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FM.1 Welcome Michal
FM.2 Out for a Drink
FM.3 Helen in Love
FM.4 Problems in the Flat
FM.5 A New Flatmate
FM.6 The Movie Date
FM.7 Helen's Secret
FM.8 Helen + Michal

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F.1 Nice to Meet You
F.2 Who's that?
F.3 How do I get there?
F.4 Who's this?
F.5 You're late!
F.6 Do you like this blouse?
F.7 Welcome to my new apartment
F.8 What do you do in the morning
F.9 Making a weekend plan
F.10 Tonight I'm cooking
F.11 How was yout trip?
F.12 She has a fever
F.13 Do me a favor?
F.14 I'd like to get married

Top Notch TV 1
1.1 Giorgio Moretti
1.2 Interviewing Giorgio
1.3 Making a weekend plan
1.4 Paul gives directions
1.5 Cheryl's family
1.6 Bob's memory trick
1.7 What's in the salad
1.8 Eating healthy
1.9 Where are the tickets?
1.10 Paul and Machines
1.11 Bob's Exercise
1.12 Bob's Eexercise advice
1.13 Mr. Rashid's vacation
1.14 What a vacation!
1.15 Which do you prefer?
1.16 Fashion for Bob
1.17 A trip to South Africa
1.18 Paul's African Adventure
1.19 Bargaining
1.20 I'll leave the tip

Top Notch TV 2
2.1 Have we met before?
2.2 The Museum of Cheese
2.3 Choosing a movie
2.4 The movie star
2.5 Can I take a message
2.6 Hotel complaints
2.7 Paul's accident
2.8 A luxury van
2.9 How about a manicure?
2.10 Bob's haircut
2.11 A sit-down meal
2.12 What's for dessert?
2.13 What is that color?
2.14 Feeling blue?
2.15 Art for the office
2.16 Paul the artist
2.17 The computer expert
2.18 New office tech
2.19 Marie flirting
2.20 Bob the romantic

Top Notch TV 3
3.01 A little early
3.02 Etiquette in India
3.03 Are you ok?
3.04 Too much medicine
3.05 Rush job
3.06 Planning the party
3.07 Bob the dancer
3.08 The etiquette teacher
3.09 Planning the wedding
3.10 A new holiday
3.11 Somewhere safe
3.12 An epidemic in Finland
3.13 Bob's history book
3.14 Newspapers
3.15 New technology
3.16 Paul's phone buzzer
3.17 Discussing politics
3.18 I'm not a radical
3.19 Planning a honeymoon
3.20 A trip to Tahiti









isten in English

Electric Plants

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Published: 12.19.2017
Level 5   |   Time: 1:37
Accent: British, American
Source: BBC Global New Podcast (12.18.2017)

TOEFL: New research is looking into how plants can be used to generate electricity and produce artificial light.

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You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions


  1. REVIEW the vocabulary.
  2. LISTEN to the audio above.
  3. ANSWER the questions.
  4. CHECK your answers (Show Answers)

triangle Vocabulary


  • implausible [adj] - unlikely / hard to believe
  • glow [v] - give out steady light
  • illuminated [adj] - light up
  • a modification [n] - a change
  • watercress [n] - a type of leafy plant used in salads
  • infrared [n] - a type of light (on the red end of the light spectrum)
  • the vicinity [n] - the area
  • harvest [v] - gather or collect
  • plug in [v] - connect to an electric outlet
  • a solar-cell [n] - an electrical device that changes light into electricity
  • degrade [v] - break down chemically
  • edible [adj] - able to be eaten
  • nanoparticles [n] - very small particles (between 1 and 100 nanometres in size)
  • biocompatible [adj] - not harmful to living tissue

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression


triangle Comprehension Questions


  1. The host suggests people may be able to read with light from a plant in the future.
    True
    False

  2. The plants are being made to produce light through genetic modification.
    True
    False

  3. The scientist used a watercress plant to produce light.
    True
    False

  4. The scientist wants to reduce the world's dependency on electric lighting.
    True
    False

  5. He mentions replacing plastic products with plants.
    True
    False

  6. He mentions replacing electronic circuit boards with plants.
    True
    False

  7. The scientist has created a plant that can connect with a cellphone.
    True
    False

  8. He has a created a plant that can be plugged in to an electrical outlet.
    True
    False

  9. Plants store energy in the form of sugar.
    True
    False

  10. He states that plants have the functions of both a solar cell and a battery.
    True
    False

  11. He states that the plants will have to be replaced if they are damaged.
    True
    False

  12. Plants are made mainly of carbon monoxide.
    True
    False

  13. He mentions that plants are degradable.
    True
    False

  14. The plants that he is creating are edible.
    True
    False

  15. The plants that he is creating were designed to be edible.
    True
    False


triangle TOEFL Questions


  1. What is the discussion mainly about?
    (A) Watercress can be used for food or to produce light.
    (B) Research is being done to make plants that can be used as lights.
    (C) A recent study has produced plants that can be used in computers and phones.
    (D) Scientists are now able to genetically modify plants to produce electricity.

  2. Which of these statements is NOT true about the plants in the study.
    (A) The plants are edible.
    (B) The plants produce light.
    (C) The plants have been genetically modified.
    (D) The plants can store energy.

  3. What is the purpose of the research that is being done?
    (A) To reduce people's dependency on electric lighting.
    (B) To replace all electric lighting.
    (C) To combine plants with phones.
    (D) To make a more nutritious salad plant.

  4. According to the scientist, what advantages do these plants have?
    [Click four answers.]
    (A) They are cheap to produce.
    (B) They produce their own energy.
    (C) They can store energy.
    (D) They can repair themselves.
    (E) They degrade.
    (F) They are delicious.

  5. What does the scientist mean when he says this?

    (A) They are trying to make plants that can be used for food and light.
    (B) They didn't design the plants to be food, but they can be eaten.
    (C) They wanted the plants to be edible, but they cannot be eaten.
    (D) The plants might be edible, but it is unclear.


triangle Script



Imagine that instead of reading by lamplight, you could instead read with the aid of a glowing plant. It may sound implausible, but scientists in the U.S. have shown that plants can be illuminated without needing genetic modification. During their research, the team created watercress that glows with the hope that one day their research will help reduce our dependence on electric lighting. A professor of chemical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Michael Straneau who led the research, told us how it was done.

We've started to think about can we replace the things we encounter in our everyday lives. Like the things we make out of plastic and electronic circuit boards, can we replace those with a living functioning plant.

Previously this year, we’ve made a plant that acts as a chemical sensor, and it will actually connect to a user's cellphone in the vicinity using an infrared signal. This light emitting point was an obvious extension of our research. There are several reasons to do this. So first, plants harvest their own energy from the sun. They don't need to be plugged in, but they also store that energy as sugar inside the plant. So they're really a combination of a solar cell and a battery. Not just that, but they also have other interesting functions. They'll self-repair, so if they're damaged, they actually fix themselves. They're also made entirely out of atmosphere carbon dioxide. They're made of materials that degrade in water. We are not designing the plates so that it would be edible, but it turns out that the types of nanoparticles that we are using are biocompatible in that way.

Michael Straneau from MIT.


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