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BBC Flatmates
FM.1 Welcome Michal
FM.2 Out for a Drink
FM.3 Helen in Love
FM.4 Problems in the Flat
FM.5 A New Flatmate
FM.6 The Movie Date
FM.7 Helen's Secret
FM.8 Helen + Michal
FM.9 New Year's Changes

Top Notch TV Fundamentals
F.1 Nice to Meet You
F.2 Who's that?
F.3 How do I get there?
F.4 Who's this?
F.5 You're late!
F.6 Do you like this blouse?
F.7 Welcome to my new apartment
F.8 What do you do in the morning
F.9 Making a weekend plan
F.10 Tonight I'm cooking
F.11 How was yout trip?
F.12 She has a fever
F.13 Do me a favor?
F.14 I'd like to get married

Top Notch TV 1
1.1 Giorgio Moretti
1.2 Interviewing Giorgio
1.3 Making a weekend plan
1.4 Paul gives directions
1.5 Cheryl's family
1.6 Bob's memory trick
1.7 What's in the salad
1.8 Eating healthy
1.9 Where are the tickets?
1.10 Paul and Machines
1.11 Bob's Exercise
1.12 Bob's Eexercise advice
1.13 Mr. Rashid's vacation
1.14 What a vacation!
1.15 Which do you prefer?
1.16 Fashion for Bob
1.17 A trip to South Africa
1.18 Paul's African Adventure
1.19 Bargaining
1.20 I'll leave the tip

Top Notch TV 2
2.1 Have we met before?
2.2 The Museum of Cheese
2.3 Choosing a movie
2.4 The movie star
2.5 Can I take a message
2.6 Hotel complaints
2.7 Paul's accident
2.8 A luxury van
2.9 How about a manicure?
2.10 Bob's haircut
2.11 A sit-down meal
2.12 What's for dessert?
2.13 What is that color?
2.14 Feeling blue?
2.15 Art for the office
2.16 Paul the artist
2.17 The computer expert
2.18 New office tech
2.19 Marie flirting
2.20 Bob the romantic

Top Notch TV 3
3.01 A little early
3.02 Etiquette in India
3.03 Are you ok?
3.04 Too much medicine
3.05 Rush job
3.06 Planning the party
3.07 Bob the dancer
3.08 The etiquette teacher
3.09 Planning the wedding
3.10 A new holiday
3.11 Somewhere safe
3.12 An epidemic in Finland
3.13 Bob's history book
3.14 Newspapers
3.15 New technology
3.16 Paul's phone buzzer
3.17 Discussing politics
3.18 I'm not a radical
3.19 Planning a honeymoon
3.20 A trip to Tahiti

isten in English

New Zealand Gene Drive
Published: 3.14.2017
Level 6   |   Time: 6:25
Accent: Canadian / New Zealand
Source: Quirks & Quarks (2.25.2017)

TOEFL: New Zealand starts a gene drive to remove all of the predators from the country.


You can download the file [ HERE ].


triangle Directions

  1. REVIEW the vocabulary.
  2. LISTEN to the audio above.
  3. ANSWER the questions (IELTS).
  4. CHECK your answers.

triangle Vocabulary

  • a predator [n] an animal that kills other animals
  • a gene [n] the physical unit of genetics
  • pesky [adj] annoying
  • pull out the stops [exp] try hard
  • cutting-edge [adj] modern (technology)
  • rendering [v] making
  • reproduce [v] have offspring (babies)
  • invasive [adj] something that invades
  • an arsenal [n] collection of tools/weapons
  • deployed [v] spread and arranged
  • a grid-pattern [n] organized/methodical pattern
  • rodents[n] rats / mice
  • fertility [n] ability to reproduce (have babies)
  • toxins[n] poisons
  • residual [adj] remaining / leftover
  • on the table [exp] possible
  • vulnerability [n] ability to be hurt/harmed
  • a pest [n] an annoying animal
  • a chromosome [n] the thread that holds genes
  • predominantly [adv] mainly
  • traits [n] characteristics
  • inheritance [n] genetic information passed from parent to offspring
  • extinct [adj] exists no more
  • mutations [n] genetic change from the original form
  • eradicate [v] remove or destroy completely
  • tell (someone) apart [phv] distinguish something
  • hang on [phv] wait
  • out of the box [exp] started and can't be stopped
  • conservation [n] save / conserve
  • restoration [n] bring back / restore
  • preservation [n] keep safe / preserve
  • mammalian [adj] referring to mammals

[n] - noun,  [v] - verb,  [phv] - phrasal verb,  [adj] - adjective,  [adv] - adjective,  [exp] - expression

triangle Questions

  1. When does New Zealand want to be predator free?

  2. The host defines a gene drive as a way of...
    changing a population genetically.
    removing genes from a species.
    killing a population with a poisonous gene.

  3. Which methods have already been used?
    a grid pattern

  4. What pests / predators does Dr. Gemmell mention?
    rats / mice

  5. A possum is a type of...

  6. What problem associated with using poison does Dr. Gemmell NOT mention?
    There are environmental concerns.
    It is expensive.
    It takes a long time.
    It is dangerous.

  7. Why does he want to target fertility?
    It is the easiest trait to target.
    It prevents a species from reproducing.
    It hasn't been tried before.

  8. Which chromosome determines sex in humans?

  9. What does a gene drive do?
    It makes genetic inheritance less random.
    It eliminates a gene from a species.
    It makes reproduction impossible.

  10. How successful have scientist been on pushing a specific gene through a population?
    about 90%
    about 50%

  11. Dr. Gemmell says that it is better to reduce the female population of pests because...
    females are generally more destructive.
    male offspring are easier to control.
    limiting females in a population limits population growth.

  12. Dr. Gemmell says the gene drive might not be successful...
    if wild animals don't want to mate with genetically modified animals.
    if the genes cannot be controlled.
    if conservationists prevent the gene drive.

  13. Dr. Gemmell says a gene drive might be dangerous because...
    it could be difficult to control.
    it will kill too many animals.
    there has not been enough research.

  14. Dr. Gemmell states that he prefers...

  15. Dr. Gemmell states that introducing mammalian pests 150 years ago was...

triangle Discuss / Consider

  1. Do you think it is a good idea to remove all the predator species from New Zealand?
  2. What could be some other consequences of the gene drive in New Zealand?

triangle Script


The Lost City