Learn English with Passengers

#9. The End of a Life


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Published: 12.04.2021
Level 5   |   Time: 5:46
Accent: American
Source: Passengers

Gus finds out that his end-of-life transition has already begun.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ give out [phv] - stop working
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the big-ticket items [exp] - the large and important parts
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a burnt out processor [n] - a computer processor that has stopped working
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ on board [exp] - on the ship
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cascade failure [n] - many system failures, one after another
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a power surge [n] - a sudden increase in electricity that causes problems with electronics
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pick up the load [exp] - work harder because other parts stop working
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a risk analysis [n] - find the problems in a system
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ extrapolate [v] - make a guess based on data
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ imminent [adj] - will happen very soon
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ stranded [adj] - stuck, can't leave
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ diagnostics [n] - a computer program that helps identify errors
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ disorders [n] - health problems
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ override [v] - use one's authority to reject or cancel something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ on my authority [exp] - because of my high level
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Lay it on me. [exp] - Tell me the truth directly.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ goofy [adj] - foolish, not working properly
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ treatments [n] - medical care given to a patient for an illness or injury
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ end-of-life transition [exp] - death
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ underway [adj] - already happening
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sedatives [n] - drugs that make you feel calm or fall asleep
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ alleviate [v] - make (pain) less severe

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


picture picture picture
Jim Aurora Gus
  • The Avalon is a spaceship that is transporting 5,000 people from Earth to a planet called Homestead II.
  • The passengers are all asleep in hibernation pods.
  • The journey will take 120 years, but Jim accidentally wakes up after only 30 years.
  • After a year alone on the Avalon, Jim wakes up Aurora, so Aurora hates Jim.
  • A crew member named Gus recently woke up. He is trying to find out why the ship is malfunctioning.

  • For more background, watch the previous video:   #8. Judgement

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.

Perguntas

Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.


  1. Only Aurora is affected by the loss of gravity.
    True
    False

  2. Gus knows why the ship lost gravity.
    True
    False

  3. The problems on the Avalon started two years ago.
    True
    False

  4. The system failures are only affecting gravity.
    True
    False

  5. The diagnostics system on the ship is not working properly.
    True
    False

  6. Gus goes to the autodoc because he is not feeling well.
    True
    False

  7. Gus has just a few health problems.
    True
    False

  8. Gus thinks that his health problems were caused by his hibernation pod.
    True
    False

  9. Gus can override the ship's computer systems with his ID band and code.
    True
    False

  10. Gus only has a few months left to live.
    True
    False

  11. Gus takes the pills that the autodoc gives him.
    True
    False

  12. Gus gives his ID band to Jim.
    True
    False

  13. Gus wants Jim and Aurora to fix the ship.
    True
    False

  14. Gus dies.
    True
    False

  15. Jim thinks that he can't fix the ship.
    True
    False

  16. Jim wants to wake up the crew.
    True
    False

  17. There is not enough time for the crew to wake up and fix the ship.
    True
    False



triangle The Details 세부 사항 Os detalhes Los detalles


Directions: Test your ability to remember all of the details from the video.

Instrucciones: Compruebe su capacidad para recordar todos los detalles del video.

Instrucciones: Verifique sua capacidade de lembrar todos os detalhes do vídeo.

지시 사항 : 비디오의 모든 세부 사항을 기억하고 있는지 테스트해보세요.

  1. Where is Aurora when the gravity gives out?

    Swimming / In a pool



  2. How many system failures were there on the first day of the system failures?

    17



  3. What three systems does the computer say are failing?

    Life support, the ion drive, the fusion reactor



  4. How many disorders does Gus have?

    612



  5. What is Gus's ID number?

    2317



  6. What type of pills does the autodoc prescribe?

    Sedatives



  7. How does Aurora describe Gus's appearance?

    Magnificent



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.


Sentence 1

system / failure / cause / gravity / give / out


A system failure causes the gravity to give out.



Sentence 2

Aurora / almost / drown / pool / when / gravity / give


Aurora almost drowns in [the/a] pool when the gravity gives out.



Sentence 3

Gus / discover / system / failure / cause / power / surge / two / year / ago


Gus discovers (that) the system failures were caused by a power surge two years ago.



Sentence 4

computer / determine / mission-critical / failure / imminent


The computer determines (that) a mission-critical failure is imminent.



Sentence 5

Gus / sudden / faint / after / he / walk / main / engineering


Gus suddenly faints after he walks into main engineering.



Sentence 6

when / autodoc / examine / Gus / it / identify / 612 / disorder


When the autodoc examines Gus, it identifies 612 disorders.



Sentence 7

although / various / treatment / possible / none / them / meaningful / extend / Gus / life


Although various treatments are possible, none of them will meaningfully extend Gus's life.



Sentence 8

autodoc / tell / Gus / he / soon / die / and / prescribe / sedative / alleviate / suffer


The autodoc tells Gus (that) he will soon die and prescribes (some) sedatives to alleviate his suffering.



Sentence 9

Gus / regret / not / take / sedative


Gus regrets not taking the sedatives.
Gus regrets (that) he didn't take the sedatives.



Sentence 10

before / Gus / die / he / implore / Aurora / Jim / fix / ship


Before Gus dies, he implores Aurora and Jim to fix the ship.



Sentence 11

he / then / tell / Jim / Aurora / take / care / other / and / give / them / ID / band


He then tells Jim and Aurora to take care of each other and gives them his ID band.



Sentence 12

Jim / take / Aurora / main / engineering / look / cause / ship / problem


Jim takes Aurora to main engineering (in order) to look for the cause of the ship's problems.



Sentence 13

Aurora / suggest / wake / crew / but / Jim / think / they / not / have / enough / time


Aurora suggests waking up the crew, but Jim thinks (that) they don't have enough time.



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Gus tells Jim and Aurora to take care of each other. Why?
  2. Gus's gives Jim his ID band. How do you think this will be useful or important to the story?
  3. Gus's job requires that he sleep for about 120 years every trip. What would be the pros and cons of this type of job?
  4. Would you like to be a crew member on the Avalon? Why?
  5. Would you want to experience zero-gravity? What is the first thing you would do?
  6. What would you do if you only had one day to live?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Aurora: I was in the pool when the gravity gave out.

Jim: Are you okay?

Aurora: We need to find Gus.

Aurora: Gus! Gus!

Gus: Gravity loss means that whatever's wrong is starting to hit the big-ticket items. Not good. Every failure's a burnt out processor. Everything on board's thinking too hard. Why? Computer, display these failures over time.

Computer: Processing timeline.

Gus: Cascade failure. It started two years ago. Power surge. Seventeen failures in one day. Including hibernation pod 1498.

Jim: That's me. (It) woke me up.

Aurora: What happened that day?

Gus: Something big. A major system went down somewhere. Everything else on board is trying to pick up the load, but the load's too heavy. Whatever started this, we got to find it. And fix it.

Aurora: How bad can this get?

Gus: Give me risk analysis based on this data.

Computer: Extrapolating. A mission-critical failure is imminent. Failing systems. Life Support, Fusion Reactor...

Aurora: So we're stranded on a sinking ship.

Computer: Main Engineering

Gus: There are not a lot of things big enough to hit this ship that hard. With Diagnostics out, we'll have to find it ourselves.

Jim: Where do we start?

Aurora: Gus!


Autodoc: Scan complete. Analyzing data.

Gus: What does it say is wrong with me?

Jim: It's a few things.

Autodoc: 612 disorders found.

Gus: Get me out of here. What's the prognosis?

Autodoc: Critical diagnoses cannot be discussed without a doctor in attendance.

Gus: Override on my authority. ID 2317. Lay it on me, doc.

Autodoc: Pansystemic necrosis. Progressive organ failure. Cause, unknown.

Gus: My goofy hibernation pod. That's the cause.

Aurora: What's the treatment?

Autodoc: Various treatments are possible. None will meaningfully extend the patient's life.

Gus: How long have I got?

Autodoc: Your end-of-life transition is already underway. These sedatives will alleviate your suffering during these final hours.

Aurora: Gus.

Gus: I need a minute.


Computer: We are experiencing difficulties in flight. For your own safety, please return to your cabins.

Gus: I should've took the damn pills.

Jim: I'll go get them.

Gus: No. Stay here with me. Sit down. You two take care of each other. My ID. (It will) get you where you need to go. Fix the ship. Find out what's wrong with her. How do I look?

Aurora: You look magnificent.

Aurora: What do we do now?

Jim: This can't be good. I'm going back to Engineering.

Aurora: Can you fix this?

Jim: I need your help. Let's go.


Computer: Main Engineering

Aurora: Can't we wake up some of the crew?

Jim: It will take too long. We don't have that kind of time?

Aurora: What are we even looking for?

Jim: Something broken. Something big. Come on!

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