick. The immigration office is on the bad side of town, so I want to hit the 99-cent store and then fill up the Accord with the cheap, cheap gas.