#8. The Opposite

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Published: 6.27.2018
Level 4   |   Time: 4:36
Accent: American
Source: Seinfeld [S5 E22]

George's life is not going well, so he decides to do the opposite of his first thought in every situation.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ turn out [phv] - happen
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ promise [n] - potential
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ personable [adj] - friendly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bright [adj] - smart
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ perceptive [adj] - able to notice small details
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an instinct [n] - a feeling
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ intimidated [adj] - scared
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ work out [phv] - happen successfully
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rye (bread) [n] - a dark wheat bread
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ superficialities [n] - focus on appearance or things that are not important
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ cut (someone) off [phv] - move in front of another car suddenly while driving
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Take it easy! [exp] - Relax!
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ It's not the end of the world [exp] - It is not very important.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ tongue action [exp] - kissing
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ shut your traps [exp] - shut your mouths
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take it outside [exp] - go outside and fight
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ kidding [exp] - not serious
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ come up [phy] - come (up) to my apartment

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 Antecedentes


picture picture picture
George Jerry Elaine
  • George, Jerry and Elaine are friends who all live in New York City.
  • George and Jerry went to high school together.
  • George has not had a job for a long time.

triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. George is planning to go to the beach.
    True
    False

  2. George is happy with his life.
    True
    False

  3. Elaine thinks that George is very smart.
    True
    False

  4. Geroge thinks he always makes the wrong decision.
    True
    False

  5. George orders the same lunch that he always orders.
    True
    False

  6. Jerry thinks that tuna is the opposite of salmon.
    True
    False

  7. Elaine encourages George to talk to the woman that looked at him.
    True
    False

  8. George lives with his parents.
    True
    False

  9. Jerry encourages George to do the opposite of what he normally does.
    True
    False

  10. The woman ordered the same lunch as George.
    True
    False

  11. George lies to the woman about his job and his life.
    True
    False

  12. George would normally lie to the woman about his job and his life.
    True
    False

  13. George tells the woman that he is very concerned about his appearance.
    True
    False

  14. George gets very angry when someone cuts him off while he is driving.
    True
    False

  15. George would normally get very angry when someone cuts him off while he is driving.
    True
    False

  16. The woman suggests moving to another seat in the movie theater.
    True
    False

  17. George tells the two men in the theater to shut up.
    True
    False

  18. George would normally tell two loud men in a theater to shut up.
    True
    False

  19. The woman invites George to come up to her apartment.
    True
    False

  20. George comes up to the woman's apartment.
    True
    False



triangle Vocabulary Review 어휘 검토 Vocabulario revisión


Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.


  • George thinks that he is (perceptive) because he always knows when people feel unhappy at a party.
  • George thinks he is (personable) because he is able to talk to new people easily.
  • George often feels (intimidated) when he talks to attractive women.
  • Elaine thinks that George is not (bright) because he is not good at academics.
  • George didn't get angry when a car (cut him off) while he was driving.
  • George is sad because he thinks nothing ever (works out) in his life.
  • The woman invites George to (come up) to her apartment.
  • George wants to (take it outside) if the two men in the theater won't be quiet.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

It is not working, Jerry. It is just not working.



Clip 2

Why did it all turn out like this for me?



Clip 3

Every decision I have ever made in my entire life has been wrong.



Clip 4

Nothing has ever worked out for me with tuna on toast.



Clip 5

Well, there is no telling what can happen from this.



Clip 6

You know, chicken salad is not the opposite of tuna. Salmon is the opposite of tuna.



Clip 7

You know, that woman just looked at you.



Clip 8

So what? What am I supposed to do?



Clip 9

Instead of tuna salad and being intimidated by women, chicken salad and going right up to them.



Clip 10

If every instinct you have is wrong, then the opposite would have to be right.



Clip 11

I used to sit here and do nothing, and regret it for the rest of the day.



Clip 12

You just ordered the same exact lunch as me.



Clip 13

Are you growing a beard?



Clip 14

What are we going to do? Should we just move?



Clip 15

And if I have to tell you again, we are going to take it outside and I am going to show you what it is like!



Clip 16

Because I would love it!



Clip 17

Are you sure you don't want to come up?



Clip 18

I mean, it is only nine thirty.



Clip 19

I am the opposite of every guy you have ever met.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. George does at least 5 opposite things in the video. Can you name them? How do you think he normally reacts in these situations?
  2. Do you think the new relationship with Victoria will go well for George?
  3. Why do you think Victoria is attracted to George?
  4. George is short, chubby and bald, has no job, has no money and lives with his parents. Which of these qualities is the least attractive (worst)? Why?
  5. Do you think doing the opposite is a good strategy? How would your life change if you tried it out?
  6. Is it unusual to live with your parents when you are in your 30s or 40s? Will you be disappointed if you are still living with your parents at that age?
  7. What makes you furious when you are driving? How do you get back at them?
  8. What would you do if the people behind you in a theater were loud and kicking the seat?
  9. What would you do if a handsome man or beautiful woman smiled at you in a restaurant?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Jerry: Speaking of having it all ... Where were you?

George: I went to the beach. (Jerry and Elaine exchange looks)

Jerry: Oh, the beach.

George: It's not working, Jerry. It's just not working.

Jerry: What is it that isn't working?

George: Why did it all turn out like this for me? I had so much promise. I was personable, I was bright. Oh, maybe not academically speaking, but ... I was perceptive. I always know when someone's uncomfortable at a party.

Jerry: Gotta napkin over there?

George: It became very clear to me sitting out there today, that every decision I've ever made, in my entire life, has been wrong. My life is the complete opposite of everything I wanted to be. Every instinct I have, in every aspect, be it something to wear, something to eat ... It's all been wrong.

Waitress: Tuna on toast, coleslaw, cup of coffee.

George: Yeah. No, no, no, wait a minute, I always have tuna on toast. Nothing's ever worked out for me with tuna on toast. I want the complete opposite of tuna on toast – chicken salad on rye, untoasted with a side of potato salad and a cup of tea.

Elaine: Well, there's no telling what can happen from this.

Jerry: You know chicken salad is not the opposite of tuna. Salmon is the opposite of tuna, 'cos salmon swim against the current, and the tuna swim with it.

George: Good for the tuna.

Elaine: Ah, George, you know, that woman just looked at you.

George: So what? What am I supposed to do?

Elaine: Go talk to her.

George: Elaine, bald men with no jobs, and no money, who live with their parents don't approach strange women.

Jerry: Well here's your chance to try the opposite. Instead of tuna salad and being intimidated by women, chicken salad and going right up to them.

George: Yeah, I should do the opposite, I should.

Jerry: If every instinct you have is wrong, then the opposite would have to be right.

George: Yes, I will do the opposite. I used to sit here and do nothing, and regret it for the rest of the day, so now I will do the opposite, and I will do something!

George: Excuse me, I couldn't help but notice that you were looking in my direction.

Victoria: Oh, yes I was. You just ordered the same exact lunch as me.

George: My name is George. I'm unemployed and I live with my parents.

Victoria: I'm Victoria. Hi.



Victoria: Are you growing a beard?

George: Why shave every day? It just grows right back.

Victoria: I guess ...

George: I'm afraid I'm just not interested in how I present myself. If those kind of superficialities are important to you, this probably isn't gonna work.

Victoria: Hey watch it, he just cut you off! Did you see that?!

George: Take it easy. Take it easy. It's not the end of the world.



Man 1: Hey baby, how about a little tongue action, huh?

Man 2: Yeah, stick your tongue down his throat!

Victoria: What are we gonna do? Should we just move?

George: That won't be necessary. Shut your traps and stop kicking the seats! We're trying to watch the movie! And if I have to tell you again, we're gonna take it outside and I'm gonna show you what it's like! You understand me? Now, shut your mouths or I'll shut'em for ya, and if you think I'm kidding, just try me. Try me. Because I would love it!



Victoria: Are you sure you don't wanna come up, I mean, it's only nine thirty.

George: I don't think we should. We really don't know each other very well.

Victoria: Who are you, George Costanza?

George: I'm the opposite of every guy you've ever met.

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