Learn English with The Hobbit

#6. The Troll Cave


icon
Published: 11.09.2022
Level 5   |   Time: 3:49
Accent: British
Source: The Hobbit

Gandalf, Bilbo, and the dwarves explore a troll cave after freeing themselves from some trolls.


    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY + BACKGROUND

    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO y ANTECEDENTES.

    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO + FUNDO

    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ the Ettenmoors [n] - nearby mountains
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a cave [n] - a large underground room, usually made naturally [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a stench [n] - a bad smell
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a hoard [n] - a large collection of treasure or gold
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a shovel [n] - a tool used to move dirt [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a smith [n] - a person who makes weapons or armor
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ forged [v] - made (of metal)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a fine blade [n] - a high-quality sword
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ of Elvish make [exp] - made by elves
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ foul [adj] - bad, evil, dirty, smelling bad
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ glow [v] - make a small amount of light
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an orc [n] - a human-like, ugly, violent creature [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a goblin [n] - a dwarf-like, ugly, violent creature [image] vocab image
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ spare a life [exp] - not kill someone
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ take a life [exp] - kill someone
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ Arm yourselves! [exp] - Get your weapons!

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes


picture picture picture
Bilbo Gandalf Thorin
  • Gandalf has just rescued Bilbo and the dwarves from three trolls.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.

Perguntas

Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.


  1. Trolls usually do not travel so far south.
    True
    False

  2. Trolls cannot move in daylight.
    True
    False

  3. The troll cave smells bad.
    True
    False

  4. The dwarves are afraid to touch the trolls' gold.
    True
    False

  5. The dwarves decide to take the gold with them.
    True
    False

  6. The two swords that Thorin finds were made by elves.
    True
    False

  7. Elven swords glow green when orcs or goblins are nearby.
    True
    False

  8. Bilbo has never used a sword before.
    True
    False

  9. Gandalf tells Bilbo that it takes true courage to kill someone.
    True
    False

  10. There are more enemies approaching.
    True
    False



triangle Sentence Building (Summary) 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.



Sentence 1

Gandalf / surprised / troll / travel / so / far / south


Gandalf is surprised (that) the trolls traveled so far south.



Sentence 2

Thorin / realize / there / must / troll / cave / nearby / because / troll / not / travel / daylight


Thorin realizes (that) a troll cave must be nearby because trolls can't travel in daylight.



Sentence 3

dwarf / find / troll / hoard / full / gold / weapon


The dwarves find a troll hoard (that/which is) full of gold and weapons.



Sentence 4

dwarf / want / hide / gold / that / no / one / else / can / find / it


The dwarves want to hide the gold so that no one else can find it.



Sentence 5

they / decide / put / gold / chest / bury / it


They decide to put the gold in a chest and bury it.



Sentence 6

Thorin / discover / two / fine / blade / forge / high / elf


Thorin discovers two fine blades (that/which were) forged by (the) high elves.



Sentence 7

Gandalf / give / small / elvish / sword / Bilbo


Gandalf gives a small elvish sword to Bilbo.



Sentence 8

Gandalf / tell / Bilbo / elf / sword / glow / blue / when / orc / goblin / nearby


Gandalf tells Bilbo (that) Elvish swords glow blue when orcs or goblins are nearby.



Sentence 9

Bilbo / reluctant / take / sword / because / he / never / use / blade / life


Bilbo is reluctant to take the sword because he has never used a blade in his life.



Sentence 10

Gandalf / tell / Bilbo / take / true / courage / spare / life


Gandalf tells Bilbo (that) it takes true courage to spare a life.



Sentence 11

as / orc / approach / Gandalf / tell / everyone / arm / self


As (some) orcs approach, Gandalf tells everyone to arm themselves.



triangle Compare the Book 책을 비교하다 Compare o livro Comparar el libro


The text below is from the [ original novel ]. You can also read a [ shortened version ] of the novel.

  1. Which parts of the video are the same as the novel?
  2. Which parts of the video are different from the novel?
  3. Which parts of the novel are not in the video?


The next thing was to untie the sacks and let out the dwarves. They were nearly suffocated, and very annoyed: they had not at all enjoyed lying there listening to the trolls making plans for roasting them and squashing them and mincing them. They had to hear Bilbo’s account of what had happened to him twice over, before they were satisfied.

“Silly time to go practising pinching and pocket-picking,” said Bombur, “when what we wanted was fire and food!”

“And that’s just what you wouldn’t have got of those fellows without a struggle, in any case,” said Gandalf. “Anyhow you are wasting time now. Don’t you realize that the trolls must have a cave or a hole dug somewhere near to hide from the sun in? We must look into it!”

They searched about, and soon found the marks of trolls’ boots going away through the trees. They followed the tracks up the hill, until hidden by bushes they came on a big door of stone leading to a cave. But they could not open it, not though they all pushed while Gandalf tried various incantations.

“Would this be any good?” asked Bilbo, when they were getting tired and angry. “I found it on the ground where the trolls had their fight.” He held out a largish key, though no doubt William had thought it very small and secret. It must have fallen out of his pocket, very luckily, before he was turned to stone.

“Why on earth didn’t you mention it before?” they cried. Gandalf grabbed it and fitted it into the keyhole. Then the stone door swung back with one big push, and they all went inside. There were bones on the floor and a nasty smell was in the air; but there was a good deal of food jumbled carelessly on shelves and on the ground, among an untidy litter of plunder, of all sorts from brass buttons to pots full of gold coins standing in a corner. There were lots of clothes, too, hanging on the walls—too small for trolls, I am afraid they belonged to victims —and among them were several swords of various makes, shapes, and sizes.

Two of the swords caught their eyes particularly, because of their beautiful scabbards and jewelled hilts.

Gandalf and Thorin each took one of these; and Bilbo took a knife in a leather sheath. It would have made only a tiny pocket-knife for a troll, but it was as good as a short sword for the hobbit.

“These look like good blades,” said the wizard, half drawing them and looking at them curiously. “They were not made by any troll, nor by any smith among men in these parts and days; but when we can read the runes on them, we shall know more about them.”

“Let’s get out of this horrible smell!” said Fili. So they carried out the pots of coins, and such food as was untouched and looked fit to eat, also one barrel of ale which was still full. By that time they felt like breakfast, and being very hungry they did not turn their noses up at what they had got from the trolls’ larder. Their own provisions were very scanty. Now they had bread and cheese, and plenty of ale, and bacon to toast in the embers of the fire.

After that they slept, for their night had been disturbed. And they did nothing more till the afternoon. Then they brought up their ponies, and carried away the pots of gold, and buried them very secretly not far from the track by the river, putting a great many spells over them, just in case they ever had the chance to come back and recover them. When that was done, they all mounted once more, and jogged along again on the path towards the East.


[ printable .pdf ]

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. Why are Thorin and Gandalf surprised about meeting the trolls?
  2. What is special about the swords that they find?
  3. Why do you think Bilbo is reluctant to take the blade?
  4. Gandalf tells Bilbo, "True courage is about knowing not when to take a life, but when to spare one." What does it mean? What does it foreshadow? (foreshadowing: a sign of a future event in a story)
  5. Can you think of a situation in which you (or a friend) showed true courage? What happened?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Gandalf: They must have come down from the Ettenmoors.

Thorin: Since when the mountain trolls venture this far south?

Gandalf: Oh, not for an age. Not since a darker power ruled these lands. They could not have moved in daylight.

Thorin: There must be a cave nearby.


Bofur: Oh, what’s that stench?!

Gandalf: It’s a troll hoard. Be careful what you touch.

Bofur: Seems a shame just to leave it lying around. Anyone could take it.

Gloin: Agreed. Nori, get a shovel.

Thorin: These swords were not made by any troll.

Gandalf: Nor were they made by any smith among men. These were forged in Gondolin, by the High Elves, of the First Age. You could not wish for a finer blade.

Gloin: We’re making a long-term deposit.

Thorin: Let’s get out of this foul place. Come on, let’s go. Bofur, Gloin, Nori.

Gandalf: Bilbo. Here. This is about your size.

Bilbo: I can’t take this.

Gandalf: The blade is of Elvish make, which means it will glow blue when orcs or goblins are nearby.

Bilbo: I have never used a sword in my life.

Gandalf: And I hope you never have to. But if you do, remember this: True courage is about knowing not when to take a life, but when to spare one.

Thorin: Something’s coming!

Bilbo: Gandalf.

Gandalf: Stay together! Hurry, now! Arm yourselves!