#3. The Quest

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Published: 5.20.2021
Level 6   |   Time: 3:59
Accent: British
Source: The Hobbit

Thorin, Gandalf and the dwarves discuss their quest to the Lonely Mountain.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a quest [n] - a long and difficult search for something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ my dear fellow [exp] - my good friend
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a peak [n] - a mountain [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a raven [n] - a black bird [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the reign [n] - the period during which a person controls some land or country (or mountain)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a beast [n] - a dangerous animal or monster
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a calamity [n] - a disaster
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ our age [exp] - our era, our time
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ razors [n] - sharp thin pieces of metal
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a claw [n] - the sharp foot of an animal [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ airborne [adj] - able to fly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ be fond of [exp] - like
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ precious metals [n] - gold, silver, platinum
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ weighing the risk [exp] - deciding how dangerous something is
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sit back [exp] - wait, do nothing
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ claim [v] - take
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ vast wealth [exp] - a lot of wealth
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ seize this chance [exp] - take the opportunity
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a gate [n] - a door [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sealed [adj] - permanently closed
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ for safekeeping [exp] - in a safe place
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ runes [n] - old letters or writing [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a great deal of stealth [exp] - skilled at moving quietly and unseen like a thief
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ no small amount of courage [exp] - a lot of courage
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a burglar [n] - a thief [image]
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ He's hardly burglar material. [exp] - He doesn't seem fit to be a burglar.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ light on their feet [exp] - able to move quietly, quickly, nimbly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pass unseen [exp] - move without being seen
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ scent [n] - smell

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 Antecedentes


Bilbo Gandalf Thorin
Bilbo Gandalf Thorin
  • The dwarves have recently arrived at Bilbo's home.
  • Thorin is the leader of the dwarves.
  • Thorin is the son of a dwarf king (Thrain)
  • A dragon took the dwarves' home from them many years ago.
  • The dwarves' home is called Erebor, and it is located in the Lonely Mountain.

triangle Questions 문제 Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.


  1. What does Gandalf asks Bilbo for?
    More food
    More light
    More time
    More wine

  2. Where is the Lonely Mountain?
    To the east
    To the north
    Fairly close
    Far away

  3. What has recently been seen flying back to the mountain?
    Dragons
    Ravens
    Griffons
    Eagles

  4. What does this mean?
    The dragon is dead.
    The reign of the dragon will soon end.
    The dragon will soon begin hunting again.

  5. What are dragons fond of?
    Wine
    Hobbits
    Dwarves
    Precious metals

  6. What is the name of the dragon?
    Smaug
    Smoke
    Spike
    Steve

  7. When was the dragon last seen?
    weeks ago
    months ago
    60 years ago
    160 years ago

  8. Why does Balin think that the task is impossible?
    Gandalf is too weak.
    The dragon is too powerful.
    The mountain is too far away.
    There is no way to enter the mountain.

  9. What does Gandalf give to Thorin?
    A key
    A warning
    A magic ring
    A letter from his father

  10. Why does Gandalf think that it will still be difficult to enter the mountain?
    Dwarf doors are invisible.
    Bilbo is not a great burglar.
    The dragon knows they are coming.
    Many monsters guard the mountain.

  11. What is Gandalf's problem?
    Gandalf cannot read the map.
    Gandalf does not trust Thorin.
    Gandalf is afraid of the dragon.
    Gandalf is too big to enter the mountain.

  12. What does Gandalf want Bilbo to do on the quest?
    Be a burglar
    Find the door
    Read the map
    Kill the dragon

  13. Why does Gandalf think Bilbo will be useful?
    Hobbits are good fighters.
    Hobbits are good climbers.
    Dragons are fond of hobbits.
    Hobbits can stay hidden quite well.
    Hobbits can move quickly and quietly.
    The dragon is not familiar with hobbits.



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

Gandalf / take / map / and / show / dwarf / where / Lonely / Mountain / locate


Gandalf takes out a map(,) and (he) shows the dwarves where the Lonely Mountain is located.



Sentence 2

there / sign / indicate / dragon / reign / soon / end


There are signs that indicate (that) the dragon's reign will soon end.
There are signs indicating (that) the dragon's reign will soon end.



Sentence 3

one / dwarf / describe / Smaug / Bilbo


One of the dwarves describes Smaug to Bilbo.
One dwarf describes Smaug to Bilbo.



Sentence 4

Thorin / try / inspire / other / dwarf


Thorin tries to inspire the other dwarves.



Sentence 5

Gandalf / give / Thorin / key / belong / father


Gandalf gives Thorin a key that belonged to [his/Thorin's] father.
Gandalf gives Thorin a key that used to belong to [his/Thorin's] father.



Sentence 6

Gandalf / tell / dwarf / why / secret / door / will / hard / find


Gandalf tells the dwarves why the secret door will be hard to find.



Sentence 7

dwarf / question / Bilbo / skill / burglar


The dwarves question Bilbo's skill as a burglar.



Sentence 8

Gandalf / explain / why / Bilbo / useful / quest


Gandalf explains why Bilbo will be useful on the quest.



Sentence 9

Gandalf / ask / Thorin / trust / him


Gandalf asks Thorin to trust him.



Sentence 10

Thorin / begrudging / agree / take / Bilbo / quest


Thorin begrudgingly agrees to take Bilbo on the quest.



triangle Compare the Book 책을 비교하다 Comparar el libro


The text below is from the [ original novel ]. You can also read a [ shortened version ] of the novel.

  1. Which parts of the video are the same as the novel?
  2. Which parts of the video are different from the novel?
  3. Which parts of the novel are not in the video?


You asked me to find the fourteenth man for your expedition, and I chose Mr. Baggins. Just let any one say I chose the wrong man or the wrong house, and you can stop at thirteen and have all the bad luck you like, or go back to digging coal.”

He scowled so angrily at Gloin that the dwarf huddled back in his chair; and when Bilbo tried to open his mouth to ask a question, he turned and frowned at him and stuck out his bushy eyebrows, till Bilbo shut his mouth tight.

“That's right,” said Gandalf. “Let's have no more argument. I have chosen Mr. Baggins and that ought to be enough for all of you. If I say he is a Burglar, a Burglar he is, or will be when the time comes.

There is a lot more in him than you guess, and a deal more than he has any idea of himself. You may (possibly) all live to thank me yet.

Now Bilbo, my boy, fetch the lamp, and let's have a little light on this!”

On the table in the light of a big lamp with a red shade he spread a piece of parchment rather like a map.

“This was made by your grandfather Thor, he said in answer to the dwarves' excited questions. “It is a plan of the Mountain.”

“I don't see that this will help us much,” said Thorin disappointedly after a glance. “I remember the Mountain well enough and the lands about it. And I know where Mirkwood is, and the Withered Heath where the great dragons bred.”

“There is a dragon marked in red on the Mountain,” said Balin, “but it will be easy enough to find him without that, if ever we arrive there.”

“There is one point that you haven't noticed,” said the wizard, “and that is the secret entrance. You see that rune on the West side, and the hand pointing to it from the other runes? That marks a hidden passage to the Lower Halls.”

“It may have been secret once,” said Thorin, “but how do we know that it is secret any longer? Old Smaug has lived there long enough now to find out anything there is to know about those caves.”

“He may—but he can't have used it for years and years.”

“Why?”

“Because it is too small. ‘Five feet high the door and three may walk abreast' say the runes, but Smaug could not creep into a hole that size, not even when he was a young dragon, certainly not after devouring so many of the dwarves and men of Dale.”

“It seems a great big hole to me,” squeaked Bilbo (who had no experience of dragons and only of hobbit-holes). He was getting excited and interested again, so that he forgot to keep his mouth shut. He loved maps. “How could such a large door be kept secret from everybody outside, apart from the dragon?” he asked. He was only a little hobbit you must remember.

“In lots of ways,” said Gandalf. “But in what way this one has been hidden we don't know without going to see. From what it says on the map I should guess there is a closed door which has been made to look exactly like the side of the Mountain. That is the usual dwarves' method—I think that is right, isn't it?”

“Quite right,” said Thorin.

“Also,” went on Gandalf, “I forgot to mention that with the map went a key, a small and curious key. Here it is!” he said, and handed to Thorin a key with a long barrel and intricate wards, made of silver. “Keep it safe!”

“Indeed I will,” said Thorin, and he fastened it upon a fine chain that hung about his neck and under his jacket. “Now things begin to look more hopeful. This news alters them much for the better. So far we have had no clear idea what to do. We thought of going East, as quiet and careful as we could, as far as the as far as the Long Lake. After that the trouble would begin—.”

“A long time before that, if I know anything about the roads East,” interrupted Gandalf.

“We might go from there up along the River Running,” went on Thorin taking no notice, “and so to the ruins of Dale—the old town in the valley there, under the shadow of the Mountain. But we none of us liked the idea of the Front Gate. The river runs right out of it through the great cliff at the South of the Mountain, and out of it comes the dragon too—far too often, unless he has changed his habits.”

“That would be no good,” said the wizard, “not without a mighty Warrior, even a Hero. I tried to find one; but warriors are busy fighting one another in distant lands, and in this neighbourhood heroes are scarce, or simply not to be found. Swords in these parts are mostly blunt, and axes are used for trees, and shields as cradles or dish-covers; and dragons are comfortably far-off (and therefore legendary). That is why I settled on burglary—especially when I remembered the existence of a Side-door. And here is our little Bilbo Baggins, the burglar, the chosen and selected burglar. So now let's get on and make some plans.”

.....

“I have often wondered about my father's and my grandfather's escape. I see now they must have had a private Side-door which only they knew about. But apparently they made a map, and I should like to know how Gandalf got hold of it, and why it did not come down to me, the rightful heir.”

“I did not ‘get hold of it,' I was given it,” said the wizard. “Your grandfather Thror was killed, you remember, in the mines of Moria by Azog the Goblin.”

“Curse his name, yes,” said Thorin.

“And Thrain your father went away on the twenty-first of April, a hundred years ago last Thursday, and has never been seen by you since—”

“True, true,” said Thorin.

“Well, your father gave me this to give to you; and if I have chosen my own time and way for handing it over, you can hardly blame me, considering the trouble I had to find you. Your father could not remember his own name when he gave me the paper, and he never told me yours; so on the whole I think I ought to be praised and thanked! Here it is,” said he handing the map to Thorin.


[ printable .pdf ]

triangle Discussion 논의 Discusión


  1. Gandalf has had the map and key for 60 years. Should Thorin be angry that Gandalf kept it from him for so long?
  2. Why did Gandalf say that he kept the map and key from Thorin for 60 years? (It is explained in the novel. [Read: Compare the Novel - Final Paragraph]) Do you believe this explanation? Do you think Gandalf had another reason?
  3. Although Bilbo says that he has never stolen a thing in his life, Gandalf insists that he will be a good burglar. Why? Why does Gandalf think Bilbo will be a good burglar? Do you agree with Gandalf?
  4. Would you consider going on a life-threatening trip (or adventure) for a million dollars? How about two million dollars? How much money would you need?
  5. Below is the map that the dwarves will use to find the entrance to the mountain. What can you see on the map? Do you think it has enough detail?
  6. What do you think these runes represent?
    rune one rune two rune three rune four rune five

    the map

triangle Script 대본 Texto


Bilbo: You're doing a quest?

Gandalf: Bilbo, my dear fellow, let us have a little more light.

Gandalf: Far to the East lies a single solitary peak.

Bilbo: The Lonely Mountain.

Oin: Ravens have been seen flying back to the mountain as it was foretold. When the birds of the old return to Erebor, the reign of the beast will end.

Bilbo: What beast?

Bofur: Well that would be a reference to Smaug the terrible, chiefest and greatest calamity of our age. Airborne fire breather, teeth like razors, claws like meat hooks, extremely fond of precious metals.

Bilbo: Yes, I know what a dragon is.

Thorin: Rumors have begun to spread. The dragon Smaug has not been seen for sixty years. Eyes look east to the mountain, obsessing, wondering, weighing the risk. Perhaps the vast wealth of our people now lies unprotected. Do we sit back while others claim what is rightfully ours? Or do we seize this chance to take back Erebor?

Balin: You forget the front gate is sealed. There is no way into the mountain.

Gandalf: That, my dear Balin, is not entirely true.

Thorin: How came you by this?

Gandalf: It was given to me by your father by Thrain, for safekeeping. It is yours now.

Fili: If there is a key, there must be a door!

Gandalf: These runes speak of a hidden passage to the lower halls.

Kili: There's another way in.

Gandalf: Well, if we can find it, but dwarf doors are invisible when closed. The answer lies hidden somewhere in this map, and I do not have the skill to find it. But there are others in Middle-Earth who can. The task I have in mind will require a great deal of stealth, and no small amount of courage. But if we're careful and clever, I believe that it can be done.

Ori: That's why we need a burglar.

Bilbo: Hmm. And a good one too. An expert, I'd imagine.

Gloin: And are you?

Bilbo: Am I what?

Oin: He said he's an expert!

Bilbo: Me? No! No, No, No! I'm not a burglar. I've never stolen a thing in my life.

Balin: And I'm afraid I have to agree with Mr. Baggins. He's hardly burglar material.

Dwalin: Aye, the wild is no place for gentle folk who can neither fight nor fend for themselves.

Gandalf: Enough! If I say Bilbo Baggins is a burglar, then a burglar he is! Hobbits are remarkably light on their feet. In fact, they can pass unseen by most if they choose, and while the dragon is accustomed to the smell of a dwarf, the scent of a hobbit is all but unknown to him, which gives us a distinct advantage. You asked me to find the fourteenth member of this company, and I have chosen Mr. Baggins. There's a lot more to him than appearances suggest. And he's got a great deal more to offer than any of you know, including himself.

Gandalf: You must trust me on this.

Thorin: Very well.