Learn English with The Hobbit

#5. Escape from the Trolls


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Published: 11.08.2022
Level 6   |   Time: 3:44
Accent: British
Source: The Hobbit

Bilbo helps Gandalf free the dwarves from three hungry trolls.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ don't bother [v] - don't waste time on
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ squash [v] - crush into a liquid
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sauté [v] - cook in a pan with oil or butter
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a sprinkle of sage [n] - a small amount of sage (a spice)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ seasoning [n] - spices
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ don't fancy [v] - don't like, don't want
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ turned to stone [exp] - changed from flesh to rock or stone
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ reason (with them) [v] - negotiate (with them)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ half-wits [n] - idiots, stupid people
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ plate (something) up [phv] - put (something) on a plate to be served
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ this lot [n] - this group
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ skin (someone) [v] - remove (someone's) skin
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a filleting knife [n] - a long thin knife used for cutting meat
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rubbish [n] - I don't believe you! (garbage)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ scoff [v] - eat something very quickly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ crunchy [adj] - making a sharp noise when bitten or crushed
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ infested with [adj] - full of something terrible
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ be up to [exp] - be doing something dishonest
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a ferret [n] - a small rodent (animal) [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take us for fools [exp] - try to trick, fool, or deceive us
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ dawn [n] - when the sun rises (early morning)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ in one piece [exp] - safe, not badly injured
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ nous [n] - intelligence

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


Bilbo Gandalf Thorin
Bilbo Gandalf Thorin
  • All of the dwarves and Bilbo have been captured by trolls.
  • Gandalf disappeared the day before.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.

Perguntas

Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.


  1. The trolls _______ on how to cook the dwarves.
    all agree
    can't agree

  2. It is almost _______.
    noon
    dawn
    dusk
    midnight

  3. Bilbo wants to _______.
    protect the dwarves from parasites
    help the trolls cook the dwarves
    steal the troll's knife
    stall for time

  4. The trolls _______ the taste of raw dwarf.
    like
    don't like

  5. Bilbo tells the trolls that the dwarves _______ and _______.
    can use magic
    are full of sage
    don't smell good
    are infested with worms

  6. The trolls _______ Bilbo.
    all believe
    don't all believe

  7. The trolls _______ scared of Gandalf.
    are
    are not

  8. The trolls turn into stone after _______.
    Gandalf casts a spell
    they eat one of the dwarves
    they are exposed to sunlight
    Bilbo infects them with worms

  9. Thorin _______ grateful that Bilbo helped them escape.
    is
    is not



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.



Sentence 1

troll / roast / dwarf


The trolls are roasting the dwarves.



Sentence 2

troll / debate / best / way / cook / dwarf


The trolls are debating the best way to cook the dwarves.



Sentence 3

troll / named / Willian / tell / them / get / on / it / that / they / not / get / turn / stone / when / sun / come / up


The troll (who is) named Willian tells them to get on with it so that they don't get turned [to/into] stone when the sun comes up.



Sentence 4

troll / decide / eat / dwarf / raw


The trolls decide to eat the dwarves raw.



Sentence 5

Bilbo / jump / up / and / give / troll / some / cook / advice / stall / time


Bilbo jumps up and gives the trolls some cooking advice (in order) to stall for time.



Sentence 6

Bilbo / first / say / dwarf / need / more / seasoning / and / then / they / infest / parasite


Bilbo first says (that) the dwarves need more seasoning and then (that) they are infested with parasites.



Sentence 7

one / troll / suspect / Bilbo / try / fool / them


One of the trolls suspects (that) Bilbo is trying to fool them.
One troll suspects (that) Bilbo is trying to fool them.



Sentence 8

troll / seem / unconcern / when / Gandalf / appear


The trolls seem unconcerned when Gandalf appears.



Sentence 9

when / Gandalf / expose / troll / sunlight / they / turn / stone


When Gandalf exposes the trolls to sunlight, they turn [to/into] stone.



Sentence 10

Thorin / blame / Bilbo / problem / troll / but / Gandalf / praise / Bilbo / ingenuity


Thorin blames Bilbo for their problem(s) with the trolls, but Gandalf praises Bilbo's ingenuity.



triangle Compare the Book 책을 비교하다 Compare o livro Comparar el libro


The text below is from the [ original novel ]. You can also read a [ shortened version ] of the novel.

  1. Which parts of the video are the same as the novel?
  2. Which parts of the video are different from the novel?
  3. Which parts of the novel are not in the video?


Just at that moment, William came up behind and popped a sack right over Thorin’s head and down to his toes. And so the fight ended. A nice pickle they were all in now: all neatly tied up in sacks, with three angry trolls (and two with burns and bashes to remember) sitting by them, arguing whether they should roast them slowly, or mince them fine and boil them, or just sit on them one by one and squash them into jelly; and Bilbo up in a bush, with his clothes and his skin torn, not daring to move for fear they should hear him.

It was just then that Gandalf came back. But no one saw him. The trolls had just decided to roast the dwarves now and eat them later—that was Bert’s idea, and after a lot of argument they had all agreed to it.

“No good roasting them now, it’d take all night,” said a voice. Bert thought it was William’s.

“Don’t start the argument all over again, Bill,” he said, “or it will take all night.”

“Who’s arguing?” said William, who thought it was Bert that had spoken.

“You are,” said Bert.

“You’re a liar,” said William; and so the argument began all over again. In the end they decided to mince them fine and boil them. So they got a great black pot, and they took out their knives.

“No good boiling them! We ain’t got no water, and it’s a long way to the well,” said a voice. Bert and William thought it was Tom’s.

“Shut up!” said they, “or we’ll never have done. And yer can fetch the water yerself, if yer say any more.”

“Shut up yerself!” said Tom, who thought it was William’s voice. “Who’s arguing but you, I’d like to know.”

“You’re a booby,” said William.

“Booby yerself!” said Tom.

And so the argument began all over again, and went on hotter than ever, until at last they decided to sit on the sacks one by one and squash them, and boil them next time.

“Who shall we sit on first?” said the voice.

“Better sit on the last fellow first,” said Bert, whose eye had been damaged by Thorin. He thought Tom was talking.

“Don’t talk to yerself!” said Tom. “But if you wants to sit on the last one, sit on him. Which is he?”

“The one with the yellow stockings,” said Bert.

“Nonsense, the one with the grey stockings,” said a voice like William’s.

“I made sure it was yellow,” said Bert.

“Yellow it was,” said William.

“Then what did yer say it was grey for?” said Bert.

“I never did. Tom said it.”

“That I never did!” said Tom. “It was you.”

“Two to one, so shut yer mouth!” said Bert.

“Who are you a-talkin’ to?” said William.

“Now stop it!” said Tom and Bert together. “The night’s gettin’ on, and dawn comes early. Let’s get on with it!”

“Dawn take you all, and be stone to you!” said a voice that sounded like William’s. But it wasn’t. For just at that moment the light came over the hill, and there was a mighty twitter in the branches. William never spoke, for he stood turned to stone as he stooped; and Bert and Tom were stuck like rocks as they looked at him. And there they stand to this day, all alone, unless the birds perch on them; for trolls, as you probably know, must be underground before dawn, or they go back to the stuff of the mountains they are made of, and never move again. That is what had happened to Bert and Tom and William.

“Excellent!” said Gandalf, as he stepped from behind a tree, and helped Bilbo to climb down out of a thorn-bush. Then Bilbo understood. It was the wizard’s voice that had kept the trolls bickering and arguing, until the light came and made an end of them.

The next thing was to untie the sacks and let out the dwarves. They were nearly suffocated, and very annoyed: they had not at all enjoyed lying there listening to the trolls making plans for roasting them and squashing them and mincing them. They had to hear Bilbo’s account of what had happened to him twice over, before they were satisfied.

“Silly time to go practising pinching and pocket-picking,” said Bombur, “when what we wanted was fire and food!”

*     *     *     *     *     *     *

“Where did you go to, if I may ask?” said Thorin to Gandalf as they rode along.

“To look ahead,” said he.

“And what brought you back in the nick of time?”

“Looking behind,” said he.


[ printable .pdf ]

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. How does Bilbo stall for time?
  2. In the book, Gandalf distracts the trolls until dawn. In the movie, it is Bilbo who distracts the trolls. Why do you think the director of the movie made this change? How does it serve the story?
  3. Gandalf and Thorin have different opinions of Bilbo? How does each feel about Bilbo? Why?
  4. In the world of The Hobbit, what are the differences between goblins, orcs, and trolls?
  5. Trolls turn to stone in sunlight. What other mythological creatures cannot withstand sunlight? What happens if they are caught in the sun?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Tom Troll: Don't bother cooking them. Let's just sit on them and squash them into jelly.

Bert Troll: They should be sauted and grilled with a sprinkle of sage.

Tom Troll: That does sound quite nice.

William Troll: Never mind the seasoning. We ain't got all night. Dawn ain't far away. Let's get a move on. I don't fancy being turned to stone.

Bilbo: Wait! You are making a terrible mistake.

Dwarf: You can't reason with them. They're half-wits!

Dwarf: Half-wits? What does that make us?

Bilbo: I meant with the seasoning.

Bert Troll: What about the seasoning?

Bilbo: Well, have you smelt them? You're going to need something stronger than sage before you plate this lot up.

William Troll: What do you know about cooking dwarf?

Bert Troll: Shut up, and let the flurgaburburhobbit talk.

Bilbo: The secret to cooking Dwarf is...

Bert Troll: Yes? Come on. Tell us the secret.

Bilbo: The secret is ... to skin them first.

Bert Troll: Tom, get me filleting knife.

William Troll: What a load of rubbish! I've eaten plenty with their skins on. Scoff them I say, boots and all!

Tom Troll: He's right! Nothing wrong with a bit of raw dwarf. Nice and crunchy.

Bilbo: Not that one. He's infected!

William Troll: You what?

Bilbo: Yeah, he's got worms in his tubes. In fact, they all have. They're infested with parasites. It's a terrible business. I wouldn't risk it. I really wouldn't.

Dwarf: Parasites? Did he say parasites?

Dwarf: We don't have parasites. You\ have parasites.

Dwarf: I've got parasites as big as my arm.

Dwarf: Mine are the biggest parasites. I've got huge parasites.

Dwarf: We are riddled.

Dwarf: Yes. We're riddled.

Dwarf: Yes we are. Exactly.

William Troll: What would you have us do then? Let them all go?

Bilbo: Well...

William Troll: You think I don't know what you're up to. This little ferret is taking us for fools!

Bilbo: Ferret?

Bert Troll: Fools?

Gandalf: The dawn will take you all!

William Troll: Who's that?

Bert Troll: No idea.

Tom Troll: Can we eat him too?

Dwarf: Get your foot out of my back.


Thorin: Where did you go to, if I may ask?

Gandalf: To look ahead.

Thorin: What brought you back?

Gandalf: Looking behind. Nasty business. Still, they all are in one piece.

Thorin: No thanks to your burglar.

Gandalf: He had the nous to play for time. None of the rest of you thought of that.