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What If The World Went Vegetarian?


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Published: 9.09.2017
Level 4   |   Time: 3:46
Accent: American
Source:

A description of the advantages and disadvantages of the whole world becoming vegetarian.


triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are several different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

  1. LER o VOCABULÁRIO

    É importante ler o vocabulário antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.

  2. ASSISTA ao VÍDEO

    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.

  3. RESPONDA às PERGUNTAS

    Primeiro, tente responder a todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.

  4. ASSISTA e LEIA o SCRIPT

    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.

  5. FAÇA as ATIVIDADES

    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na preparação para o teste, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura de frases.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ full disclosure [exp] - being 100% honest, not trying to hide anything
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ herds [n] - large groups of animals
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ domestic animals [n] - animals raised by humans
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ vast quantities [exp] - large amounts
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ pasture [n] - land used for animals to live on and eat grass
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ animal feed [n] - food given to animals
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ counteract [v] - fight against
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ CO2 [n] - carbon dioxide
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ livestock [n] - farm animals
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ greenhouse gas emissions [n] - gas that causes global warming
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ water intensive [adj] - uses a lot of water
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ downsides [n] - disadvantages
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ byproducts [n] - the secondary (not main) product
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ animal hides [n] - the skin of animals (used to make leather)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ detergents [n] - laundry or dish soaps
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ obsolete [adj] - out of date or unnecessary

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas [ ? ]

Questions

These are guided listening questions. These questions are NOT designed to test or trick you. They are designed to guide you through the video.

TIP: If you don’t understand something in the video, click "Show Answers". You should be able to understand all of the important points of the video by reading the questions and the correct answers.

Preguntas

Estas son preguntas de escucha guiada. Estas preguntas NO están diseñadas para ponerte a prueba o engañarte. Están diseñados para guiarlo a través del video.

CONSEJO: Si no entiende algo en el video, haga clic en "Show Answers". Debería poder comprender todos los puntos importantes del video leyendo las preguntas y las respuestas correctas.

질문

이것은 안내식 듣기 질문입니다. 이 질문들은 당신을 시험하거나 속이기 위한 것이 아닙니다. 동영상을 통해 안내하도록 설계되었습니다.

팁 : 동영상에서 이해가 되지 않는 부분이 있으면 "Show Answers"를 클릭하세요. 질문과 정답을 읽으면서 영상의 중요한 요점을 모두 이해할 수 있어야 합니다.

Perguntas

Estas são perguntas de escuta guiadas. Essas perguntas NÃO foram elaboradas para testar ou enganar você. Eles são projetados para guiá-lo através do vídeo.

DICA: Se você não entender algo no vídeo, clique em "Mostrar respostas". Você deve entender todos os pontos importantes do vídeo lendo as perguntas e as respostas corretas.


  1. The people who made this video are vegetarians.
    True
    False

  2. The rate of vegetarianism is much higher in Canada than in India.
    True
    False

  3. Cows are the most common (populace) farm animal is the world.
    True
    False

  4. The amount of land used for animal pasture worldwide is similar to the size of all of Africa.
    True
    False

  5. A lot of land is also used to grow feed for animals.
    True
    False

  6. Current pastureland could easily be used for growing crops.
    True
    False

  7. Without humans managing pastureland, it would likely become desert.
    True
    False

  8. Deforestation (tree loss) for agriculture has led to increased CO2 levels around the world.
    True
    False

  9. Methane emitted by cows is one cause of global warming.
    True
    False

  10. Animal farming produces more greenhouse gas than cars, train and airplanes combined.
    True
    False

  11. A worldwide vegetarian diet would reduce freshwater consumption.
    True
    False

  12. Compared to other meats, pork production requires the most water per kilogram.
    True
    False

  13. Fruit and vegetable production requires much more water consumption than meat production.
    True
    False

  14. One kilogram of fruit has many more calories than one kilogram of meat.
    True
    False

  15. Meat production also provides material for leather goods, candles and cosmetics.
    True
    False

  16. Without meat production, people would need to use land to raise animals for leather goods, candles and cosmetics.
    True
    False

  17. As many as one billion people worldwide would lose their jobs without the meat industry.
    True
    False

  18. Most of this job loss would occur in European and North American countries.
    True
    False

  19. Worldwide meat consumption is generally decreasing.
    True
    False

  20. As people become wealthier in China and India, they eat less meat.
    True
    False



triangle Sentence Building 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

Resumo

Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)


Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order.

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras.

Instrucciones: Escreva orações sobre o videoclipe usando as palavras-chave. Você pode alterar a forma da palavra ou adicionar palavras, mas não pode alterar a ordem das palavras.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다.



Sentence 1

what / happen / if / everyone / world / sudden / vegetarian


What would happen if everyone in the world [was/were] suddenly (a) vegetarian?
What would happen if everyone in the world suddenly became (a) vegetarian?



Sentence 2

rate / vegetarianism / 4-5% / US / Canada / around / 30% / India


The rate of vegetarianism is 4-5% in the US and Canada and around 30% in India.



Sentence 3

without / any / meat-eat / human / create / market / whole / herd / domestic / animal / disappear


Without any meat-eating humans to create a market, whole herds of domestic animals would disappear.



Sentence 4

much / land / current / use / pasture / actually / too / dry / grow / crop


Much of the land currently (that is) used as pasture is actually too dry to grow crops.



Sentence 5

without / human / add / artificial / nutrient / this / land / could / turn / desert / but / some / farmland / could / turn / grassland / forest


Without humans adding artificial nutrients, this land could turn to desert, but some farmland could be turned into grassland or forest.



Sentence 6

livestock / production / responsible / about / 15% / global / greenhouse / gas / emission


Livestock production is responsible for about 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions.



Sentence 7

this / than / all / world / plane / train / automobile / together


This is more than all the world’s planes, trains, and automobiles (put) together.



Sentence 8

around / 70% / global / freshwater / consumption / use / agriculture


Around 70% of global freshwater consumption is used in agriculture.



Sentence 9

if / you / compare / ratio / litre / water / calorie / beef / still / 7 / time / water / intensive / than / veggie / and / 20 / time / than / cereal


If you compare the ratio of litre of water per calorie, beef is still 7 times more water intensive than veggies and 20 times more than cereal.



Sentence 11

switch / vegetarian / diet / leave / people / without / cheap / source / animal / byproduct


Switching to a vegetarian diet would leave people without a cheap source of animal byproducts.



Sentence 12

it / also / eliminate / job / than / one / billion / people / most / whom / small-scale / farmer / develop / world


It would also eliminate the jobs of more than one billion people, most of whom are small-scale farmers in the developing world.



Sentence 13

in / place / India / China / people / become / wealthy / and / consume / meat / which / effective / cancel / decline / other / country


In places [like/such as] India and China, people are becoming wealthier and consuming more meat, which effectively cancels out the declines [in/from] other countries.



triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión


  1. What were two positive and two negative impacts of a vegetarian world described in the video?
  2. Which stat from the video most surprised you?
  3. What do these numbers refer to: 20 billion, 33 million square kilometres, 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions, 15,000 litres, 1 billion people .
  4. The video says that livestock accounts for 15% of greenhouse gas emmissions. Transportation accounts for less than 15%. What accounts for the other 70%+?
  5. What percentage of people in your country do you think are vegetarian?
  6. Are you a vegetarian? Have you ever considered becoming a vegetarian?
  7. There are three common arguements for becoming a vegetarian: ethical, health, environmental. Which do you think is the most compelling?
  8. What kinds of health challenges do vegetarians have that meat-eaters do not have?
  9. What kinds of health problems do meat-eaters experience that vegetarians can avoid?
  10. Do you believe animals have the right to humane treatment? Do they deserve the same level of treatment that we offer to other humans?

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto


Chances are you or someone you know is vegetarian - so we thought we’d try a thought experiment. What would happen if everyone in the world was suddenly a vegetarian? What effect would it have on our lives and the planet?

Before we begin, full disclosure: none of us at AsapSCIENCE are vegetarians.

And the worldwide rate of vegetarianism is fairly low, ranging from about 4-5% in the US and Canada to a little over 30% in India. As a result, there are currently about 20 billion chickens, 1.5 billion cows, over a billion sheep and nearly a billion pigs in the world. Without any meat-eating humans to provide a market, whole herds of domestic animals would disappear.

And this would free up vast quantities of land. About 33 million square kilometres of land are used for pasture - an area about the size of Africa. And that’s not even counting the land used to grow crops exclusively for animal feed. Some of it would be needed for the increased amount of vegetable crops, but much of the land currently used as pasture is actually too dry to grow crops. Without humans adding artificial nutrients, this land could turn to desert, but if properly managed, it’s possible that some farmland would return to its natural state of grassland or forests, which could help counteract global climate change. After all, the loss of CO2-absorbing trees cleared for agriculture is a major reason why global levels of CO2 are going up.

Cows and other grazers also affect our climate through large amounts of methane production, which has 25 times more potential planet-warming power than CO2. Combined with the loss of forests and other effects, livestock production is responsible for about 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions, which is more than all the world’s planes, trains and automobiles put together. In fact, many scientists believe that reducing meat consumption may be one of the best strategies for managing climate change.

A vegetarian diet would also greatly reduce water consumption; around 70% of global freshwater consumption is used in agriculture. It takes 15,000 litres to make a kilogram of beef, 6,000 L for pork and 4,000 L for chicken - Compare this with 1,600 L for cereal crops, 900 L for fruit and 300 L for garden vegetables. Of course a kilogram of meat packs many more calories than an equivalent weight of fruit, but even if you compare the ratio of water per calorie of available food energy, beef is still 5 times more water intensive than fruit, 7 times more than veggies and 20 times more than cereal.

So are there any downsides to a vegetarian diet? Well, we’d be left without a cheap source for many byproducts of livestock, like leather from animal hides, or animal fats which are used in cosmetics, candles and detergents. And while vegetable based alternatives do exist, their production would need to increase, meaning more land dedicated to growing crops and less restored to its natural state.

A more complicated fact is that raising and processing animals is a full-time job for more than 1 billion people - most of whom are small-scale farmers in the developing world. While some may be able to move to producing milk or eggs, or even growing vegetable crops, many would be faced with their way of life becoming obsolete.

Of course, any increase in vegetarianism is likely to be a gradual process rather than a sudden cut-off. And, surprisingly, the trends are actually in the opposite direction; in places like India and China, people are becoming wealthier, and as a result, consuming more meat which effectively cancels out the declines we see in other countries.

So, we actually tried to go vegetarian for 21 days straight as an experiment in our new AsapTHOUGHT episode. Check out the video if you want to see how it went, what we learned in the process and how we felt about it! And subscribe for more weekly science videos!