Avocados are becoming more and more popular, but they are also causing some problems.
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It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.
The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.
First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.
Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.
There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.
Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.
La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.
Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.
Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.
Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.
비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.
비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.
먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.
대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.
듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.
[n] - noun, [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb, [adj] - adjective, [exp] - expression
These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.
TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.
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CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.
이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.
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Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.
Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras.
지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다.
although / avocado / become / quite / popular / some / foodie / turn / away / them
Although avocados have become quite popular, some foodies are turning away from them.
this / popular / create / massive / increase / avocado / cultivate / primary / Mexico
This popularity has created a massive increase in avocado cultivation, primarily in Mexico.
avocado / consume / double / last / decade
Avocado consumption has doubled in the last decade.
avocado / farming / have / negative / impact / environment
Avocado farming [is having/has had/has] a negative impact on the environment.
single / avocado / may / require / hundred / liter / water / grow
A single avocado may require hundreds of liters of water to grow.
because / avocado / farming / so / lucrative / avocado / plantation / push / area / that / previous / native / or / previous / forest
Because avocado farming is so lucrative, avocado plantations are pushing into areas that were previously native or previously forested.
Santiago / make / guacamole / pistachio / instead / avocado
Santiago is making guacamole [out of/from] pistachios instead of avocados.
Santiago / say / he / stop / use / avocado / because / environment / impact / and / link / organize / crime
Santiago says (that) he stopped using avocados because of [their/the] environmental impact and [their/the] link to organized crime.
because / war / over / avocado / farming / people / Mexico / be / injure / force / flee / and / even / kill
Because of wars over avocado farming, people in Mexico have been injured, forced to flee, and even killed.
The humble avocado has become something of a celebrity in the food world. And its popularity has seen a massive boom in
farmers growing them, largely in Mexico.
Though it still features prominently on the Instagram feeds of so-called foodies, some have started to turn away from the versatile fruit. Keith Adams went to find out why.
The trendy cafes here on Broadway Market in East London have embraced the avocado. On toast, in salads, or in that Mexican staple guacamole. It's a fashionable food.
Global avocado production doubled over the last 20 years. And consumption in the US has doubled in the last decade.
But now some chefs are turning away, citing its impact on the environment. Popular Mexican restaurants in the UK, US, and Canada are offering guacamole made from peas or courgettes or Jerusalem artichokes instead.
So what's the problem? Some reports suggest a single avocado needs hundreds of liters of water to grow. Anonor Eldridge from the conservation charity Plant Life says that's a big issue.
So they're a really thirsty crop. And primarily avocados are grown in Mexico, which if anyone's been there knows it's quite a warm place already and is experiencing quite a lot of water stress.
What about the growers who grow them? Are they caring for the environment?
The average worker on a plantation growing avocados and sixty dollars a day. The minimum wage in Mexico is five dollars a day. What that means is more and more land is converted over into avocado production, pushing into areas that were previously native or previously forested. And so that's having an impact on the biodiversity in the environment.
I'm in a chic Mexican fusion restaurant in London. It's called Cole. And the proprietor and chef, Santiago Lastra, is preparing something.
What is it, Santiago?
So we're doing a guacamole, but made out of pistachio instead of avocado.
Santiago says it's not just the environmental impact of avocados that led him to drop them. Another reason is the link to organized crime.
Falco Ernst works for the International Crisis Group in Mexico City.
I first introduced myself with drugs traffickers who had gone into the avocado business 10 years ago basically. So it's been going on for quite a while now.
And along the way, there have been a lot of casualties. Families who've had to flee producers. Families who've had to flee for instance to the United States because they have been forced out. And direct physical violence has been applied. In the context of groups of trying to squeeze protection payments out of producers, which has brought disappearances. Family members, workers have gotten killed. So the cost has been huge.