How does the host describe the idea that some people's DNA makes them smarter?
What is the movie Gattaca about?
The origins of space travel People's genetic advantages
How to become smarter
How long have scientists been studying the (in)heritability of intelligence? less than 100 years
more than 100 years
According to Professor Plohman, what percentage of people's differences in intelligence come from differences in their DNA?
Almost none At least half
According to Professor Plohman's study, how many genes are related to intelligence?
What aspects does the host say the talk will focus on?
Economic aspects Social aspects Ethical aspects
What does the host mean by "genetic discrimination"?
Choosing the best genes when making babies Using genetic information to discriminate against people Supporting antipoverty ideas
Studying the genetics of only some races
Which of these statements does Professor Plohman make? Intelligence is the ability to learn. Some children learn faster than others.
The best class size is 30 students. Class size has very little effect on children's ability to learn.
Boys are better at math than girls. Genetics is the most important single factor for intelligence.
We should blame schools and teachers instead of children when children have trouble learning.
Children with low intelligence are usually unmotivated. Some children require a lot more effort to educate than others.
Teachers should stop some children from reading so much.
What has Dr. Tavery mainly studied?
The manipulation of genes
The genetic differences between races The ethics of studying genetics
Who was Francis Galton related to? Charles Darwin
What was the original meaning of the word "eugenics"?
Gene study Good birth
What does Dr. Tavery say about the history of eugenics? It has a dark (negative) history. It was related to the (Jewish) holocaust in Nazi Germany It was started by Francis Galton.
It was never studied in the US or Canada.
What is the nature-nurture debate?
The debate over the origin of eugenics Whether genetics or environment factors are more important in shaping your personality
The way in which people inherit their genetic traits
How does Dr. Tavery describe the study of genetics related to intelligence?
What is Dr. Tavery afraid of? Children will be judged and separated based on their genes.
Children will lose access to good education.
Children will be forced to change their genes.
What does Dr. Tavery think are the best ways to help children?
Put genetically superior children in special schools.
Give extra help to children with fewer intelligence genes. Improve the quality of children's drinking water. Give children more books.
In a 2014 study, how many genes did scientists find related to intelligence?
What did other scientists use the 2014 study for? To show that some racial groups had more of the intelligence genes than others.
To improve education for different racial groups
To demonstrate the value of genetic engineering
Why does Dr. Tavery say that using the study is problematic? People will use the study to show that some races are more intelligent than others. People will use the study to show that some people are poor because of genetic factors.
People will use the study to stop research into genetics.
What does Dr. Tavery promise will happen next?
Further research on the genetics of intelligence will be stopped because of fear of racism. Someone will do a study to determine which racial group has the highest number of the 52 intelligence genes.
Schools will start using the research to start making special classes for more intelligent students.
What is the main topic of the lecture? (A) The ethics and usefulness of studying intelligence
(B) How children differ genetically
(C) The history of unethical scientific study
(D) The origins of eugenics
The host mentions the movie Gattaca in order to ____. (A) show some of the problems that can arise from studying genetics
(B) give an example of an undemocratic future
(C) show how DNA affects intelligence
(D) tell the audience about one of his favorite movies
According to Professor Plohman, the inheritability of intelligence ____. (A) has been clearly understood for a long time
(B) has recently been discovered
(C) is still in doubt
(D) is not important
Professor Plohman states that up to 50% of general cognitive ability ____.
(A) is controlled by the quality of education
(B) is genetically different
(C) is determined by class size (D) is determined by genetics
52 genes have been shown ____.
(A) to control all human intelligence (B) to be connected to human intelligence
(C) to be present in only intelligent people
(D) to be present in only certain racial groups
Why does the host mention eugenics?
(A) He wants to show a difference between past and present research into intelligence.
(B) He wants to show a connection between intelligence and poverty. (C) He wants to show how this research can be used for unethical purposes.
(B) He wants to show Charles Darwin's connection to this research.
Professor Plohman states that ____. (A) intelligence is the ability to learn
(B) children need good teachers to become intelligent
(C) most children have similar learning abilities
(D) intelligence is impossible to measure
According to Professor Plohman, class size ____.
(A) greatly affects a student's ability to learn (B) has little effect on a student's ability to learn
(C) should be limited to improve the learning of students
(D) should be limited to 30 students or less
What does Professor Plohman mean when he says this?
(A) It is difficult to stop children from studying.
(B) Teaching children requires a lot of effort.
(C) Most children have the same intelligence. (D) Children differ in their ability to learn.
Dr. Tavery is mainly concerned with ____.
(A) how children learn
(B) what factors improve education (C) how people use intelligence research
(D) why some racial groups are more intelligent than other racial groups
Which of these statements about Francis Galton are true? [Click on three answers.] (A) He was related to Charles Darwin.
(B) He was a Nazi. (C) He created the study of eugenics. (D) He was interested in the nature-nurture debate.
(E) He believed intelligence was related to when you were born.
Dr. Tavery suggests that it is a good idea _____. [Click on two answers.]
(A) to put less intelligent students in special programs.
(B) to try to make people more intelligent through genetics. (C) to help students by improving their water quality.
(D) to determine which racial groups have genes related to intelligence. (E) to give students more books.
Dr. Tavery states that intelligence studies ____.
(A) should be stopped (B) can be used for unethical purposes
(C) can help improve education
(D) require more funding to be effective
A similar study conducted in 2014 ____.
(A) identified 13 genes related to intelligence
(B) showed how some racial groups are more intelligent than others (C) was used by other authors to show racial difference in intelligence
(D) helped schools improve their curriculums
What does Professor Plohman mean when he says this?
(A) The idea that poverty is related to genetics is racist.
(B) There is a strong connection between intelligence and wealth.
(C) Poor people are often oppressed because of genetics.
(D) Poverty cannot be prevented.