Easy TV

Top Notch TV Fundamentals
F.1 Nice to Meet You
F.2 Who's that?
F.3 How do I get there?
F.4 Who's this?
F.5 You're late!
F.6 Do you like this blouse?
F.7 Welcome to my new apartment
F.8 What do you do in the morning
F.9 Making a weekend plan
F.10 Tonight I'm cooking
F.11 How was yout trip?
F.12 She has a fever
F.13 Do me a favor?
F.14 I'd like to get married

Top Notch TV 1
1.1 Giorgio Moretti
1.2 Interviewing Giorgio
1.3 Making a weekend plan
1.4 Paul gives directions
1.5 Cheryl's family
1.6 Bob's memory trick
1.7 What's in the salad
1.8 Eating healthy
1.9 Where are the tickets?
1.10 Paul and Machines
1.11 Bob's Exercise
1.12 Bob's Eexercise advice
1.13 Mr. Rashid's vacation
1.14 What a vacation!
1.15 Which do you prefer?
1.16 Fashion for Bob
1.17 A trip to South Africa
1.18 Paul's African Adventure
1.19 Bargaining
1.20 I'll leave the tip

Top Notch TV 2
2.1 Have we met before?
2.2 The Museum of Cheese
2.3 Choosing a movie
2.4 The movie star
2.5 Can I take a message
2.6 Hotel complaints
2.7 Paul's accident
2.8 A luxury van
2.9 How about a manicure?
2.10 Bob's haircut
2.11 A sit-down meal
2.12 What's for dessert?
2.13 What is that color?
2.14 Feeling blue?
2.15 Art for the office
2.16 Paul the artist
2.17 The computer expert
2.18 New office tech
2.19 Marie flirting
2.20 Bob the romantic

Top Notch TV 3
3.01 A little early
3.02 Etiquette in India
3.03 Are you ok?
3.04 Too much medicine
3.05 Rush job
3.06 Planning the party
3.07 Bob the dancer
3.08 The etiquette teacher
3.09 Planning the wedding
3.10 A new holiday
3.11 Somewhere safe
3.12 An epidemic in Finland
3.13 Bob's history book
3.14 Newspapers
3.15 New technology
3.16 Paul's phone buzzer
3.17 Discussing politics
3.18 I'm not a radical
3.19 Planning a honeymoon
3.20 A trip to Tahiti









isten in English

TESS

icon
Published: 4.21.2018
Level 4   |   Time: 4:10
Accent: American
New York Times (4.16.2018)

NASA’s TESS spacecraft will spend two years searching the sky for nearby alien worlds.


    

triangle Directions


  1. REVIEW the vocabulary / background.
  2. WATCH the video.
  3. ANSWER the questions.
  4. CHECK your answers. (Show Answers)

triangle Vocabulary


  • strewn [adj] - randomly marked by
  • the Milky Way Galaxy [n] - our universe neighborhood
  • an alien [n] - non-human intelligent life
  • at least for now [exp] - possibly in the future this will change
  • a decade [n] - period of ten years
  • a solar system [n] - our group of planets and sun
  • an astronomer [n] - person who studies the stars
  • a constellation [n] - star design
  • wobble [v] - move back and forth
  • tugged [adj] - pulled
  • unfit [adj] - not suitable
  • a spectroscope [n] - instrument that measures light
  • orbit [v] - move around something in a circle
  • a patch [n] - section
  • a dip [n] - drop
  • swirl [v] - spin
  • encased [adj] - covered
  • scorched [adj] - burned
  • shrouded [adj] - covered
  • swept [adj] - moved across (like a broom)
  • blurry [adj] - not clear
  • a pixel [n] - piece of a picture
  • bound [adj] - connected
  • infant [adj] - new
  • score [v] - create/mark
  • lift off [phv] - launch
  • Cape Canaveral [n] - place where rockets launch
  • scrutinize [v] - search very carefully
  • minute [adj] - tiny
  • a swath [n] - wide section
  • an orbit [n] - circular path
  • swoop [v] - moving in a wide arc
  • a torrent [n] - huge, powerful amount
  • habitable [adj] - able to live in
  • the likes of us [exp] - people like us
  • plumb [v] - search deeply
  • the gold standard [n] - best example

triangle Questions


  1. What is in the Milky Way? (Check all that apply)
    human eyes
    alien worlds
    billions of plants
    billions of planets

  2. What did scientists discover in 1995?
    astronomers
    a wobbling star
    Pegasus
    a constellation

  3. What did the Kepler telescope look for?
    a small patch
    the Milky Way
    small dips in starlight
    crossing planets

  4. What did the Kepler find? (Check all that apply)
    systems of planets
    groups of worlds
    ice covered planets
    burned planets
    planets covered in dust
    waterworlds
    dancing planets

  5. What have astronomers discovered in recent years? (Check all that apply)
    aliens
    planets without a star
    newborn planets
    dusty planets

  6. What will TESS be looking for?
    dips in brightness
    four cameras
    oranges
    new stars

  7. How long will TESS be in space?
    2018
    96 days
    27 days
    2 years

  8. What is unusual about TESS' path?
    It is moving like the moon.
    It is moving away from the earth.
    It is moving back and forth between the moon and the earth.
    It is falling to the earth.

  9. What does TESS hope to find?
    targets
    new generations of telescopes
    gases
    planets we can live on

  10. How does planet earth compare to the other planets?
    It is the best.
    It is much worse.
    It is better than most.
    It is too small.


triangle Discussion


  1. Do you think TESS will find habitable planets?
  2. Which is more important: preserving our planet, or finding a new one?
  3. Would you volunteer to live on a new planet if was possible?

triangle Script




Our Milky Way galaxy is strewn with billions of planets, alien worlds still unseen by human eyes —  at least for now. Only three decades ago we didn’t know if there were planets beyond our own solar system. In 1995, astronomers discovered that a star in the constellation Pegasus was wobbling back and forth, tugged by the gravity of an unseen planet, an exoplanet, a hot and hellish world unfit for life as we know it. The wobble method of planet hunting relies on sensitive spectroscopes. As an orbiting planet tugs on its star, the starlight we see shifts from blue to red and back again. 

The Kepler space telescope was launched in 2009. It found thousands of exoplanets by staring at a small patch of the Milky Way. Kepler didn’t look for wobbles. It looked for small dips in starlight, when a planet crosses in front of its star. Kepler found systems of planets, groups of worlds swirling around their star, lonely planets encased in ice, other worlds scorched by fire, newborn planets shrouded in dust, waterworlds, and planets swept by global storms, planets dancing in orbit with two stars, or even three, and even planets from other galaxies that were swallowed up by the Milky Way. 

In recent years, astronomers have taken the first direct images of exoplanets, blurry pixels of alien landscapes. We’ve discovered a free-floating planet not bound to any star. And we’ve seen signs of planets being born, infant worlds scoring dark rings in the dust around their stars. 



Now a new planet hunter will join the search. On April 16, 2018, the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, or TESS, will lift off from Cape Canaveral. TESS will spend two years scrutinizing the entire sky, watching nearby stars for minute dips in brightness caused by a nearby alien world. TESS’ four cameras cover a swath of the sky 96 degrees tall. TESS will divide the sky into sections like the slices of an orange and stare at each section for 27 days, then move on to the next. After two years we will have covered the whole sky. 

TESS will fly an unusual orbit, swooping as far out as the moon every two weeks before falling back close to Earth and dumping a torrent of data to eager astronomers. TESS is a target hunter. The planets it finds can be studied by the next generation of telescopes on Earth and in space. With luck TESS will discover worlds suitable for lakes and oceans, with rich atmospheres and chemical signals we can detect. Their gases could tell us whether these planets are habitable or inhabited by the likes of us. 

The Milky Way holds more planets than stars and a diversity that we still haven’t begun to plumb. In the search for life and meaning in the cosmos, our own world is still the gold standard.