Learn English with Friends

#3. Ross's Ex-Wife

Published: 9.22.2020
Level 4   |   Time: 3:05
Accent: American
Source: Friends [S1 E02]

Ross's ex-wife comes to his work to tell him that she is pregnant.

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ issues [n] - problems
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bang [v] - hit
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a club [n] - a heavy blunt weapon (a large stick) [image] A club
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a mastodon [n] - a prehistoric elephant [image] A mastodon
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ cave people [n] - Neanderthals
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a glacier [n] - a very large piece of ice [image] A glacier
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ catch up with [phv] - meet
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ The Ice Age (exhibit) [n] - a section of the museum
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ erect [adj] - straight, upright, not bent
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a lesbian [n] - a woman who is romantically interested in women
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ paranoid [adj] - always afraid
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ put something in perspective [exp] - realize the real value or importance of something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ involved [adj] - participating
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ entirely [adv] - fully, completely, 100%
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ It is up to you. [exp] - You can decide.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ presumably [adv] - mostly (90%) sure
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a sonogram [n] - a medical procedure that uses sound waves to take a picture inside someone's body

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes

Ross from Friends Monica from Friends
Ross Monica
  • Ross is an anthropologist and works in a museum.
  • Ross has recently divorced.
  • Monica is Ross's sister.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas

  1. What does Ross want his co-worker to change?
    He wants the cave-woman to be less angry.
    He wants her to add a glacier to the display.
    He wants her to move the rock.

  2. Who comes to visit Ross at his work?
    His sister, Carol
    His wife, Carol
    His ex-wife, Carol
    His girlfriend, Carol

  3. What does Ross say to Carol?
    He hates her.
    She looks good.
    They should get back together.

  4. Why did Carol (probably) break up with Ross?
    He cheated.
    She is a lesbian.
    He worked too much.

  5. Why did Carol come to visit Ross?
    She still loves him.
    She needs advice.
    She is pregnant.

  6. What does Phoebe say about Carol?
    She is great.
    She is terrible.
    She is beautiful.

  7. What does Carol want Ross to do tomorrow?
    See a doctor with her.
    Sign some documents.
    Meet to discuss their future.

triangle Grammar 문법 Gramática Gramática (s-v agreement)

Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

Instrucciones: Escolha a palavra ou expressão que melhor completa a oração.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.

  • Doesn't she (seem) a little angry?
  • Well, she (has) issues.
  • (Does) she?
  • He (is) out banging other women over the head with a club, while she (sits) at home trying to get the mastodon smell out of the carpet!
  • Marsha, these (are) cave people. Okay?
  • They (have) issues like "Gee, that glacier (is) getting kind of close."
  • Speaking of issues, (isn't) that your ex-wife?

  • Why (are) you here, Carol?
  • I (are) pregnant.
  • Pregnant?!

  • Hi.
  • Wow. That (is not) a happy hi.
  • Carol (is) pregnant.
  • How do you (fit) into this whole thing?
  • Well, Carol (says) she and Susan (want) me to be involved, but if I'm not comfortable with it, I (don't have) to be involved. Basically, it's entirely up to me.
  • She (is) so great! I (miss) her.
  • What (does) she mean by involved?
  • Presumably, the biggest part of your job (is) done.
  • Anyway, they (want) me to go down to this sonogram thing with them tomorrow.
  • So what (are) you going to do?
  • I (have) no idea. No matter what I (do) , though, I'm still going to be a father.

triangle Sentence Building 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]


This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)


Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).


이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.

Sentence 1

Ross / Marsha / argue / museum / exhibit

Ross and Marsha are arguing about a museum exhibit.
Ross and Marsha argue about a museum exhibit.

Sentence 2

Ross / ex-wife / unexpected / drop / by / museum

Ross's ex-wife unexpectedly drops by the museum.

Sentence 3

Ross / Carol / hug / other / awkward

Ross and Carol hug each other awkwardly.

Sentence 4

Carol / inform / Ross / she / preganant

Carol informs Ross (that) she is preganant.

Sentence 5

Ross / come / Monica / apartment / and / tell / friend / Carol / pregnancy

Ross comes to Monica's apartment(,) and (he) tells his friends about Carol's pregnancy.

Sentence 6

Rachel / want / know / how / Ross / fit / Carol / pregnancy

Rachel wants to know how Ross fits into Carol's pregnancy.

Sentence 7

Carol / tell / Ross / he / not / have / involve / pregnancy

Carol tells Ross (that) he doesn't have to [be/get] involved in the pregnancy.

Sentence 8

Carol / want / Ross / come / her / get / sonogram

Carol wants Ross to come with her to get a sonogram.

Sentence 9

Ross / not / know / what / he / going / do

Ross doesn't know what he is going to do.

triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat

This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir

Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.

Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.

Clip 1

Doesn't she seem a little angry?

Clip 2

Speaking of issues, isn't that your ex-wife?

Clip 3

Marty's still totally paranoid

Clip 4

Carol says she and Susan want me to be involved.

Clip 5

But if I'm not comfortable with it, I don't have to be involved.

Clip 6

Basically, it's totally up to me.

Clip 7

She is so great! I miss her.

Clip 8

What does she mean by involved?

Clip 9

I mean, presumably, the biggest part of your job is done.

Clip 10

So what are you going to do?

Clip 11

No matter what I do, though, I'm still going to be a father.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. Ross's ex-wife is a lesbian. Why do you think she married Ross?
  2. Do you think Ross should help his ex-wife and her partner raise the child? What are some reasons he should help? What are some reasons he shouldn't help? (Think about all three individual's perspectives - Ross's, Carol's, the child's.)
  3. What would you do if you wwre Ross?
  4. Ross eventually decides to help raise the child, but they don't live together. What kind of issues do you think he will have in the future? What will happen if Ross gets remarried?
  5. What do you know about early hominids (cave people)? How many different species can you name (do you know)? What tools did they use? What did they look like?
  6. Recent studies suggest that a small percentage of modern humans with East Asian and European ancestry have some Neanderthal DNA. Do you think you have Neanderthal DNA? Why?



triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

Ross: No, it's good, it is good. It's just that, mmmm, doesn't she seem a little angry?

Marsha: Well, she has issues.

Ross: Does she?

Marsha: He's out banging other women over the head with a club while she sits at home trying to get the mastodon smell out of the carpet!

Ross: Marsha, these are cave people. Okay? They have issues like "Gee, that glacier is getting kind of close." See?

Marsha: Speaking of issues, isn't that your ex-wife?

Ross: No. No.

Marsha: Yes, it is. Carol! Hi!

Ross: Okay, okay, yes, it is. How about I'll catch up with you in the Ice Age.

Ross: Hi.

Carol: So.

Ross: You look great. I, uh, I hate that.

Carol: Sorry. Thanks. You look good too.

Ross: Ah, well, in here, anyone who stands erect So what's new? Still, uh...

Carol: A lesbian?

Ross: Well, you never know. How's, um.. how's the family?

Carol: Marty is still totally paranoid. Oh, and, uh-

Ross: Why are you here, Carol?

Carol: I'm pregnant.

Ross: Pregnant?!

Ross: Hi.

Monica: Wow. That is not a happy hi.

Ross: Carol is pregnant.

Phoebe: Ooh! I found it!

Monica: W-w-wh-... wha-... w-w-w-...

Ross: Yeah. Do that for another two hours, you might be where I am right about now.

Chandler: It kind of puts that whole pillow thing in perspective, huh, Mon?

Rachel: Well now, how do you fit into this whole thing?

Ross: Well, Carol says she and Susan want me to be involved, but if I'm not comfortable with it, I don't have to be involved. Basically, it's totally up to me.

Phoebe: She is so great! I miss her.

Monica: What does she mean by involved?

Chandler: I mean, presumably, the biggest part of your job is done.

Ross: Anyway, they want me to go down to this sonogram thing with them tomorrow.

Rachel: So what are you going to do?

Ross: I have no idea. No matter what I do, though, I'm still going to be a father.

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