#20. Joey works at Central Perk

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Published: 4.18.2017
Level 4  |  Time: 4:21
Accent: American
Source: Friends [S6 E12]

Joey needs a job, so he starts working at the coffee shop where all of his friends hang out.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ cut down on [phv] - reduce or lessen
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a regular [n] - a regular cast member on a TV show
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a soap opera [n] - a daytime TV show
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ wait on [phv] - serve, be a waiter
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ heading up there [exp] - going there
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ You got it! [exp] - Ok!
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ wink [v] - close one eye
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an apron [n] - clothes waiters wear to protect their clothes
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ What's going on? [exp] - What's happening?
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cape [n] - clothes worn on one's back (like superman)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ weird [adj] - strange
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ yellow snow [n] - snow that has been urinated (peed) on
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pass on my wisdom [exp] - give knowledge to someone
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ goes a long way [exp] - is valuable or helpful
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ clear out [phv] - go away
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ turnover [n] - getting new customers
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ toss in [phv] - give something (for free)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Check it out! [exp] - Watch me!
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get my hair dyed [exp] - pay someone to change my hair color
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an audition [n] - a trial to try to join a TV show
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ be in charge [exp] - be the boss, be responsible
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get his hair dyed [exp] - change his hair color
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ get away with that [exp] - do something without consequences
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ straighten out [phv] - fix (a problem)

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 Antecedentes


Joey Rachel Ross Monica
Joey Rachel Ross Monica
  • Central Perk is the friends' favorite coffee house.
  • Gunther is the owner/boss of Central Perk.

triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. Why can't Joey pay his bill?
    He doesn't like the coffee.
    He doesn't have a job.
    He forgot his wallet.

  2. What job did Joey used to have?
    A waiter at a restaurant
    An actor on a soap opera
    A professor at a university

  3. Why doesn't Joey want to work at the coffee house?
    The pay is low.
    His friends come there often.
    He doesn't like the customers.

  4. Why does Rachel tell Joey not to go behind the counter?
    It is rude.
    She is jealous.
    She doesn't know he works there.

  5. Why didn't Joey tell his friends about his job?
    He forgot.
    He is embarrassed.
    He doesn't want to give them a discount.

  6. What are the good things about working at the coffee house?
    The pay is good.
    The work is easy.
    He can wear an apron.
    He can drink free coffee.

  7. What does Ross want?
    Snow
    Coffee
    Money
    A muffin

  8. Who used to work at the coffee house?
    Ross
    Phoebe
    Rachel
    Monica
    Chandler

  9. What advice does Rachel give to Joey?
    Smile a lot
    Don't sneeze
    Eat a lot of muffins

  10. Why is Ross angry?
    Joey lied to him about working at the coffee house.
    Joey didn't bring him his coffee.
    The coffee is too expensive.
    The coffee is too hot.

  11. Why did Joey get fired?
    He was late.
    He was rude to a customer.
    He made a lot of mistakes.
    He left to do a movie audition.

  12. Why did Gunther leave Joey in charge?
    Because Joey was a good worker.
    Because Rachel told him to do it.
    Because Gunther had to go shopping.
    Because Gunther was getting his hair dyed.

  13. How long did Joey work at the coffee house before he got fired?
    a couple of hours
    a couple of days
    a couple of weeks

  14. How does Joey get his job back?
    Rachel tells Gunther to give Joey his job back.
    Gunther wants to make Ross angry.
    Gunther feels guilty about firing Joey.
    Joey begs for his job.



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Joey / not / afford / pay / coffee / because / he / not / work / moment


Joey can't afford to pay for his coffee because he is not working at the moment.



Sentence 2

Gunther / offer / him / job / cafe


Gunther offers him a job at the cafe.



Sentence 3

Joey / hesitant / work / cafe / because / he / would / have / wait / friend


Joey is hesitant to work at the cafe because he would have to wait on his friends.



Sentence 4

Joey / decide / accept / job / because / pay / good / hour / flexible


Joey decides to accept the job because the pay is good and the hours are flexible.



Sentence 5

Joey / embarrass / because / he / used / actor / but / now / he / waiter


Joey is embarrassed because he used to be an actor but now he is waiter.



Sentence 6

Joey / feel / weird / serve / friend


Joey feels weird serving his friends.



Sentence 7

Rachel / excite / because / she / can / pass / wisdom / Joey


Rachel is excited because she can pass her wisdom on to Joey.
Rachel is excited because she can pass on her wisdom to Joey.



Sentence 8

Rachel / tell / Joey / give / rude / customer / sneeze / muffin


Rachel tells Joey to give rude customers a sneeze muffin.



Sentence 9

Joey / ask / Gunther / cover / him / so / he / can / go / act / audition


Joey asks Gunther to cover for him so that he can go to an acting audition.



Sentence 10

Gunther / not / cover / Joey / because / he / have / appointment / get / hair / dye


Gunther can't cover for Joey because he has an appointment to get his hair dyed.



Sentence 11

Joey / go / audition / anyways / so / Gunther / fire / him


Joey goes to the audition anyways, so Gunther fires him.



Sentence 12

when / Rachel / hear / Joey / story / she / insist / Gunther / give / Joey / job / back


When Rachel hears Joey's story, she insists (that) Gunther give Joey his job back.



triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat


This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.


Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.


Clip 1

I can't pay for this right now



Clip 2

I'm not working, so I've had to cut down on some luxuries like uh, paying for stuff.



Clip 3

Uh, I don't know.



Clip 4

And plus, you know, I'd have to wait on all my friends.



Clip 5

Maybe I could be a waiter. Could I use the phone?



Clip 6

Listen, (do) you want anything to drink because I'm heading up there.



Clip 7

Joey, what are you doing?



Clip 8

I don't think you're supposed to go back there.



Clip 9

Why didn't you tell us you work here?



Clip 10

It's supposed to go in the other direction.



Clip 11

I guess if I'm going to be hanging out here anyway, I might as well get paid for it, right?



Clip 12

Finally, I have someone I can pass on my wisdom to.



Clip 13

Let me tell you about a couple of things I learned while working at the coffee house.



Clip 14

Seriously, can I get my coffee?



Clip 15

Can you cover for me? I just got an audition.



triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. Why does Joey not want to work at the cafe? Why does he accept the job?
  2. Why does Joey get fired? Why does Gunther give him his job back?
  3. Joey continues to work at the cafe for a few more episodes. What problems do you think he will have? What aspects of the job will he be good at?
  4. Have you ever been fired? What was the reason?
  5. Have you ever had to serve your friends (as part of your job)? Was it fun or was it weird?
  6. Are you ever worried about the quality of the food at restaurants or cafes?
  7. Have you ever worked in a cafe or restaurant? Was the money good? What were the best and worst aspects of the job?

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Gunther: Here you go.

Joey: Ah, Gunther, I can't pay for this right now because I'm not working, so I've had to cut down on some luxuries like uh, paying for stuff. So...

Gunther: Well, if you want, you can work here.

Joey: Uh, I don't know. Ya see, it's just... See I was a regular on a soap opera y'know? And to go from that to this is just... And plus, I'd have to wait on all my friends.

Gunther: Okay, but the money's good.

Joey: Maybe I could be a waiter. Could I use the phone?

Joey: Hey Ross, listen, you want anything to drink, ‘cause I'm heading up there.

Ross: Uh, yeah, I'll take a coffee. Thanks, man.

Joey: Sure. Coffee? ‘Cause I'm going up there.

Rachel: No.

Monica: No, thank you.

Joey: You guys need anything? Because I'm heading up there.

Woman: I'd love an ice water.

Joey: You got it.

Monica: Joey, what are you doing?

Joey: Just being friendly.

Rachel: Joey, honey, I don't think you're supposed to go back there.

Joey: Nah, it's okay. Right, Gunther?

Gunther: Don't wink at me. And put on your apron.

Joey: Okay, but I don't see you asking any other paying customers to put on aprons.

Monica: Joey, do you work here?

Joey: No.

Customer: Waiter!

Joey: Yeah?


Monica: Joey, what's going on. Why didn't you tell us you work here?

Joey: It's kind of embarrassing, y'know. I mean, I was an actor and now I'm a waiter. It's supposed to go in the other direction.

Chandler: So is your apron. You're wearing it like a cape.

Joey: I mean, the job's easy and the money's good, you know? I guess if I'm going to be hanging out here anyway, I might as well get paid for it, right? I just feel kind of weird serving you guys, you know?

Rachel: Come on, Joey, I did it and it was fine.

Ross: Yeah, why would it be weird? Hey, Joey, can I get some coffee?

Joey: Okay, I guess it doesn't seem that weird.

Ross: Seriously, I asked you before and you still haven't gotten it.

Joey: See, now it's weird again.

Rachel: Well, you know what? This is great. Finally, I have someone I can pass on my wisdom to. Let me tell you about a couple of things I learned while working at the coffeehouse. First of all, the customer is always right. A smile goes a long way. And if anyone is ever rude to you, sneeze muffin.

Joey: Thanks, Rach. Look, you guys are just terrific. Y'know? Now, how about clearing out of here so I can get some new customers. It's all about turnover.

Ross: Joey. Seriously, can I get my coffee?

Joey: Oh, I'm sorry, Ross. I'll get it for you right now. And since I made you wait, I'll toss in a free muffin.


Joey: Hey Gunther. Can you cover for me? I just got an audition.

Gunther: No. I'm leaving to get my hair dyed.

Joey: Really. I like your natural color. Come on, man. It's a great part. Look. Check it out. I am the lead guy's best friend. And I wait for him in this bar and I save his seat. Listen. Listen. "I'm sorry. That seat's saved."

Gunther: That's the whole part.

Joey: Okay, maybe he's not his best friend.

Gunther: Okay. I'll see you in an hour.


Chandler: Hey, buddy boy, how'd the audition go?

Joey: Not good, no. I didn't get the part, and I lost my job here, so...

Rachel: How-how did you lose your job here?

Joey: Well, I had the audition but Gunther said I had to stay here and be in charge so he could go get his hair dyed. So, I went anyway, and then he fired me.

Rachel: He left work in the middle of the day to do a personal errand and left you in charge when you've been working here two days? That's not, that's not right.

Joey: Yeah, what are ya gonna do?

Rachel: Joey, you can't let him get away with that. You know what, I'm not going to let him get away with that. I'm going to say something to him. No, I really shouldn't say anything. No, I should say something to him. Gunther, I want you to give Joey his job back. That is really not fair that you have to fire him…

Gunther: Okay.

Rachel: What?

Gunther: He can have his job back.

Rachel: That's right, he can have his job back. I'm glad we got that all straightened out. There you go, Joey, you got your job back.

Joey: That's great. Thanks Rach.

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