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isten in English

Growing in Space

Published: 1.10.2018
Level 4   |   Time: 3:12
Accent: British, Canadian
BBC Global News Podcast (1.08.2018)

A Japanese astronaut tweeted about how much he has grown while in space.


You can download the file [ HERE ].


triangle Directions

  1. REVIEW the vocabulary.
  2. LISTEN to the audio.
  3. ANSWER the questions.
  4. CHECK your answers (Show Answers)

triangle Vocabulary

  • an astronaut [n] - a person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft
  • eye-catching [adj] - interesting / impressive
  • allocate [v] - give for a specific purpose
  • a spacecraft [n] - a vehicle used for traveling in space.
  • a vertebrae [n] - the small bones forming the back (spine)
  • magnify [v] - make something more intense
  • in the surf [exp] - in the water at the beach
  • a tape measure [n] - a device used to measure length or size
  • six feet tall [exp] - about 1.8 meters
  • landing [n] - coming back to Earth
  • swear [v] - promise
  • compress [v] - get pushed/squeezed together
  • palpable [adj] - a very strong feeling
  • relentless [adj] - constant / continuous
  • an oppressor [n] - something or someone that makes life difficult
  • grind [v] - push together

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Questions

  1. How long has Norishige Kanai been on the International Space Station??
    a few years
    a few months
    a few weeks

  2. What country is he from?

  3. What surprising announcement did he make?
    He got 9cm taller.
    He was able to see the moon.
    He thinks Trump is a great president.

  4. How do astronauts return to Earth?
    in a Soyuz spacecraft
    in the International Space Station
    in a Challenger space shuttle

  5. Who is Tim Hadfield?
    an astronaut on the space station with Norishige
    a former astronaut
    Norishige's trainer

  6. Why do people get taller in space?
    Lack of gravity allows their bones to drift apart.
    Change in diet causes them to grow more.
    The moon's gravity pulls their bones apart.

  7. Why did it affect Norishige more than usual?
    He is tall.
    He is young.
    He is short.

  8. Wnich part of the astronaut's body stretches the most?
    the legs
    the hands and feet
    the backbone

  9. Why is it difficult to measure someone in space?
    Because astronauts have to wear special suits.
    Because there is no gravity.
    Because they don't have the correct tools

  10. How much taller did Hatfield get in space?
    about 6 feet
    about 9cm
    about 4cm

  11. What problems could Norishige's growth cause?
    His clothes may not fit him.
    His seat may not fit him well.
    He may not able to sleep.
    He may be injured when he returns to Earth.

  12. How long does it take for astronauts to return to their normal height when they come back to Earth?
    It happens immediately.
    It takes a few weeks.
    They usually don't return to their normal height.

  13. What did Hatfield feel when he came back to Earth?
    He could feel his suit getting tighter.
    He could feel his suit getting looser.
    He could feel his back being compressed.

triangle Script

The Japanese astronaut Norishige Kanai has been on board the International Space Station for the past three weeks. And today he sent out this eye catching tweet:

Good morning everybody. I have a major announcement today. We have our bodies measured off reaching space and wow wow wow. I had actually grown by as much as nine centimeters.

Mr. Kanai I went on to say that he was a bit worried that he wouldn't fit in the seat allocated for him in the Soyuz spacecraft which will take him back to Earth. Chris Hadfield is a Canadian former astronauts. He spoke to the BBC's Tim Franks.

It's more than average for sure. And of course it's not really growth. You're not growing again like when you were a teenager. What's actually happening is each one of the bones in your body is getting slightly further apart because there's no gravity to push you down anymore. And so especially up your backbone, each of the little vertebra gets a little further apart. And if you're a tall astronaut like Arcega, then it gets magnified because because you're no longer to begin with. But nine centimeters, that's probably more than reality. It's really hard to measure somebody when there's no gravity. You can't just stand up against a wall. It's kind of like measuring yourself floating in the surf. So it will be interesting to see when they remeasure exactly how much taller he's gotten.

OK. It's one of those problems about being in space that I hadn't really come up with, yes, that it is difficult to get a tape measure up against somebody. Did it happen to you when you were aboard the space station?

It does. All astronauts are backbone stretches. You get a little taller when you're weightless, and in my case since I'm about six feet tall, I got about maybe four centimeters taller. You know about that much - a little bit bigger. And what's intriguing is that you have to anticipate that. What Norishige was talking about is the seat that will support and protect his body when he comes crashing back to Earth on the Soyuz. It's a crash seat. It's designed to take up the force of a landing. And so you don't want it to fit improperly. And the Russian designers, the sculptors, who build those seats actually anticipate us being a little bit taller. In his case, you want to make sure that that he hasn't grown too much for his seat. Otherwise, he could hurt or break his neck or his back when he lands.

Oh, it's that serious? I mean it's not just this is a first world problem about trying to fit in an economy class seat. This is something potentially rather more serious. And how quickly on return do you get back to normal size?

Well, you know, I actually when I landed the first time on my first space flight, as I started getting under gravity and I stood up again, I wore I could actually feel like when you slip something in your back. I could feel my back pressing back down again - almost palpable give to it. And it happens quite rapidly. Gravity is relentless. It's a punishing oppressor, and it grinds our bones as close to them as our body will allow, so no matter how much taller you get in space, it's not going to last when you get home.

That's the former Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield speaking to the BBC's Tim Franks.

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