Learn English with The Big Bang Theory

#10. Money in Relationships

Published: 2.04.2022
Level 5   |   Time: 4:58
Accent: American

Leonard and Penny are worried that money may become a problem in their relationship.

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the company car [n] - a car given to an employee by a company
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ We're even. [exp] - We are equal. We don't owe anything to each other.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a thoughtful gesture [n] - a kind act or action
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ engaged [adj] - promised to be married
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ awkward [adj] - feeling embarrassed or inconvenient
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ for the sake of accuracy [exp] - in order to be accurate
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ significant assets [n] - objects of great value or worth
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Star Trek collector plates [exp] - plates (for food) with pictures of famous Star Trek characters [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Scotty [n] - a Star Trek character [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an auction [n] - a public sale in which things are sold to the highest bidder
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ mint condition [adj] - perfect (new) condition
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ falconry school [n] - a school to learn how to handle and hunt with falcons (birds)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a Groupon [n] - a group coupon
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ swing [v] - trade or share sexual partners
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a chore chart [n] - a chart used to track chores done around the house
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a pity star [n] - a star given to be kind, not given for doing a good job
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ soak [v] - left in water for a long time
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an allowance [n] - a small amount of spending money (usually given to children by parents)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a stipend [n] - a small amount of spending money (usually given to employees by companies)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a provider [n] - a person who supports a family financially
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ emasculated [adj] - take away a man's masculine identity, made to feel weak
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bossy [adj] - enjoy giving orders to people

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes

picture picture picture picture
Penny Leonard Bernadette Howard
  • Leonard and Penny are recently engaged.
  • Penny has been a poor actress/waitress until recently.
  • She now has a high paying job selling medical supplies and pharmaceuticals.
  • Howard (Howie) and Bernadette have been married for a few years.
  • Bernadette earns much more money than Howard.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas

  1. ______ gives some money to ______.
    Penny, Leonard
    Leonard, Penny

  2. ______ had given a car to ______.
    Penny, Leonard
    Leonard, Penny

  3. ______ sold the car because he/she got a company car.

  4. ______ want(s) to keep the money.
    Both Leonard and Penny
    Neither Leonard nor Penny

  5. ______ want to talk to ______ about money.
    Leonard and Penny, Bernadette and Howard
    Bernadette and Howard, Leonard and Penny

  6. ______ makes much more money than ______.
    Bernadette, Howard
    Howard, Bernadette

  7. ______ recently bought an expensive Star Trek plate.

  8. ______ took some falconry classes.

  9. ______ is supposed to ask for permission before he/she spends money.

  10. ______ didn't pay the credit card bill on time.

  11. ______ feels he/she does most of the chores around the house.

  12. ______ has a chore chart.

  13. ______ did a poor job washing the dishes.

  14. ______ receives an allowance.

  15. ______ mother emasculated his/her father.

  16. ______ made the bed.

  17. ______ wants to leave.

triangle Sentence Building 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]


This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)


Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).


이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.

Sentence 1

Penny / give / Leonard / envelope / full / cash

Penny gives Leonard an envelope full of cash.

Sentence 2

she / sell / car / Leonard / give / her / because / company / give / her / new / car

She sold the car (that/which) Leonard had given her because her company gave her a new car.

Sentence 4

Leonard / Penny / start / argue / who / should / keep / money

Leonard and Penny start [to argue/arguing] over who should keep the money.

Sentence 5

Leonard / Penny / visit / Bernadette / Howard / get / advice

Leonard and Penny visit Bernadette and Howard (in order) to get (some) advice.

Sentence 6

Bernadette / remind / Howard / she / make / significant / money / he

Bernadette reminds Howard (that) she makes significantly more money than he does.

Sentence 7

Bernadette / Leonard / start / argue / thing / they / waste / money

Bernadette and Leonard start [to argue/arguing] over the things (that/which) they waste (their) money on.

Sentence 8

Howard / get / allowance / based / complete / task / chore / chart

Howard gets an allowance based on completing tasks on [a/his] chore chart.

Sentence 9

Penny / worry / she / might / earn / money / Leonard / future

Penny is worried (that) she might earn more money than Leonard in the future.

Sentence 10

Leonard / mother / emasculate / father / so / he / not / worry

Leonard's mother emasculated his father, so he is not worried.

Sentence 11

Bernadette / Howard / continue / argue / Howard / chore

Bernadette and Howard continue [arguing/to argue] over Howard's chores.

Sentence 12

Leonard / want / leave / but / Penny / want / stay / and / find / Howard / get / star

Leonard wants to leave, but Penny wants to stay and find out [if/whether] Howard gets a star.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. What is Penny worried about? Why is Leonard not worried?
  2. Howard and Bernadette are having issues because Bernadette earns so much more money than Howard. Do you think Leonard and Penny will have similar issues if Penny earns more than Leonard? Why?
  3. Do you think Howie will get the star?
  4. How long do you think Howard's and Bernadette's marriage will last? In your opinion, what is at the root of their problems?
  5. If you lend/give money to your partner (girlfriend/boyfriend), do you expect him/her to pay you back? Why?
  6. Who makes more money in your family – your mother or your father?
  7. Would you be okay with your wife earning more than you? / Would you be okay with your husband earning less than you?
  8. What is a good way to motivate children (or spouses) to do chores? Do you like the idea of a chore chart with stars being connected to an allowance?
  9. At what age did you start getting an allowance? How much was it? At what age did you stop getting an allowance?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

Penny: Uh, listen, I've got some good news. This is for you. Huh. What is this?

Penny: Well, you know how they gave me the company car? It didn’t make sense to have two, so I sold the other one.

Leonard: The one I gave you?

Penny: Yeah. And there's your money back... and now we're even. How great is that?

Leonard: Uh, yeah.

Penny: What?

Leonard: Nothing.

Penny: Oh, come on, Leonard, I know the car was a thoughtful gesture and I really appreciate it, but it doesn't make sense to have both.

Leonard: You know what, you don't have to give me this. You keep it.

Penny: Why?

Leonard: The car was a gift... it was something you needed. I was happy to help you out.

Penny: And I really appreciate it, but now I don't need it, so here you go.

Leonard: Well, this is silly. So you don't need the car, but you could use it to buy yourself something else, like a... new purse to put all this money in.

Penny: Sweetie, I can buy my own stuff. I have a good job now.

Leonard: I know, and I'm proud of you, but that doesn't mean I can't do something nice like this.

Penny: Okay, I don't want this to turn into a fight.

Leonard: I don't, either.

Penny: Great. Thank you. Can you pass the salt, please?

Leonard: Sure.

Leonard: Thanks again for having us.

Bernadette: Oh, of course. What did you guys want to talk about?

Penny: Well, you know, now that we're engaged, we had some questions about how you handle money as a couple.

Howie: So what did you want to know?

Penny: Well, do you guys ever fight over money?

Bernadette: Sure, sometimes. I mean, it can be a little awkward since I make so much more money than Howie.

Howie: You didn't have to say “so much more.”

Bernadette: Well, I didn't have to, but for the sake of accuracy, I felt that I should.

Howie: I brought a lot of significant assets into the relationship, too.

Bernadette: Like what? Your incomplete set of Star Trek collector plates?

Howie: For your information, I just bought the last one I needed on eBay.

Bernadette: Without asking me?

Howie: There were only three minutes left in the auction and it was a mint condition Scotty from a smoke-free home.

Bernadette: How much, Howie?

Howie: Not a lot.

Bernadette: How much?

Howie: Let's not talk about this in front of our friends.

Bernadette: Was it more or less than falconry school?

Howie: For the tenth time, that was a Groupon.

Leonard: Like I would swing with him.

Howie: Talk about wasted money. What about the late fees on our credit card because somebody didn’t pay the bill on time?

Bernadette: Well, maybe I would have paid it if I wasn't also doing everything else around here.

Howie: Oh, you're saying I don't do anything around here. Look at my chore chart.

Leonard: She made him a chore chart.

Penny: I see it.

Howie: “Do the dishes.” There's a star right there.

Bernadette: That was a pity star. Putting water in the roasting pan and leaving it in the sink is not doing the dishes.

Howie: That pan had to soak and you know it.

Bernadette: Well, don't come crying to me when you don't get your allowance.

Howie: It's not an allowance. It's a stipend! And we said we weren't gonna call it an allowance in front of my friends.

Bernadette: Sorry you guys had to see that.

Penny: Oh, don't apologize.

Leonard: Yeah. It just makes it a lot harder to pretend it never happened.

Bernadette: Money's a sensitive subject for Howie because of the difference in our income.

Penny: It really bothers him?

Bernadette: Well, sure. There's still a lot of pressure on guys to be providers. So even though he's happy for me, it's just a little tough on him.

Penny: Uh-oh.

Leonard: What?

Penny: Well, if I do well in sales, I could end up making a lot more money than you.

Leonard: Not a problem. I grew up with a mother who emasculated my father financially and in every other aspect of his life, so... ...really, it's what I think love looks like.

Bernadette: I'll be right back. I'm gonna go check on him.

Penny: Maybe it's a good thing we came here. It's like a lesson in what not to do.

Leonard: Yeah I don't want something dumb like money to come between us.

Penny: It won't. Let's just promise to figure this kind of stuff out before we get married.

Howie: Why are you being so bossy?!

Bernadette: Why are you being a baby?

Howie: I'm not a baby! I'm a grown man, and I made the bed. Now where's my star?

Leonard: Should we go?

Penny: Hang on. I want to see if he gets the star.

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