Super Size Me (2)

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Published: 2.22.2022
Level 6   |   Time: 5:45
Accent: American
Source: Super Size Me

Part 2 of a documentary about the dangers of fast-food and the obesity epidemic in the US.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cardiologist [n] - a doctor that specializes in heart health
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a gastroenterologist [n] - a doctor that specializes in stomach, bowel, and liver health
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a general practitioner [n] - a general doctor (a GP)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fatigue [n] - tiredness
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ shortness of breath [exp] - difficulty breathing
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get your blood drawn [exp] - have blood taken out of your body (for testing)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ cholesterol [n] - the fat in the cells of your body, large amounts of it are in meat and milk products
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ fast [v] - not eat any food for a long time
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ glucose [n] - the sugar found in your blood (blood sugar)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Three down. [exp] - Three things are finished.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ superb [adj] - excellent
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ iron level [n] - the amount of iron (Fe) in your blood
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ diabetes [n] - a long-lasting health condition related to the amount of sugar in your body
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ electrolytes [n] - essential minerals (sodium, calcium, potassium) that are important for your body
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the kidneys [n] - the two organs in your body that remove waste from your body
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the liver [n] - the large organ in your body that processes nutrients and alcohol
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ triglycerides [n] - a type of fat in your body
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ metabolize [v] - process or use some food or nutrients in your body
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ yank [v] - pull
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ tendons [n] - the strings or chords in your body that attach your muscles to your bones
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hypertensive headaches [n] - headaches caused by high blood pressure
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a hyperinsulinemic state [n] - having too much insulin (sugar) in your blood
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ inflamed [adj] - swollen, hot, injured
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ leak [v] - (a liquid) comes out slowly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ enzymes [n] - proteins that help metabolize (use, digest) food and nutrients
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pâté [n] - a kind of dip or spread made from meat (It is soft.)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lethargic [adj] - having no energy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ wipe out [phv] - destroy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ deliberation [n] - a time of considering
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ dismiss the lawsuit [exp] - not accept a lawsuit
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ coronary heart disease [n] - a serious sickness of the heart
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ My mood swung on a dime. [exp] - my mood (feeling) changed suddenly for no clear reason
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ crave [v] - want, strongly desire
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ massive headaches [n] - very severe or strong headaches
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ showed signs of improvement [exp] - started to get better
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ less than optimistic [exp] - predict bad things will happen

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas


  1. Morgan enlisted ____ doctors to help him.
    one
    two
    three

  2. Morgan is allergic to ______.
    nothing
    oranges
    peanuts
    cheese
    bacon
    eggs

  3. Morgan had to _____ before his blood test.
    fast
    rest
    drink water

  4. The doctors described Morgan's health as ______.
    excellent
    perfect
    superb
    average

  5. The first doctor thinks that Morgan's MacDonald's diet will only affect his ______.
    mood
    weight
    triglycerides
    cholesterol levels

  6. The second doctor predicts that Morgan's MacDonald's diet could affect his ______.
    mood
    weight
    triglycerides
    cholesterol levels

  7. On day 18, Morgan complains about ______.
    fatigue
    headaches
    chest pains
    stomach-aches

  8. The doctor thinks that Morgan's headaches are related to ______.
    stress
    blood sugar
    triglycerides
    cholesterol levels

  9. Morgan's ______ has shot up to 225.
    cholesterol level
    blood sugar
    weight

  10. The doctor seems most worried about Morgan's ______.
    weight
    liver
    kidneys

  11. SGOT and SGPT measure ______.
    liver function
    kidney function
    lung capacity
    heart health

  12. Morgan's SGPT has increased by ______.
    100%
    200%
    10 times
    100 times

  13. People usually do harm to their livers with ______.
    a high fat diet
    meat consumption
    sugar consumption
    alcohol consumption

  14. The doctor thinks that it is ______ that Morgan will wipe out his liver in two more weeks.
    certain
    likely
    unlikely
    impossible

  15. The lawsuit filed by the two girls ______.
    was successful
    failed

  16. Morgan gained ______ pounds.
    almost 25 pounds
    25 pounds
    over 25 pounds

  17. After 30 days, Morgan's body fat was ______ the national average.
    just above
    equal to
    still below

  18. Eating MacDonald's also affected Morgan's ______.
    cholesterol level
    eyesight
    sex drive
    mood

  19. Eating MacDonald's food make Morgan want to eat ______ MacDonald's food.
    more
    less

  20. Eating MacDonald's food also gave Morgan ______ headaches.
    occasional
    constant
    massive
    minor



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using these words. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.


Sentence 1

Morgan / enlist / help / three / doctor / monitor / health


Morgan has enlisted the help of three doctors to monitor his health.



Sentence 2

three / doctor / administer / numerous / test / and / find / health / excellent


The three doctors administer numerous tests and find that his health is excellent.
The three doctors administer numerous tests and find his health to be excellent.



Sentence 3

one / doctor / predict / diet / will / very / few / effect / overall / health


One doctor predicts (that) his diet will have very few effects on his overall health.



Sentence 4a

other / doctor / think / his / diet / might / adverse / effect / weight / cholesterol / mood


The other doctor thinks (that) his diet might have adverse effects on his weight, cholesterol and mood.



Sentence 4b

other / doctor / think / his / diet / might / adverse / affect / weight / cholesterol / mood


The other doctor thinks (that) his diet might have adversely affect his weight, cholesterol and mood.



Sentence 5

day / 18 / diet / Morgan / experience / severe / headache


On day 18 of his diet, Morgan is experiencing severe headaches.



Sentence 6

doctor / examine / Morgan / and / compare / day / 18 / test / result / day / 1 / test / result


The doctor examines Morgan and compares his day 18 test results to his day 1 test results.



Sentence 7

Morgan / blood / pressure / very / high / and / cholesterol / level / rise / 60 / point


Morgan's blood pressure is very high, and his cholesterol level has risen (by) 60 points.



Sentence 8

doctor / tell / Morgan / liver / sick / and / compare / it / liver / alcoholic


The doctor tells Morgan (that) his liver is sick and compares it to the liver of an alcoholic.



Sentence 9

although / doctor / think / Morgan / unlikely / wipe / liver / next / two / week / he / still / strong / recommend / Morgan / stop / do / what / he / do


Although the doctor thinks (that) Morgan is unlikely to wipe out his liver in the next two weeks, he still strongly recommends (that) Morgan stop doing what he is doing.



Sentence 10

judge / dismiss / lawsuit / MacDonald's / because / two / girl / fail / show / eat / MacDonald's / food / cause / injury


The judge dismissed the lawsuit against MacDonald's because the two girls failed to show (that) eating MacDonald's food had caused their injuries.



Sentence 11

over / 30 / day / Morgan / gain / about / 25 / pound / increase / body / fat / percentage / and / double / risk / heart / disease


Over 30 days, Morgan gained about 25 pounds, increased his body fat percentage, and doubled his risk of heart disease.



Sentence 12

he / often / feel / depress / and / mood / and / he / even / lose / sex / drive


He often felt depressed and moody, and he even lost his sex drive.



Sentence 13

addition / more / MacDonald's / food / Morgan / eat / more / he / crave / it


In addition, the more MacDonald's food Morgan ate, the more he craved it.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. How was Morgan's health when he started his diet? What things did the doctors' measure?
  2. One of the doctors (the cardiologist) predicted that Morgan's diet would have very few effects on his health? Why?
  3. On day 18, what did the doctor (the GP) seem most surprised by?
  4. Summarize the effects of Morgan's diet on his health. Which effects most surprised you?
  5. Morgan mentions that the lawsuit was dismissed because "the two girls failed to show that eating Macdonald's food was what caused their injuries." How do you feel about the judge's decision?
  6. This documentary was made in 2004. Do you think Morgan's health has been affected long-term by his diet? How?
  7. Again, this documentary was made in 2004. What changes have you noticed at fast food restaurants since that time?
  8. How do you feel right after eating MacDonald's food (or other fast-food)? How do you feel a few hours later?
  9. Did this movie change your view of fast-food? Did this movie change your view of your own eating habits? If so, how?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


I knew if I was going to do this, I would need some serious medical supervision. So I enlisted the help of not one, but three doctors: a cardiologist, a gastroenterologist, and a general practitioner.

You're feeling quite well today?

Yes, quite well.

In general, any fatigue or weight loss, weight gain? Any change in your vision?

No fever? No earaches? No cough? No shortness of breath? No chest pain?

Are you taking any medications of any sort?

I don't. I've just been taking some vitamins.

Okay. Any food allergies or anything?

No.

Very good.

You're going to go downstairs to get your bloods drawn.

So the reason we have you fasting - the true cholesterol and glucose numbers fasting. So if you had like a bacon egg and cheese, your cholesterol would be way high. Or if you had like orange juice, your glucose would be really high.

Three down.

Your blood tests are excellent, okay. You're starting off with a cholesterol total cholesterol of 168, which is less than 200, and it's really superb.

Your blood level's fine. Your iron level is good as well.

You have no evidence of diabetes. Your fasting blood sugar is very low.

The other thing that we looked at were all your electrolytes. In terms of salts in your blood, your kidney function, your liver function, they were all perfect.

I expect to see an increase in your triglycerides because that will can be affected. You're at 87 now, and I think that will change. And I think that's the only thing that will change.

Out of everything?

Out of everything.

I mean, you know there might be some minor variations, but the body is extremely adaptable. And the kidneys will handle any extra salt that you're taking in. And your liver will be able to metabolize additional fats.

As far as you gaining weight, you probably will. As far as your cholesterol going up, it probably will. As far as you feeling miserable, maybe. I don't know. Unless you start cheating and just order the salads.


Oh, I feel horrible today. My headache's coming back again. It feels like somebody's yanking on the tendons behind my eyes. My body officially hates me.


150 over 90. The headaches might even be hypertensive headaches, but they're probably not. They're probably related to, you know, blood sugar. You might be in this hyperinsulinemic state. 150 over 110.

The total cholesterol is 165 before. Now it's 225.

A liver that's inflamed in any way or sick in any way will leak some of its enzymes out into the blood. So this is very non-specific, but it means that the liver is sick. And the most likely cause of your liver sickness is a fatty liver. Your liver is not like pate.

SGOT was originally 21.

Now it's 130.

And this GPT was originally uh 20, was 22.90. A more than 10-fold increase.

That's good?

Not good! Not good! not good!

Anybody would say right now that you're sick. You'll feel fatigued with this. You'll feel lethargic with this. You'll feel run down with this. You'll feel...

So if somebody were doing this to the liver with alcohol, they could theoretically wipe out the liver. You could wipe out all the liver cells, and they'd be in liver failure.

Now I've never heard of anybody doing this to their liver with a high fat diet, but I guess anything's possible. I don't know. I can't answer the question. It's never been done before. No one's ever wiped out the liver with a high fat diet before.

Wow. And I won't wipe out my liver in two more weeks?

I would think it'd be unlikely. I don't want to tell you (that) you wouldn't. I mean my advice to you is to tell you to stop doing what you're doing because it's hurting you. You're sick. You're sick, and you're making yourself sick. And you can make yourself unsick by stopping doing what you're doing.


After six months of deliberation, Judge Robert Sweet dismissed the lawsuit against Macdonald's. The big reason: the two girls failed to show that eating Macdonald's food was what caused their injuries.

Interesting. In only 30 days of eating nothing but Macdonald's, I gained 24 and a half pounds.

My liver turned to fat and my cholesterol shot up 65 points.

My body fat percentage went from 11 to 18 percent, still below the national average of 22 percent for men and 30 percent for women.

I nearly doubled my risk of coronary heart disease making myself twice as likely to have heart failure.

I felt depressed and exhausted most of the time. My mood swung on a dime, and my sex life was non-existent.

I craved this food more and more when I ate it. And I got massive headaches when I didn't.

In my final blood test, many of my body functions showed signs of improvement. But the doctors were less than optimistic.