The Science of Pain

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Published: 5.29.2017
Level 6   |   Time: 4:47
Accent: Canadian
Source: Quirks & Quarks (5.20.2017)

TOEFL: A professor talks about the science of pain.

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You can download the file [ HERE ].

    

triangle Directions 목표 Direcciones


  1. READ the VOCABULARY

    It is important to read the vocabulary before you watch the video. This will improve your ability to understand the video. It will also help you understand how the new vocabulary is used naturally.

  2. WATCH the VIDEO

    The first time you watch the video, just try to understand the overall situation.

  3. ANSWER the QUESTIONS

    First try to answer all of the questions from memory. Then rewatch the video and try to answer the questions that you missed.

  4. WATCH and READ the SCRIPT

    Watch the video again while you read the script. Reading and listening at the same time will help you hear each individual word and improve your listening accuracy.

  5. DO the ACTIVITIES

    There are a number of different activities that focus on test preparation, vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure.

  1. LEA el VOCABULARIO

    Es importante leer el vocabulario antes de ver el video. Esto mejorará su capacidad para comprender el video. También le ayudará a comprender cómo se usa el nuevo vocabulario de forma natural.

  2. VER el VIDEO

    La primera vez que vea el video, intente comprender la situación general.

  3. RESPONDE a las PREGUNTAS

    Primero intente responder todas las preguntas de memoria. Luego, vuelva a ver el video e intente responder las preguntas que se perdió.

  4. MIRAR Y LEER

    Mire el video nuevamente mientras lee el guión. Leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo lo ayudará a escuchar cada palabra individual y mejorará su precisión auditiva.

  5. HACER LAS ACTIVIDADES

    Hay una serie de actividades diferentes que se centran en la preparación de la examen, el vocabulario, la gramática y la estructura de las oraciones.

  1. 어휘 읽기

    비디오를 보기 전에 어휘와 배경을 읽는 것이 중요합니다. 이렇게 하면 비디오를 이해하는 능력이 향상됩니다. 또한 새로운 어휘가 어떻게 자연스럽게 사용되는지 이해하는데 도움이됩니다.

  2. 비디오 보기

    비디오를 처음 볼 때 전체 상황을 이해하려고 노력하세요.

  3. 문제에 답하기

    먼저 모든 질문에 답을 해보세요. 그런 다음 비디오를 다시보고 놓친 질문에 답해보세요.

  4. 비디오 보면서 대본 읽기

    대본을 읽는 동안 비디오를 다시 보세요. 읽기와 듣기를 동시에 하면 각각의 단어를 듣고, 듣기 정확도를 향상시킬 수 있습니다.

  5. 액티비티 하기

    듣기 정확도, 발음, 어휘, 문법 및 문장 구조에 초점을 맞춘 다양한 액티비티가 있습니다.

triangle Vocabulary 어휘 Vocabulario


  • ☐ ☐ ☐ sensation [n] - sense / feeling
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ drive-state [n] - a desire for something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ subjective [adj] - opinion (not objective)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ intrinsically [adv] - in an essential way
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ internal [adj] - inside the body or mind
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ photons [n] - a particle (piece) of light
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ corresponds [v] - is connected
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ inflammation [n] - swelling, heat or redness in a body part
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ perception [n] - the ability to hear, feel, see, smell or taste
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ needle-prick [n] - a poke from a needle
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ joint [n] - a connection point in the body (elbow, knee)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ visceral organs [n] - internal organs (heart, lungs, liver)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ analgesics [n] - drugs that reduce pain
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ variability [n] - change / variation
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ put up with [phv] - endure / withstand
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ genes [n] - the physical units of genetics
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ variation [n] - change
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ stimulus [n] - an event/action that makes a response
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ an astounding amount [adj] - a large (surprising) amount
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ thermal [adj] - related to heat
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ forearm [n] - the part of the arm between the hand and elbow
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ susceptibility [n] - being likely to be affected by something
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ opioids [n] - strong pain-killing drugs (like opium)
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ morphine [n] - a strong and addictive pain-killing drug
  • ☐ ☐ ☐ chronic pain [n] - long-term pain

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb, [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [exp] - expression



triangle TOEFL Questions TOEFL 문제 Preguntas de TOEFL


  1. What is the discussion mainly about?
    (A) How people can cope with pain
    (B) The factors influencing people's experience with pain
    (C) The most recent scientific discoveries related to pain medication
    (D) The differences between pain and light

  2. Why does the professor compare pain to light?
    (A) Pain has many different properties.
    (B) Pain is difficult to measure.
    (C) Pain travels quickly through your body.
    (C) Pain and light are both caused by photons.

  3. Why is pain a drive-state?
    (A) It can make people feel hungry or thirsty.
    (B) It lasts for a long time.
    (C) It is related to hunger.
    (D) It forces people to respond to it.

  4. What difference does the professor imply between vision and pain?
    (A) Vision requires more energy.
    (B) Pain is more important.
    (C) Pain is more difficult to measure.
    (D) Sensitivity to pain is mainly genetic.

  5. What does the speaker mean whren he says this?

    (A) Pain ranges from mild to severe.
    (B) Pain usually doesn't last long.
    (C) Back pain is the most serious type of pain.
    (D) Pain is mainly caused by other people.

  6. The professor suggests that...
    (A) there are many different types of pain.
    (B) pain to the skin is more common than pain to joints.
    (C) all pain has a similar biological basis.
    (D) people can control the ability to deal with pain.

  7. According to the professor, which factors influencDe how a person experiences pain? [Choose three answeres.]
    (A) genetics
    (B) past experience with pain
    (C) whether you are a twin
    (D) sex & gender
    (E) drug addiction

  8. What does the speaker mean when he says this?

    (A) People often exaggerate their pain.
    (B) People respond to the same pain stimulus very differenty.
    (C) Some types of pain are harder to measure than others.
    (D) Most people are very sensitive to pain.

  9. Having a lot of expereince with pain...
    (A) makes you more sensitive to pain.
    (B) makes you less sensitive to pain.
    (C) has no effect on your sensitivity to pain.
    (D) made people less likely to participate in the experience.

  10. What does the professor mean when he says this?

    (A) Women often argue about their pain experience.
    (B) Most people guess that men are more sensitive to pain than women.
    (C) Women are becoming more sensitve to pain.
    (D) Women and men are equally sensitive to pain.

  11. According to the professor, women...
    (A) are more sensitive to pain than men.
    (B) use more pain medication than men.
    (C) are more likely to have chronic pain.
    (D) tend to hide their pain.



triangle Summary 요약 Resumen [ ? ]

Summary

This activity is designed to improve sentence accuracy and complexity. Most students can produce the key content words in a sentence. However, they have difficulty with accuracy because the functional words are difficult or can seem unimportant. This activity will help learners eliminate problems with these functional words by giving them immediate feedback on the mistakes they are making. It will also help students develop their use of more natural, varied and complex sentence structures.

TIP: Say the sentence out loud. Notice the types of mistake you make often. Focus on those types of errors. (singular/plural, subject-verb agreement, article use, prepositions, gerunds and infinitives, noun clauses, adjective clauses, word order, and word forms.)

Resumen

Esta actividad está diseñada para mejorar la precisión y complejidad de las oraciones. La mayoría de los estudiantes pueden producir las palabras clave del contenido en una oración. Sin embargo, tienen dificultades con la precisión porque las palabras funcionales son difíciles o pueden parecer poco importantes. Esta actividad ayudará a los alumnos a eliminar problemas con estas palabras funcionales al brindarles retroalimentación inmediata sobre los errores que están cometiendo. También ayudará a los estudiantes a desarrollar su uso de estructuras de oraciones más naturales, variadas y complejas.

CONSEJO: Diga la oración en voz alta. Observe los tipos de errores que comete con frecuencia. Concéntrese en ese tipo de errores. (singular / plural, concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, uso del artículo, preposiciones, gerundios e infinitivos, cláusulas sustantivas, cláusulas adjetivas, orden de las palabras y formas de las palabras).

요약

이 액티비티는 문장의 정확성과 복잡성을 개선하기 위해 고안되었습니다. 대부분의 학생들은 문장에서 핵심 내용 단어를 생성 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 기능적 단어가 어렵거나 중요하지 않은 것처럼 보일 수 있기 때문에 정확성에 어려움이 있습니다. 이 액티비티는 학습자가 실수에 대한 즉각적인 피드백을 제공함으로써 이러한 기능적 단어의 문제를 제거하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 또한 학생들이 보다 자연스럽고 다양하며 복잡한 문장 구조를 사용하는 데 도움이 됩니다.

팁 : 문장을 크게 말하세요. 자주 저지르는 실수 유형과, 이러한 유형의 오류에 집중하세요. (단수 / 복수, 주어-동사 일치, 관사 사용, 전치사, 동명사 및 부정사, 명사절, 형용사절, 어순 및 단어 형태)

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