Learn English with BBC Podcasts

Growing in Space

Published: 1.10.2018
Level 4   |   Time: 3:12
Accent: British, Canadian

A Japanese astronaut tweeted about how much he has grown while in space.


You can download the file [ HERE ].


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder a todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na preparação para o teste, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura de frases.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an astronaut [n] - a person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ eye-catching [adj] - interesting, impressive
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ allocate [v] - give for a specific purpose
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a spacecraft [n] - a vehicle used for traveling in space
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ vertebrae [n] - the small bones forming the back (spine)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a vertebra [n] - one of the small bones forming the back (spine)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ magnify [v] - make something more intense
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ in the surf [exp] - in the water at the beach
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a tape measure [n] - a device used to measure length or size
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ six feet tall [exp] - about 1.8 meters
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ landing [n] - coming back to Earth
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ swear [v] - promise
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ compress [v] - get pushed/squeezed together
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ palpable [adj] - a very strong feeling
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ relentless [adj] - constant, continuous
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an oppressor [n] - something or someone that makes life difficult
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grind [v] - push together

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]


These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.


Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.


이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.

  1. How long has Norishige Kanai been on the International Space Station??
    A few years
    A few months
    A few weeks

  2. What country is he from?

  3. What surprising announcement did he make?
    He got 9 cm taller.
    He was able to see the moon.
    He thinks Trump is a great president.

  4. How do astronauts return to Earth?
    In a Soyuz spacecraft
    In the International Space Station
    In the Challenger space shuttle

  5. Who is Tim Hadfield?
    An astronaut on the space station with Norishige
    A former astronaut
    Norishige's trainer

  6. Why do people get taller in space?
    Lack of gravity allows their bones to drift apart.
    Change in diet causes them to grow more.
    The moon's gravity pulls their bones apart.

  7. Why did it affect Norishige more than usual?
    He is tall.
    He is short.
    He is young.

  8. Which part of the astronaut's body stretches the most?
    The legs
    The backbone
    The hands and feet

  9. Why is it difficult to measure someone in space?
    Because astronauts have to wear special suits.
    Because they don't have the correct tools.
    Because there is no gravity.

  10. How much taller did Hatfield get in space?
    About 6 feet
    About 9 cm
    About 4 cm

  11. What problems could Norishige's growth cause?
    His space suit may not fit him.
    His seat may not fit him well.
    He may not be able to sleep.
    He may be injured when he returns to Earth.

  12. How long does it take for astronauts to return to their normal height when they come back to Earth?
    It happens almost immediately.
    It takes a few weeks.
    They usually don't return to their normal height.

  13. What did Hatfield feel when he came back to Earth?
    He could feel his suit getting tighter.
    He could feel his suit getting looser.
    He could feel his back being compressed.

triangle Sentence Building 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras.

Instrucciones: Escreva orações sobre o videoclipe usando as palavras-chave. Você pode alterar a forma da palavra ou adicionar palavras, mas não pode alterar a ordem das palavras.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다.

Sentence 1

Kanai / be / board / International / Space / Station / three / week

Kanai has been on board the International Space Station for three weeks.

Sentence 2

that / time / he / grow / by / much / nine / centimeter

In that time, he has grown by as much as nine centimeters.

Sentence 3

Hadfield / explain / people / not / actual / grow / space

Hadfield explains (that) people don't actually grow in space.

Sentence 4

instead / each / vertebra / their / spine / get / little / far / apart / because / there / no / gravity

Instead, each vertebra in their spine gets a little [further/farther] apart because there is no gravity.

Sentence 5

Hadfield / not / believe / Kanai / actual / grow / nine / centimeter

Hadfield doesn't believe (that) Kanai actually grew nine centimeters.
Hadfield doesn't believe (that) Kanai has actually grown nine centimeters.

Sentence 6

it / difficult / measure / your / height / space / because / there / no / gravity

It is difficult to measure your height in space because there is no gravity.

Sentence 7

Hadfield / get / about / four / centimeter / tall / while / he / space

Hadfield got about four centimeters taller while he was in space.

Sentence 8

it / important / anticipate / much / you / grow / so / your / crash / seat / can / build / proper

It is important to anticipate how much you will grow so (that) your crash seat can be built properly.

Sentence 9

if / Kanai / crash / seat / not / proper / size / he / could / break / neck / back / when / he / land

If Kanai's crash seat is not the proper size, he could break his neck or (his) back when he lands.

Sentence 10

Hadfield / say / he / could / feel / gravity / compress / spine / soon / he / come / back / Earth

Hadfield said (that) he could feel gravity compress(ing) his spine as soon as he came back to Earth.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. Hadfield says he is 6ft tall (~180cm) and he got 4cm taller. How much do you think you would grow in space?
  2. Were you a tall child? At what age did you stop growing?
  3. What is your ideal height? How tall do you want to be?
  4. What problems do you think astronauts have in space? Which problems do you think are the most serious (physical, emotional, mental, dietary)?
  5. Considering current technology, if you had the opportunity, would you like to go to space? Why / Why not?
  6. Would you agree to help colonize a planet if you knew you couldn’t come back to Earth?
  7. Is space exploration important, or is it a waste of money? What are the benefits of space exploration for mankind?
  8. What is your favorite space movie or TV show? How realistic is it?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

The Japanese astronaut Norishige Kanai has been on board the International Space Station for the past three weeks. And today he sent out this eye catching tweet:

"Good morning everybody. I have a major announcement today. We had our bodies measured after reaching space and wow wow wow. I had actually grown by as much as nine centimeters."

Mr. Kanai I went on to say that he was a bit worried that he wouldn't fit in the seat allocated for him in the Soyuz spacecraft, which will take him back to Earth. Chris Hadfield is a Canadian former astronauts. He spoke to the BBC's Tim Franks.

It's more than average for sure. And of course it's not really growth. You're not growing again like when you were a teenager. What's actually happening is each one of the bones in your body is getting slightly further apart because there's no gravity to push you down anymore. And so especially up your backbone, each of the little vertebra gets a little further apart. And if you're a tall astronaut like Norishige, then it gets magnified because you're longer to begin with. But nine centimeters, that's probably more than reality. It's really hard to measure somebody when there's no gravity. You can't just stand up against a wall. It's kind of like measuring yourself floating in the surf. So it will be interesting to see when they remeasure exactly how much taller he's gotten.

OK. It's one of those problems about being in space that I hadn't really come up with, yes, that it is difficult to get a tape measure up against somebody. Did it happen to you when you were aboard the space station?

It does. All astronauts, their backbones stretch. As you get a little taller when you're weightless, and in my case since I'm about six feet tall, I got about maybe four centimeters taller. You know about that much - a little bit bigger. And what's intriguing is that you have to anticipate that. What Norishige was talking about is the seat that will support and protect his body when he comes crashing back to Earth on the Soyuz. It's a crash seat. It's designed to take up the force of a landing. And so you don't want it to fit improperly. And the Russian designers, the sculptors, who build those seats actually anticipate us being a little bit taller. In his case, you want to make sure that that he hasn't grown too much for his seat. Otherwise, he could hurt or break his neck or his back when he lands.

Oh, it's that serious? I mean it's not just this is a first world problem about trying to fit in an economy class seat. This is something potentially rather more serious. And how quickly on return do you get back to normal size?

Well, you know, I actually when I landed the first time on my first space flight, as I started getting under gravity and I stood up again, I swore I could actually feel like when you slip something in your back. I could feel my back compressing back down again - almost a palpable give to it. And it happens quite rapidly. Gravity is relentless. It's a punishing oppressor, and it grinds our bones as close to them as our body will allow, so no matter how much taller you get in space, it's not going to last when you get home.

That's the former Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield speaking to the BBC's Tim Franks.