Learn English with The Hobbit

#18. An Army of Elves


icon
Published: 8.11.2021
Level 5   |   Time: 3:46
Accent: British
Source: The Hobbit

Bard leads the people of Lake-town to Dale in order to escape the ruin of their city.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sire [n] - sir, a title of respect
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a brazier [n] - a large pot that holds fire [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lit [adj] - set on fire
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ make camp [exp] - prepare this place to spend the night
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take the night watch [exp] - stay awake and watch during the night
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sun-up [n] - sun rise, early morning
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ hardship [n] - difficult times
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ rejoice [v] - feel happy, celebrate
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ grateful [adj] - thankful
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ aid [n] - help
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ gems [n] - precious, valuable stones [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ heirlooms [n] - valuable objects that have belonged to a family for several generations
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ lightly forsaken [exp] - easily ignored or forgotten
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ allies [n] - friends
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ claim [v] - make a demand of ownership
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ reason [v] - negotiate, talk

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,   [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


picture picture picture picture
Bard Alfred Thorin Thranduil
  • The dwarves have just taken back their home from the dragon Smaug.
  • Bard, from Lake-town, killed the dragon.
  • The dragon destroyed Lake-town, so the people have come to the mountain for help from the dwarves.
  • Lord Thranduil is the king of the elves.
  • Lord Thranduil wants some white gems that are in mountain.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.

Perguntas

Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.


  1. Bard knew that the dwarves had survived before he arrived at the mountain.
    True
    False

  2. Bard expects the dwarves to share their gold with the people of Lake-town.
    True
    False

  3. Kili wants to help the people of Lake-town.
    True
    False

  4. Thorin wants to help the people of Lake-town.
    True
    False

  5. Alfred warns Bard about the army of elves that arrived in the night.
    True
    False

  6. The elves brought food and aid for the people of Lake-town.
    True
    False

  7. Lord Thranduil came only to help the people of Lake-town.
    True
    False

  8. Thorin has found the gems that Thranduil wants.
    True
    False

  9. Thorin plans to give the gems to Thranduil.
    True
    False

  10. Thranduil is willing to go to war to get the gems.
    True
    False



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use present tense.


Sentence 1

Bard / know / dwarf / survive / because / brazier / Erebor / lit


Bard knows (that) the dwarves (have) survived because the braziers of Erebor [are/have been] lit.



Sentence 2

Bard / believe / there / enough / gold / mountain / everyone / share


Bard believes (that) there is enough gold in the mountain for everyone to share.



Sentence 3

Bard / command / Alfred / take / night / watch


Bard commands Alfred to take the night watch.



Sentence 4

Kili / question / why / Thorin / not / willing / help / people / Lake-town


Kili questions why Thorin is not willing to help the people of Lake-town.



Sentence 5

Thorin / only / worry / fortify / front / gate / Erebor


Thorin is only worried about fortifying the front gate of Erebor.



Sentence 6

when / Bard / come / morning / he / find / army / elf


When Bard comes out in the morning, he finds an army of elves.



Sentence 7

Bard / try / thank / Thranduil / aid / he / bring / people / Lake-town


Bard tries to thank Thranduil for the aid (that) he has brought (to) the people of Lake-town.



Sentence 8

Thranduil / make / clear / he / come / White / Gems / Lasgalen


Thranduil makes (it) clear (that) he has come for the White Gems of Lasgalen.



Sentence 9

Thorin / discover / gem / Thranduil / be / after


Thorin discovers the gems [that/which] Thranduil is after.

* is after = wants, is chasing


Sentence 10

Bard / ask / Thranduil / he / willing / go / war / over / handful / gem


Bard asks Thranduil if he is willing to go to war over a handful of gems.



Sentence 11

Bard / insist / speak / Thorin / avoid / war


Bard insists on speaking [with/to] Thorin (in order) to avoid (a) war.



triangle Compare the Book 책을 비교하다 Compare o livro Comparar el libro


The text below is from the [ original novel ].

  1. Which parts of the video are the same as the novel?
  2. Which parts of the video are different from the novel?
  3. Which parts of the novel are not in the video?


Now everywhere Bard went he found talk running like fire among the people concerning the vast treasure that was now unguarded. Men spoke of the recompense for all their harm that they would soon get from it, and wealth over and to spare with which to buy rich things from the South; and it cheered them greatly in their plight. That was as well, for the night was bitter and miserable.

Shelters could be contrived for few (the Master had one) and there was little food (even the Master went short). Many took ill of wet and cold and sorrow that night, and afterwards died, who had escaped uninjured from the ruin of the town; and in the days that followed there was much sickness and great hunger.

Meanwhile Bard took the lead, and ordered things as he wished, though always in the Master’s name, and he had a hard task to govern the people and direct the preparations for their protection and housing. Probably most of them would have perished in the winter that now hurried after autumn, if help had not been to hand. But help came swiftly; for Bard at once had speedy messengers sent up the river to the Forest to ask the aid of the King of the Elves of the Wood, and these messengers had found a host already on the move, although it was then only the third day after the fall of Smaug.

The Elvenking had received news from his own messengers and from the birds that loved his folk, and already knew much of what had happened. The air was filled with circling flocks, and their swift-flying messengers flew here and there across the sky. They brought the news: “Smaug is dead!”

Even before the Elvenking rode forth the news had passed west right to the pinewoods of the Misty Mountains; Beorn had heard it in his wooden house, and the goblins were at council in their caves.

When the King of the Elves received the prayers of Bard, he had pity, for he was the lord of a good and kindly people; so turning his march, which had at first been direct towards the Mountain, he hastened now down the river to the Long Lake. A great store of goods he sent ahead by water. Still elves are light-footed, and though they were not in these days much used to the marches and the treacherous lands between the Forest and the Lake, their going was swift. Only five days after the death of the dragon they came upon the shores and looked on the ruins of the town. Their welcome was good, as may be expected, and the men and their Master were ready to make any bargain for the future in return for the Elvenking’s aid.

Their plans were soon made. With the women and the children, the old and the unfit, the Master remained behind; and with him were some men of crafts and many skilled elves; and they busied themselves felling trees, and collecting the timber sent down from the Forest. Then they set about raising many huts by the shore against the oncoming winter; and also under the Master’s direction they began the planning of a new town, designed more fair and large even than before, but not in the same place. They removed northward higher up the shore; for ever after they had a dread of the water where the dragon lay. He would never again return to his golden bed, but was stretched cold as stone, twisted upon the floor of the lake. There for ages his huge bones could be seen in calm weather amid the ruined piles of the old town. But few dared to cross the cursed spot, and none dared to dive into the shivering water or recover the precious stones that fell from his rotting carcase.

But all the men of arms who were still able, and the most of the Elvenking’s army, got ready to march north to the Mountain. It was thus that in eleven days from the ruin of the town that they arrived at Erebor.


As you have heard some of the events already, you will see that the dwarves still had some days before them. They explored the caverns once more, and found, as they expected, that only the Front Gate remained open; all the other gates (except, of course, the small secret door) had long ago been broken and blocked by Smaug, and no sign of them remained. So now they began to work hard in fortifying the main entrance, and in making a new path that led from it. Tools were to be found in plenty that the miners and builders of old had used; and at such work the dwarves were still very skilled.

As they worked, the ravens brought them constant tidings. In this way they learned that the Elvenking had turned aside to the Lake, and they still had a breathing space. Better still, they heard that three of their ponies had escaped and were wandering wild far down the banks of the Running River, not far from where the rest of their stores had been left. So while the others went on with their work, Fili and Kili were sent, guided by a raven, to find the ponies and bring back all they could.

They were four days gone, and by that time they knew that the joined armies of the Lake-men and the Elves were hurrying toward the Mountain. But now their hopes were higher; for they had food for some weeks with care and already the gate was blocked with a wall of squared stones laid dry, but very thick and high, across the opening. There were holes in the wall through which they could see (or shoot), but no entrance. They climbed in or out with ladders, and hauled stuff up with ropes. Approach to the Gate was now only possible along a narrow ledge of the cliff, to the right as one looked outwards from the wall.


[ printable .pdf ]

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Both Lake-town and Dale are ruined cities. Why did Bard lead the people to Dale rather than stay near Lake-town?
  2. What is Alfred worried about? What is Bard worried about? What is Thorin worried about? What is Kili worried about? What is Thranduil worried about?
  3. Is Thranduil a protagonist (good guy) or antogonist (bad guy) in this story? Why do you think so?
  4. Why do you think the white gems are so important to Thranduil?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Alfrid: Look Sire! The braziers are lit.

Bard: So, the company of Thorin Oakenshield survived.

Alfrid: Survived? You mean there’s a bunch of Dwarves in there with all that gold?

Bard: I shouldn’t worry, Alfrid. There’s gold enough in that mountain for all.

Bard: Make camp here tonight. Find what shelter you can. Get some fires going.

Lake-towner: Come on, hurry along now.

Bard: Alfrid, you take the night watch.


Thorin: I want this Fortress made safe by sun-up. This Mountain was hard-won, I will not see it taken again.

Kili: The people of Lake-town have nothing. They came to us in need. They have lost everything.

Thorin: Do not tell me what they have lost. I know well enough of hardship. Those who’ve lived through dragon fire should rejoice! They have much to be grateful for.

Thorin: More stone! Bring more stone to the gate!


Bard: Morning, Alfrid. What news from the night watch?

Alfrid: All quiet, Sire. Not much to report. Nothing gets past me.

Bard: Except an army of Elves, it would seem.

Bard: My Lord Thranduil, we did not look to see you here.

Thranduil: I heard you needed aid.

Bard: You have saved us. I do not know how to thank you.

Thranduil: Your gratitude is misplaced. I did not come on your behalf. I came to reclaim something of mine.


Thranduil: There are gems in the Mountain that I too desire. White gems of pure starlight.

Thorin: The White gems of Lasgalen. I know an Elf-lord who will pay a pretty price for these.

Bard: Wait! Please, wait! You will go to war over a handful of gems?

Thranduil: The heirlooms of my people are not lightly forsaken.

Bard: We are allies in this. My people also have claim upon the riches in that mountain. Let me speak with Thorin.

Thranduil: You would try to reason with the dwarf.

Bard: To avoid war? Yes.