Learn English with Modern Family

#11. Boundaries (1)

5.20.2018   [ UPDATED JUL 2022 ]
Level 4   |   Time: 2:35
Accent: American
Source: Modern Family [S2 E09]

Mitchell complains about Cam's mom touching him inappropriately when she comes to visit.

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones Instruções


    It is important to read the vocabulary and background before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.


    First, try to answer all the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.


    There are several different activities that focus on listening accuracy, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.


    Es importante leer el vocabulario y los antecedentes antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.


    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.


    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.


    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la precisión auditiva, la pronunciación, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘와 배경 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.


    É importante ler o vocabulário e o histórico antes de assistir ao vídeo. Isso melhorará sua capacidade de entender o vídeo. Também ajudará você a entender como o novo vocabulário é usado naturalmente.


    Na primeira vez que assistir ao vídeo, tente entender a situação geral.


    Primeiro, tente responder todas as perguntas de memória. Em seguida, assista novamente ao vídeo e tente responder às perguntas que você errou.


    Assista ao vídeo novamente enquanto lê o roteiro. Ler e ouvir ao mesmo tempo ajudará você a ouvir cada palavra individualmente e a melhorar sua precisão auditiva.


    Existem várias atividades diferentes que se concentram na precisão auditiva, pronúncia, vocabulário, gramática e estrutura da frase.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulário Vocabulario

  • ☐ ☐ ☐ What is keeping (someone)? [exp] - Why is (someone) late?
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a jalopy [n] - an old car
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ cosmopolitan [adj] - a mix of many different countries and cultures
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ vibrant [adj] - full of life and energy
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a barn [n] - a house for farm animals
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ inappropriate [adj] - in a way that is not acceptable
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ bless your heart [exp] - thank you
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a horsey bite [exp] - grabbing someone's leg in a painful way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ boundary issues [exp] - not liking to be touched by other people
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a force field [n] - a science fiction term for a protective energy shield
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ It is not in my head. [exp] - It is not imagination.
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ god forbid [exp] - a way of saying that you hope something does not happen
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ a casserole [n] - a baked meat or fish dish
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ feel (someone) up [phv] - touch (someone) in a sexual way

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Background 배경 O fundo Antecedentes

picture picture picture
Cam Mitchell Claire
  • Cam and Mitchell are a couple.
  • Cam grew up on a farm in Missouri.
  • Cam's mother is coming to visit.
  • Claire is Mitchell's sister.

triangle Questions 문제 Questões Preguntas

  1. Why is Cam worried?
    Mitchell doesn't like his mother.
    His mother is late.
    Her airplane might have crashed.

  2. Where did Cam grow up?

  3. How does Cam feel about his mother?
    He doesn't want to see her.
    He thinks she was too strict.
    He thinks she is the best mom in the world.

  4. How many children did Cam's mom raise?

  5. How does Mitchell describe Barb?
    touches too much
    complains a lot

  6. How does Barb thank Mitchell for buying cranberries?
    She gives him a hug.
    She gives him a kiss on the cheek.
    She gives him a kiss on the lips.

  7. Who does Barb cuddle with?

  8. What does Mitchell tell Claire about Barb?
    She touches him too much.
    She is blind.
    She is unfriendly.

  9. How long has Mitchell not liked being close to people?
    Since he met Cam.
    Since he met Barb.
    Since he was a child.

  10. How does Claire bother Mitchell?
    By yelling at him
    By touching him
    By getting close to him

  11. How does Mitchell make Claire stop?
    He punches her.
    He yells, "Stop!"
    He yells, "Force field!"

  12. Why is Mitchell frustrated?
    Cam doesn't notice his mother's actions.
    Cam encourages his mother to touch Cam .
    The problem is getting worse.
    He can't talk to Cam about the problem.

  13. How did Mitchell make Cam angry in the past?
    He was rude to Barb.
    He touched Barb.
    He added some salt to food that Barb prepared.

  14. What did Cam do when he got angry?
    He punched Barb.
    He punched Mitchell.
    He punched a car.

  15. What does Claire suggest?
    He should make Cam see Barb touching Mitchell.
    He should enjoy Barb's touching.
    He should touch Barb in front of Cam.

triangle Vocabulary Review 어휘 검토 Revisão de vocabulário Vocabulario revisión

Directions: Choose the word or expression that best completes the sentence.

Instrucciones: Elija la palabra o expresión que mejor complete la oración.

Instrucciones: Escolha a palavra ou expressão que melhor completa a frase.

지시 사항 : 문장을 가장 잘 완성하는 단어나 표현을 선택하십시오.

  • Because Cam grew up in a rural area, Mitchell thinks his town wasn't very (cosmopolitan) .
  • Mitchell complains that Cam's mother touches him in (inappropriate) places.
  • Cam claims that Missouri has a (vibrant) music scene.
  • Mitchell wants to use (a force field) to protect himself from Claire.
  • Cam probably used to drive (a jalopy) when he lived on the farm in Missouri.
  • Claire claims that Mitchell doesn't like Barb's touching because he has (boundary issues) .

triangle Sentence Building 문장 만들기 Construção de sentença Construcción de oraciones [ ? ]


This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)


Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).


이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)


Esta atividade foi desenvolvida para melhorar a precisão e a complexidade das frases. A maioria dos alunos pode produzir as palavras-chave do conteúdo em uma frase. No entanto, eles têm dificuldade com precisão porque as palavras funcionais são difíceis ou podem parecer sem importância. Esta atividade ajudará os alunos a eliminar problemas com essas palavras funcionais, dando-lhes feedback imediato sobre os erros que estão cometendo. Também ajudará os alunos a desenvolver o uso de estruturas de sentenças mais naturais, variadas e complexas.

DICA: Diga a frase em voz alta. Observe os tipos de erro que você comete com frequência. Concentre-se nesses tipos de erros. (singular/plural, concordância sujeito-verbo, uso de artigos, preposições, gerúndios e infinitivos, cláusulas substantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, ordem das palavras e formas das palavras.)

Directions: Write sentences about the video clip using the words given. You can change the word form or add words, but you cannot change the word order. Use a present time frame (tense).

Instrucciones: Escriba oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de la palabra o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa el tiempo presente.

Instrucciones: Escribe oraciones sobre el videoclip usando las palabras dadas. Puede cambiar la forma de las palabras o agregar palabras, pero no puede cambiar el orden de las palabras. Usa tiempo presente.

지시 : 주어진 단어를 사용하여 비디오 클립에 대한 문장을 씁니다. 어형을 변경하거나 단어를 추가할 수 있지만 어순은 변경할 수 없습니다. 현재 시제를 사용합니다.

Sentence 1

Cam / worried / because / mother / late

Cam is worried because his mother is late.

Sentence 2

Mitchell / make / fun / Cam / grow / up / countryside

Mitchell makes fun of Cam for growing up in the countryside.

Sentence 3

Cam / think / mother / great / mom / that / ever / live

Cam thinks (that) his mother is the greatest mom that has ever lived.

Sentence 4

from / minute / Mitchell / meet / Barb / she / be / open / love / care

From the minute Mitchell met Barb, she has been open, loving, and caring.

Sentence 5

However / Mitchell / think / Cam / mom / touch / him / inappropriate

However, Mitchell thinks (that) Cam's mom touches him inappropriately.

Sentence 6

Mitchell / go / Claire / house / and / tell / her / about / problem

Mitchell goes to Claire's house and tells her about [his/the] problem.

Sentence 7

Claire / wonder / Mitchell / good / judge / because / he / have / boundary / issue / ever / since / he / child

Claire wonders [if/whether] Mitchell is a good judge because he has had boundary issues ever since he was a child.

Sentence 8

Claire / try / invade / Mitchell / space / demonstrate / point

Claire tries to invade Mitchell's space (in order) to demonstrate her point.

Sentence 9

Claire / think / it / all / Mitchell / head

Claire thinks (that) it is all in Mitchell's head.

Sentence 10

Mitchell / not / want / tell / Cam / direct / because / he / think / Cam / overreact

Mitchell doesn't want to tell Cam directly because he thinks (that) Cam will overreact.

Sentence 11

Claire / think / Mitchell / need / make / Cam / see / mother / feel / him / up / and / then / make / Cam / deal / it

Claire thinks (that) Mitchell needs to make Cam see his mother [feel/feeling] him up and then make Cam deal with it.

triangle Listen & Repeat 듣고 따라하기 Ouça e repita Escuchar y repetir [ ? ]

Listen & Repeat

This activity has two purposes.

The first purpose is to improve listening accuracy. Learners can often understand the general meaning of a video but still not hear and understand many of the words that are said. This is because native speakers tend to say the functional words unclearly. (eg. don’t know, going to, want to, can’t, must have) This activity is designed to help learners improve their ability to hear these words.

TIP: Learners should listen, and then try to repeat exactly what they hear. Then they should click “Show” and read the sentence. After reading the sentence, learners should listen again and try to hear each word.

The second purpose is to improve pronunciation.

TIP: Learners should listen to and read the sentences at the same time. Then learners should try to copy the pronunciation and intonation of the speaker exactly.

TIP: Exaggerating the intonation and feeling of the speaker is useful. It may feel awkward or funny, but it will help you sound more natural.

Escuchar y Repetir

Esta actividad tiene dos propósitos separados.

El primer propósito es mejorar la precisión auditiva. Los estudiantes a menudo pueden comprender el significado general de un video, pero aún no escuchan ni comprenden muchas de las palabras que se dicen. En particular, los hablantes nativos tienden a decir las palabras funcionales (p. Ej., No sé, voy a, quiero, no puedo, debe haberlo hecho) de manera poco clara. Esta actividad está diseñada para ayudar a los alumnos a mejorar su capacidad para escuchar estas palabras.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y luego intentar repetir exactamente lo que se dijo. Luego deben hacer clic en "Show" y leer la oración. Después de leer la oración, los alumnos deben volver a escuchar e intentar escuchar cada palabra.

El segundo propósito es mejorar la pronunciación.

CONSEJO: Los alumnos deben escuchar y leer las oraciones al mismo tiempo. Luego, los alumnos deben intentar copiar la pronunciación y la entonación del hablante.

CONSEJO: Es útil exagerar la entonación y el sentimiento del hablante. Puede parecer incómodo o divertido, pero te ayudará a sonar más natural.

듣고 따라하기

이 액티비티에는 두 가지 목적이 있습니다.

첫 번째 목적은 청취 정확도를 높이는 것입니다. 학생들은 종종 비디오의 일반적인 의미를 이해할 수 있지만 여전히 많은 단어를 듣고 이해하지 못합니다. 특히 원어민은 기능적 단어 (예 : 모르겠다, 갈 것, 갖고 싶어, 가질 수 없어야 한다)를 불분명하게 말하는 경향이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 이러한 단어를 듣는 능력을 향상시킬 수 있도록 고안되었습니다.

팁 : 학습자는 듣고 나서 말한 내용을 정확하게 반복해야 합니다. 그들은“Show”를 클릭하고 문장을 읽어야 합니다. 문장을 읽은 후 학습자는 다시 듣고 각 단어를 들어야 합니다.

두 번째 목적은 발음을 향상시키는 것입니다.

팁 : 학습자는 동시에 문장을 듣고 읽어야 합니다. 그런 다음 학습자는 화자의 발음과 억양을 따라 해 보아야 합니다.

팁 : 화자의 억양과 느낌을 과장하는 것이 유용합니다. 어색하거나 재미있게 느껴질 수 있지만 더 자연스럽게 들리는 데 도움이 됩니다.

Ouvir e repetir

Esta atividade tem dois propósitos.

O primeiro objetivo é melhorar a precisão auditiva. Os alunos geralmente podem entender o significado geral de um vídeo, mas ainda não ouvem e entendem muitas das palavras que são ditas. Isso ocorre porque os falantes nativos tendem a dizer as palavras funcionais de forma pouco clara. (por exemplo, não sei, vou, quero, não posso, devo ter) Esta atividade é projetada para ajudar os alunos a melhorar sua capacidade de ouvir essas palavras.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e tentar repetir exatamente o que ouviram. Em seguida, deveriam clicar em “Mostrar” e ler a frase. Depois de ler a frase, os alunos devem ouvir novamente e tentar ouvir cada palavra.

O segundo objetivo é melhorar a pronúncia.

DICA: os alunos devem ouvir e ler as frases ao mesmo tempo. Em seguida, os alunos devem tentar copiar exatamente a pronúncia e a entonação do falante.

DICA: É útil exagerar na entonação e no sentimento do falante. Pode parecer estranho ou engraçado, mas ajudará você a soar mais natural.

Directions: Play the audio clip and try to repeat what you hear. Click "Show" to see the text.

Instrucciones: Reproduce el clip de audio e intenta repetir lo que escuchas. Haga clic en "Show" para ver el texto.

Instrucciones: Reproduzca el clip de audio e intente repetir lo que escucha. Haga clic en "Mostrar" para ver el texto.

지시 사항 : 오디오 클립을 재생하고 들리는 내용을 반복해 보십시오. 텍스트를 보려면 "Show" 를 클릭하십시오.

Clip 1

Mama should be here by now. I wonder what's keeping her?

Clip 2

You know, Missouri's more cosmopolitan than you give it credit for, Mitchell.

Clip 3

I don't want to overstate this, but my mom is the greatest woman that ever lived.

Clip 4

If I had one complaint, and I do, it's the inappropriate putting of her hands on my body.

Clip 5

Hey Barb, I got you the cranberries you wanted for the stuffing.

Clip 6

Let me get in there and help you.

Clip 7

Cam's mom spent half of dinner with her hands all over me.

Clip 8

I mean, are you really the best judge of this kind of thing?

Clip 9

What are you doing?

Clip 10

Well, what does Cam say?

Clip 11

God forbid I say anything negative about his mom.

Clip 12

Mitchell, if this is happening, and I'm pretty sure it isn't...

Clip 13

...then you need Cam to see his mom feeling you up and then make Cam deal with it.

triangle Discussion 논의 Questões de discussão Discusión

  1. Do you think Cam's mother is acting strangely, or is Mitchell overreacting? Why? Would you like to have an affectionate mother-in-law like Barb?
  2. Are you a touchy-feely person, or does it bother you when people touch you? Why?
  3. Which people in your life is it okay to be affectionate with? Which people can you not be affectionate with?   (immediate family, extended family, friends, acquaintances, coworkers, classmates, teammates) Does it matter if it is a man or woman?
  4. Mitchell asks his sister for advice. Who do you usually talk to when you need advice? Does s/he usually give good advice? Do you usually follow the advice?
  5. Do you have any complaints about your partner's mother or father? What are the complaints?
    (partner = girlfriend/boyfriend, wife/husband)

triangle Script 대본 Roteiro Texto

Mama should be here by now. I wonder what's keeping her?

Cam, that depends. Did she take her jalopy or one of them new fancy flyin' machines?

Missouri's more cosmopolitan than you give it credit for. It's got a very vibrant cowboy poetry scene.

Not sure you're making the point that you think.

That's her. Come on. Look alive. Look alive.


My baby! Oh, little boomer! Oh, puppy kiss! Mitchell, get over here!

Oh! Hey, Barb!

My baby's baby! Ohh! Oh ho ho!

Oh, yeah! Well, I don't wanna overstate this but my mom is the greatest woman that ever lived.

Cam loves his mom.

She raised four kids, two barns and a whole lotta hell.

That sounds like a country song.

And that song would be called "The Greatest Woman That Ever Lived."

Cam loves his mom.

From the minute I met Barb she has been open and loving and caring.

Oh, I have missed these shoulders.

Ohh Aaah!

If I had one complaint and I do it's the inappropriate putting of her hands on my body.

Hey, Barb. Got you the cranberries you wanted for the stuffing.

Oh, bless your heart.

Mmm mmm mmm! Mmm mmm mmm!

Let me get in there and help ya. Ohh. Ohh! Ohh! And a horsie bite!

This is how I like to cuddle.

It's it's been going on a long time.

Cam's mom spent half of dinner with her hands all over me. It was like she was blind and wanted to know what my thighs looked like.

Are you sure? Are you really the best judge of this kind of thing? You've had boundary issues since you were a kid.

I have not!

Okay. Sorry. My mistake. Must be Cam's mom. Her issues.

What are you doing?

Nothing. Just getting a spoon.

Stop it.

Is it bothering you?

Yes, it is.

Hey, Mitchell.

Claire, stop it!

Mitchell, Mitchell, Mitchell.

Force field!

That never stops being fun.


Listen, this is this is not in my head, Claire. And it's actually getting worse.

What does Cam say?

Well, he never seems to notice. And I certainly can't talk to him about it because God forbid I say anything negative about his mom. One time I added salt to her casserole and he went into the garage and punched the car.

Okay, Mitchell, if this is happening, and I'm pretty sure it isn't

Thank you. Supportive.

Then you need Cam to see his mom feeling you up and then make Cam deal with it.


Think about it.

square Watch Next 다음에 볼 Veja a seguir Ver siguiente